In 1409 the Council of Pisa was made to resolve the split but instead it only brought in a third pope which mad things worse. The Council of Constance was created too in order to end the Schism. It was created on November the 5th 1410. However, this council did end the schism by the election of Cardinal Odo Colonna whom took the name Martin V.
Occurring predominantly in Europe and the Middle East, the Crusades began in 1095 and officially ended in 1291 (History.com staff, 2010). This being said, the causes can be traced back to 1081 when Alexius Comnenus gained the Byzantine throne, becoming Emperor Alexius I, after years of chaos and invasions by the Seljuk Turks (History.com staff, 2010). In due time Emperor Alexius would begin to set his sights on reclaiming the Holy Land from the Muslims. Seeing that this task would require more than the Byzantine’s men, he reached out to Pope Urban II of the Roman Catholic Church asking him for troops (History.com staff, 2010). The Pope made his decision public at the 1095 Council of Clermont in Southern France where he raised the proposal for all able Western Christians to raise arms to aid the Byzantines.
Pope Leo X was the current Pope during Martin Luther’s time. Pope Leo was born in 11th December, 1475. As Leo grew up, him and his brother Pietro was taught by their father in arts who was the ruler of Florence. On the 9th of March, 1513, Leo was ordained as Pope. While Leo was Pope, he knew that he had a lot of power over people and knew that they would listen to everything that he says.
Even though Christians were persecuted on and off during the Roman Empire, Christianity flourished. In the early Roman Empire, when Claudius, Nero, Domitian, and Trajan were emperors, Christianity was banned and Christians were persecuted. Nevertheless, Christians found ways to spread Christianity, and many people converted. As trials occurred and the Empire lost good leaders, the people took security in Christianity and other religions. Christianity grew during the Roman Empire because Constantine helped create the Edict of Milan, Constantine had imperial favor toward The Church, and there was trade routes to spread Christianity to different areas.
Reorganization, likewise called Protestant Reconstruction, the religious insurgency that occurred in the Western church in the sixteenth century. Its most prominent pioneers without a doubt were Martin Luther and John Calvin. Having extensive political, financial, and social impacts, the Transformation turned into the reason for the establishing of Protestantism, one of the three noteworthy branches of Christianity. The universe of the late medieval Roman Catholic Church from which the sixteenth century reformers rose was a mind boggling one.
• He advanced greatly in the Augustinian order and, in 1511; he went to Rome on monastic business. He was surprised by the behavior of church leaders there. • In 1512, he received his doctorate and was recognized as a scholar in the church.
In 1095 on November 27 in Clermont,France, Pope Urban the II called for a Crusade to help the Byzantines and free the city of Jerusalem. The official start date was set as August 15, 1096. This order little did he know would be the cause of a battle that turned into 9 war’s that last for nearly 200 years. This event in history clearly has a outcome that is way more negative than positive. Have you ever imagined being in the middle of a 200 year war people dropping like flies just because of an argument over one city?
Some historians claim that there are as many as a hundred political and non-political interweaving reasons that led to the collapse of Roman Empire. One of the important political causes is the division of the Empire into two empires, the west (Latin) and the eastern (Greek, later known as the Byzantine empire) in 284 A.D. by Diocletian. This division was adopted to protect the over-expanding empire and to defend its borders against the Barbarian attacks. This was achieved initially as the two empires synchronized responsibilities and strengthened each.
In his medieval chronicle, Chronica Majora, Matthew Paris discusses the life and times of Frederik II. Frederik II, the Holy Roman Emperor, is often considered the first modern ruler due to some of his reforms. During his reign he continually fought with the church, particularly Pope Innocent IV. Although Frederik damaged the Church through manipulation of the papacy, particularly of Innocent IV, Matthew Paris was sympathetic to him for his academic and logical approach to tyrannical rule, while the pope was power-hungry in a less sophisticated way.
The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought from 1095 to 1487. The first of the crusades began in 1095 when the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, Alexios I, sent someone to request Pope Urban II to assist them with military support against the Turks. Pope Urban II quickly asked Catholic soldiers to join the first crusade. The first goal was to give the pilgrims access to areas in the Holy Land that Muslims were controlling. A more long-term goal would be to have the Eastern and Western parts of Christendom reunite.
Between 600 and 1450, religion in Europe changed in that a schism occurred and Russia converted to Christianity. However, there was a near nonstop conflict between the popes and political leaders throughout this time. A major change that occurred between 600 and 1450 was Russia’s conversion to Orthodox Christianity. In 980, Vladimir I, a ruler of Novgorod who had fallen from power, returned from exile to Kiev with a band of Varangians and made himself the grand prince of Kievan Russia.
Martin Luther had a major impact on Church life in Europe in the Sixteenth Century. Martin had a problem with the Roman Catholic Church. He questioned the Catholic Church’s right to sell people on the idea that indulgences should be bought and sold. He ceased the seemingly endless power of the Catholic Church. He touched the lives of many individuals throughout his sixty-two year life.
It all started with the corruption of the Roman Catholic Church. All the church cared about was money and not about it’s own followers. Its own followers had no idea how corrupt the Catholic Church was and it was up to Martin Luther to finally reveal the truth about the Catholic Church. Once they knew the truth, the Catholic Church completely changed and for the better.
The Heroic Saint John Paul II Saint John Paul II once stated, "Have no fear of moving into the unknown. Simply step out fearlessly knowing that I am with you, therefore no harm can befall you; all is very, very well. Do this in complete faith and confidence ("Paul"). "