Population Growth In China

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(Naughton, 2007) China the country that has the largest population that covers 20% of the world since the 19th century. This is related to its huge size and some other reasons. However, China has faced two major problems in the past that affected its population to decrease rapidly. The first problem happened after World War II era and it was about the famine that Chinese people suffered. The second problem was in the 1970s, the birth rate in China reduced faster than any other country. In addition, several factors caused China’s population to decline such as civil wars, diseases and crop failure. In the beginning, in 1953, population and birth rates were increasing because of some improvements like nutrition, sanitation and health. These…show more content…
The one-child policy forces the families to have just one child for the rest of their life and in this way, China had the ability to control its huge population. (Hays, 2008) When the policy first applied, it helped to decrease the population growth down to 1.3 million and the most changes in the birth rates were between 1970 and 1980 when the rate of birth dropped from 44 per 1000 to 18 per 1000 and it prevented around 300 million births. In addition, the policy was one of the reason of china’s economy growth and that increased the standard living in…show more content…
In 1976, after the death of Mao the leadership of China the consequences of the policy started to be clear. The policy encouraged later marriages and having fewer children and it forced couples to sign a statement that they will only have one child and if they have more they will be punished. After couple of years in 1983, China’s one-child policy has reached its maximum strictness and that caused to have 19% of third order total births. This strictness made China’s population exceed its aim of having 1.2 billion people in 2000 and reach 1.266 billion

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