With the post World War II baby boom generation in the United States and Europe occurred, the older ranks in recent years and with the acceler¬ated growth of older populations in Asia and Latin America; the next 10 years will observe an increase of about 236 million people aged 65 years and older throughout the globe. Thereafter, from 2025 to 2050, the older population is planned to approximately twice to 1.6 billion glob¬ally, whereas the total population will develop by just 34 percent over the same period (Goodkind & Kowal,
China's population is ageing. By 2050 more than a quarter of the population will be over 65 years old and young generations will face an extraordinary burden. China now has been moving toward lessening family planning restrictions in recent years because of some factors, including a looming labor crisis. China’s working age population is drastically shrinking. Based on the United Nations projects, China will lose 67 million workers from 2010 to 2030.
1) INTRODUCTION The world has experienced a steady increase in life expectancy in this century. The dramatic increase in average life expectancy imposes a great challenge in healthcare. World Health Organisation (2015) reported between 2015 and 2050, the proportion of the world's population over 60 years of age will double from 12% to 22%. The most rapidly growing segment of the Singapore population is the older people.
Rates of getting infections are high in the first year of life. A low incidence takes place throughout young adulthood and a gradual rise in incidence occurs with advancing age. Infective endocarditis incidence was originally 1.5 to 6 per 100,000 person in a year. It has increased to 16.6 per 100,000 person in a years in 2006. This was driven by an increase in the incidence of S. aureus infective endocarditis
If they don’t have enough silver they must borrow from a “moneylender”. In all likelihood this means that many Chinese city dwellers are in debt, leading to cities with distinct social classes. The rich will continue to live a luxurious life with all the silver currency, while the poor will continue to suffer in search for money (Doc.
In the west wages were declining due to the Chinese immigrants taking jobs. Then the government passed the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882 to protect the American’s jobs. The act stated no Chinese immigrants would be allowed in unless their parents lived in America. After this act was passed the main concern of the government was urbanization.
In 1930, a maximum of rent was imposed. The law also aimed at eliminating landlordism by authorizing tenants to purchase the farm from an absentee owner if they had farmed for more than ten years. However, the Law, along with many other measures, cannot be implemented efficiently. The government, after unifying China, had hired a lot of bureaucrats from former warlord regime as they had the experience in administration. These bureaucrats were only obsess of power and disregard public interest.
China’s policy was expected to help lower the population rate by it has increased drastically since the policy was created. By using Document A and B we can see how, the One-Child policy has affected China’s population. Accordingly, to Document A China had a concern in their population growth because throughout 1960-1980 there was a population increase of 350,000,000. China’s Policy started in the 1980’s but since then their population has not lowered at all. It increased from about 1,000,000,000 to about 1,400,000,000 since the policy was created.
As a result, China is an aging society at present. To release its negative effect, China abolished the One-child Policy this year, trying to bring up the birth rate. In fact, aging society is frequently referred to as a threat to China. When TV shows and news talk about aging society, the decrease in demographic dividend, the significant cost of tax income of supporting old adults and how expensive it would be for young people with the skyrocketing prices would be mentioned, which may lead people to believe that it is the population of elderly here to be blamed, but actually, that is not the truth.
Moreover, cohabitation has risen six fold over the past decade, from 31,298 people in 1996 to 189,240 in 2006, making it the fastest-growing family unit (Iona Institute, 2007). While married couples accounted for 80% of family units in 1996, this has since fallen to 70% in 2006 Divorce: Divorce
While describing the World Food Bank, he mentions that between 1960 and 1970 the US alone spent $7.9 billion through taxes to help other countries have food. He later mentions the speed of the poor population multiplying versus the wealthy. Noticing that the rich only increase by 0.8% every year and the poor increase by 3.3% every year, can create a concern. Hardin says that “the doubling time for this aggregate population is twenty-one years, compared to eighty-seven years for the US” (Hardin 735). This shows that the poor population would have doubled four times before the US doubled once.
In order to afford the benefits given to the elderly, the federal government used payroll taxes. Employers and employees were both taxed to furnish the government with the money it needed to adequately dispense the benefits. Furthermore, the Act was estimated to reach an annual taxation bill of $2.6 billion by 1949 and 3.4 billion by 1980. The employers and employees had little to say about this taxation, and many believed that this would lead to the demise of Social Security (“Social Security Act Is Viewed As Jobs Diminisher” 1935).
All that withers was once blossoming. Across the developed world, populations are ageing disproportionately, and youth is being slowly eclipsed by the twilight of age. Fifty years ago, this age demographic was very different from today, and fifty years into the future, this will once more ring true. Demographic change is evident in both Australia and Japan. By 2060, those aged 65 and above will account for 40% of the population in Japan, while in Australia, this percentage is expected to be at least 20% of the total population.
Rising Health care costs: how to control it In U.S., spending on health care has been growing at a faster pace than spending in rest of economy since 1960s. The government was spending 4.7% of the gross domestic product (GDP) at that time, which grew to 16.2% in 2007, and is expected to rise to 20% of GDP by 2017(1). Without any drastic measures, according to the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), these numbers will project to 25% of GDP in 2025, 30% by 2035, and 49% in 2082 (2). The major components of U.S. health care spending are hospitals (31%), physician and clinical services (21%), pharmaceuticals (10%), and other spending (25%) (3).
The increase in Americans dating outside of their racial groups has caused an increase in the American multiracial population. According to the 2010 census brief, the population reporting multiple races, 9.0 million grew by 32 percent from the year 2000 to 2010, compared to those who reported a single race that grew by 9.2%. Nevertheless, the significant group with the most change since 2000; 1.8 million Black and White accounts for the largest multiracial population in America. White races combined with other races accounted for approximately 2.5 million biracial citizens. (Census Bureau 2012)