But revolutionary leaders don’t lead revolutions because they were selected by a divine being, they lead because their country is in dire need of change. We see this unrelenting ambition all throughout Napoleon’s life. Taking over European countries like collecting medals and basically crowning himself Emperor of France. “In 1804, Napoleon climbed the ultimate political rung by prevailing on Pope Pius VII to coronate him the Emperor of France”. Whatever he wanted he took without thinking twice.
The papacy tried its best efforts to end the war. Jacques Fournier became the Pope in 1334 and took the name, Benedict XII. At the start of the war in 1337, he attempted considerable efforts to prevent the outbreak of hostilities, however he did not succeed. In 1378 Pope Urban VI was elected the Pope by the College of Cardinals. The Cardinals regretted their choice and selected Pierre Roger, who was elected the Pope in 1342 as Clement VI.
The imperial ideologies spread by Punch magnify Christianity as the founding principle of Britain 's domination over other nations. If mocking other faiths is meant to assert it as a much superior religion – indeed, the only true religion – Punch nevertheless makes a distinction between Christian movements. During the Mutiny, Catholicism was violently attacked by the magazine, which identified with the more widespread Protestantism of its readers. More precisely, the Catholics of Britain were blamed for their stronger allegiance to the Pope than to their Protestant Queen. For Punch, this amounts to committing the capital offence of treason, and the Catholics – or ‘Ultramontanes’ – are therefore depicted as enemies, conspiring with the mutineers against the metropolis.
The Spanish Inquisition was a Roman Catholic system for the punishment of heresy and forced conversion of various religious groups. It was established by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand in 1478 when they requested permission from Pope Sixtus IV to establish it. Their intention was to unite Spain under the dominating religion of Catholicism. Conflicts of the Inquisition arose because of cruel tribunals, torture, and repression of Muslims and Jews that developed into opposition and concluded in catastrophic economic, political, and social declines in Europe. A cause for the Spanish Inquisition’s notorious reputation were the unjust tribunals.
Also, Caligula’s baffling Uncle Claudius became Emperor by the Praetorian Guard. Personally, Caligula was a tragedy waiting to happen. The people of Rome may have known that his reign would be the forefront of destruction to the Roman Empire, but a blind hope of arrogance clouded their judgment as Caligula’s terror destroyed the lives of those around him. However, Caligula’s life was built for luxury, military warfare, and egomania. Most Emperors would have the decency to respect his people, protect their empire, and keep peace among other countries.
The Arian controversy was not just a dispute over a belief of Christianity but a threat to the unity of Roman Empire. Constantine’s main concern lied in the discord and disharmony of church which he considered to be war greater than any other and therefore resolved the matter through his intellectual
King Richard preferred to fight in wars over dealing with the governmental side of ruling a country, and he went out to join the fighting. John was left in control of the country when his older brother, Richard, left to be a part of the third crusade and was crowned after his brother died from an unattended wound received while besieging a castle. (Sherman, 258) King John also had many issues with the church. He had argued with the pope about the Archbishop and was excommunicated. Because this document came, in part, from barons, it is important to understand how the feudal system worked at this time.
In fact, he even hints at being guilty of arson of the church in order to quench his burning desire of appropriating the lapis: Draw close: that conflagration of my church —What then? So much was saved if aught were missed! (34-35) To force his heirs into complying with his wishes, he threatens to bequeath all his villas to the pope. The Bishop is a product of his times and through him, Browning deftly presents his views on the corrupt state of affairs infecting the Roman Catholic Church during, but not restricted to, the years of the Renaissance. The reaction and attitude of the sons as conveyed by the Bishop’s speech in the last part of the poem and in lines such as the following is noteworthy: .
“Umar’s Inaugural Speech” is a persuasive speech on how the public should view their new leader, it also comes with a map that shows Muslim expansion and its military campaign. By knowing what motivated these authors, the information in the text becomes more clear to the reader. The authors of “Umar’s Inaugural Address” and The Crusades, were a series of wars that happened back in the Middle Ages, when Chivalry and Knights were thriving in Europe. Most importantly, however, the Church held extreme power over the Kingdoms’ governments of England. The word Crusade means a religious war.
In medieval political theology, she explains how the “King’s Body” has no flaws and is the highest manifestation of Gods graces on earth. Through this fact she rallies that the crown was never Richards’s ultimate aim, but rather he was a seeker for the perfections of a “King’s Body” to overcome his hindrances. Although it seems that Richard finds a solution, the character was also aware that he simply can’t replace his perception of monstrosity with that of normality, but he can substitute it through inversion. Charnes comes to the argument that Richard desires to have a perfect body due to his desire to replace stigma, and its shameful sense of social exclusion, with charisma. Charisma can indeed designate power over one 's actions - In the same way, someone can persuade others through love or faith, a charismatic leader manages to be for the group what he is for himself.