luence of Culture and a Strong Sense of Nationalism in the Early Twentieth Century Developments that occurred in the early 20th century deeply impacted the formation of the United States. A strong sense of national identity and unity emerged over this time period. Advancements in technology dramatically improved the American lifestyle. The melting pot in the country blossomed through the influx of immigrants especially in the 1900’s. However, the economy suffered a significant downfall that devastated the lives of countless people.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the United States was booming with new industrial innovations because of new technologies, and it was becoming one of the leading economies in the world. This economic boom came to a sharp halt as events such as the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl hit, causing millions of Americans to face economic struggles. “The Strenuous Life,” a speech given by Theodore Roosevelt, displays the ideas of American work ethics that led to economic growth in the early 1900s. These ideals of work ethic not only prompted the cause of the Dust Bowl, but were continued on into the lives of the affected farmers as Americans displaced and in poverty from this event continued to participate in migrant work with awful living
Abbi Pitts Dr. Emily Hess HIST 359 September 17, 2014 Reagan Revolution During the 1970s scandalous events like Watergate, the Iranian hostage crisis and defeat in South Vietnam and a drastic decline in American industry caused a tremendous loss of confidence amongst the American people. The nation seemed to be troubled by its loss of power and fall from grace on the world stage. It wasn’t until 1980 with the inauguration of President Ronald Reagan that the American Spirit was lifted. During his presidency the United States saw great growth in Industry, defense, also great tax cuts and cuts in the federal budget and government funded programs. With the election of Reagan great changes were brought about and America was able to move past the misfortune that struck the 1970s.
Pop Culture during the 1960s A new social and political wave came over the United States in the early 1960s. There had been many changes since World War II in domestic life, economic standing, and politics. 1960s America was much more economically stable and felt responsibility for global affairs. John F. Kennedy won the election in 1960 with an agenda of national prosperity and cold war internationalism. During Kennedy’s presidency America faced a few major events including increasing concern about the war in Vietnam, the Bay of Pigs (a major political and interventional failure), and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
As a result, it comes under heavy criticism from various non-mainstream sources which deem it superficial, consumerist, sensationalist, or corrupt. History and definitions The term "popular culture" was coined in the 19th century or earlier. Traditionally, popular culture was associated with poor education and the lower classes, as opposed to the "official culture" and higher education of the upper classes. The stress in the distinction from "official culture" became more pronounced towards the end of the 19th century, a usage that became established by the interbellum period. From the end of World War II, following major cultural and social changes brought by mass media innovations, the meaning of popular culture began to overlap with those of mass culture, media culture, image culture, consumer culture, and culture for mass
The Victorian period started in the nineteen century. Concurrently, when Queen Victoria was in the throne from 1837 until her death in 1901. As a matter of fact, the Victorian period is known for the changes and significant development from previous centuries. Accordingly, England had a dramatic change to the middle class which gave them more power. Never the less, the lower society, was being utilized for urban developments despite the fact they were unhappy and distressful.
WHAT IS CULTURE SHOCK AND HOW IT CAN BE HANDLE? Definition of the topic: The first to identify the term of “culture shock” was the anthropologist Kalvero Oberg in 1960 and he defined it as “the anxiety that results from losing all the familiar signs and symbols of social intercourses which include words, gestures, facial expressions, customs, or norms acquired unconsciously in the course of growing up”. In the last century, this topic is acquiring importance because, thanks to the fast improvement of technology and the rapid increase of interconnected global network, the bounders of nations are becoming more and more undefined (Freidman, 2006) and people, in particular workers, are facilitated to travel from the home country to the host one (Rajasekar J., Renand F., 2013). As a consequence, people from diverse cultures are coming closer to each other and get in touch with each other more often than before (Xia J., 2009). Individuals that, due to some job reasons, has to live abroad in another country for a limited period of time are called ‘expatriates’: they are more subject than other individuals to the phenomenon of the culture shock and this can seriously compromise the success of the expatriate (Hayes, 1996; Selmer, 2001).
That summed up the fifties until the mid sixties. From the late sixties until the seventies, there was an uproar in society. Music began to cast a major role in everyday life, mood, and way of living. There is also many African American pioneers that had their breakout year during this time, even though JFK wasn 't black, he still had his break out year in the presidential election. He changed the political culture, but like everything else, people get tired of the same old things, partying was wearing off, people began to use drugs and violence, which brought out the new generation.
The end of the Second World War brought new challenges for the publishing industry in Britain and threatened to reverse the ephemeral success attained through the war years during which the demand for books exceeded all expectations particularly during the last three years of the war, and significantly reduced the risks of large stocks. With the end of paper rationing at the close of the 1940s, however, unhealthy aspects of the publishing trade in the form of overproduction and overstocking started to emerge. It was amid this environment of post-war economic recession that William Heinemann, like other British publishing houses, sought to promote their book industry in foreign countries. Support came from the British government who were keen on encouraging British exports in order to boost the weak economy. ‘Publishers who had looked abroad for markets for decades before 1939 now found themselves encouraged to revive their contacts.’ The results were immediate and tangible.
Pop Art- a celebration or a critique of the consumerist culture? In the years following the Second World War, there were two very different developments: one for the United Kingdom and the other for the United States of America. For the United Kingdom, the war had brought serious damage to social, economic and cultural scenes, barely leaving any concern for the arts. On the other hand, the United States of America were enjoying a period of great prosperity and rapid economic growth. Along with its wealth came a massive development of the American industry and popular culture, which led to a highly consumeristic culture.