Population Growth In The Philippines Summary

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As the world population increases, so does the need of the Earth’s resources – food, water, land, and such. Various levels of economic development have major implications on population growth. These transformations lead to a transition – from low to high fertility rates. Hence, population growth may lead to economic progression or regression. Malthus and the like supported the concept of population control in order to minimize environmental squalors. Neo-Malthusians see population growth as a bridge which may lead to poverty, and widespread calamity. (Weeks, 1992) On the other hand, Simon, Boserups, and other anti-Malthusians disagreed with the notion that population growth will lead to food scarcity and economic regression. The first part shows an overview of both the optimistic and pessimistic view on population growth.
It goes to show that countries with high rates of population growth are in favor of the pessimistic view on population control. Thus, they established policies to control it. The evolution of such policies is based on the Neo-Malthusian theories. For instance, the Population policies in the Philippines adopted the use of family planning and the wide access of contraception and birth control methods. And in the year 2012, the Reproductive Health Bill was enacted. The second part shows the different Population policies established under the Arroyo (2002 – 2010) and Aquino (2010 – 2016) administration.
Findings show that, Population policies enforced under

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