Throughout history, there have been many controversies concerning books causing them to either be challenged or straightforwardly banned. For a lot of these books, they are banned in certain regions due to viewer discretion, such as the case with the mature topics noted in J.D. Salinger’s, The Catcher in the Rye. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, a picaresque novel by Mark Twain, however, is generally distinguished as a racist, due to diction, and for that reason one of the most challenged books of all time. Despite the negative connotation surrounding banned books, such as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, their people who will argue the book's impact on the world.
This paper will analyze William S. Burroughs’ novels and their portrayal of drug culture. The two novels mainly analyzed in the text are Junkie and Naked Lunch. The text will analyze the books separately as well as together from the viewpoint of drug addicts being their own separate sub-culture amidst society. William Seward Burroughs became one of the most well-known authors of the 1950s after his 1953 semi-autobiographical novel Junkie and the novel Queer. These two novels were originally written to be one singular work, but Burroughs later edited the novels to be published as two different works.
Scarface is a film that is loved by a lot of people even though the main star of the movie was a Cuban immigrant who sells drugs and kills people. Deviance is displayed throughout the film while you follow Tony “Scarface” Montana on his rise to power. Some of the deviant behavior that is displayed in the film would be drug use/selling, and murder. These behaviors are portrayed in a sympathetic light because you feel bad for the struggle Tony had come up from. The movie is unsympathetic when it came to Tony murdering his best friend when he finds out that he and Tony’s sister are together which leads to Tony’s sister trying to kill him.
Is it ever just to ban a book over the inclusion of controversial material? In Cold Blood written by Truman Capote has been an example of a book put under scrutiny for containing controversial content. Although the reasons for the opposition are clear to see in the novel, the complaints toward the book are not substantial enough to ban the book from schools. Capote includes some amounts gore and strong language in the novel, however nothing mature students are not able handle. The novel is based on a murder that occurred in 1959, and it has been speculated that Capote sympathizes with one of the two killers.
Despite his groundbreaking theory in postcolonial studies, Bhabha, as a controversial postcolonial theorist, has received a number of criticisms since the appearance of his seminal work The Location of Culture. I would like to illuminate this part mainly drawing from the book, Postcolonial Theory: Context, Practices, Politics, in which Bart Moore-Gilbert has, relatively, at large, criticized Bhabha’s theory, from his writing style to his application of theories. Among those criticisms, the obvious one, to which almost all the people who have read his book has reached a consensus, is his “characteristically teasing, evasive, even quasi-mystical mode of expression” (Moore-Gilbert 114). His poetic language became well known after he won the second place of Philosophy and Literature Bad Writing Contest in 1998. For his complex and fragmented language which “seems designed to appeal primarily to the reader’s intuition,” the most well-intentioned explanation is that Bhabha uses this style of writing in purpose of making a strange feeling, avoiding the familiar “parameters of Western knowledge” (Huddart 10).
Queer historian Michael Bronski, in surveying 1950s gay fiction, proclaimed that works of classic gay literature “were epitomized by self-hatred and ended in suicide, murder, or some other form of death” (Bronski 16). Generally, works published previous to the rise of gay liberation in the sixties, with notable exceptions such as Patricia Highsmith’s The Price of Salt and the works of Ann Bannon, follow this formula. Publishing did not create these negative and hopeless portrayals alone. Homosexuality had been portrayed negatively since the term’s coining in the late eighteenth century, as sexuality only became categorized through the field of criminology, hence the persistent stereotype that homosexuals are immoral. There is also the truth that member of the queer community are more likely to experience violence, poverty, and mental illness as a result of discrimination they face, and therefore the darkness of 1950s queer literature could be seen as merely documenting the difficult lives queer individuals faced.
They are dealt with as crude meat, and are consumed alive when the Taliban is ravenous. In the novel, Hassan, a youthful hazara kid, gets assaulted by an alternate kid of his age basically as a result of his society and only in light of the fact that Hasan has spared Aamir from that kid earliar. Ladies are, no doubt utilized within sex trafficing, alongside youthful youngsters. Youngsters are taken from their homes by the Taliban; some even are sold off. At the point when Hassan grows up, he and his wife gets shot by the Taliban for being blamed for lieing.
The Beat Movement was a group formed by writers (such as Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg) who did not conform with the literary standards at the time. They used the word “beat” to describe their free style of writing and their nontraditional crazy way of life (The Beat Movement). Although Bukowski hated and often denied being a part of the Beat Movement, he fit in with this movement due to his honest and humorous style of writing (McCullough). Many of the journalists at that time spoke the truth, but none did it like Bukowski. Bukowski discussed random and important topics such as closeted relationship abuse, society problems, hangovers, horse-racing, and hookers he had met (McCullough).
Many objections to the novel were on the basis of Holden’s use of profanity and mentions of sexuality and sexual exploration, all of which were taboo, especially for women, at the time in which the novel was written. Evidence to support the censorship of The Catcher in the Rye is most often credited to Holden’s frequent use of profanity. Words as "bastard," “hell,” "goddamn," and "Chrissake”, all profane in the society of the 1950’s, were incorporated regularly throughout the novel; a word count claims that The Catcher in the Rye is composite of 785 profanities, including 27 Chrissakes, 7 hornys, as well as numerous damns, craps, and hells (Andrychuk, Sylvia. "J.D. Salinger 's The Catcher in the Rye.”).
Henry Miller is known–maybe alongside Charles Bukowski–to be one of the most obscene authors of the 20th century. The depiction of sexual acts in his books resulted in controversies and even bans in several countries. Due to the vulgarity many readers and ciritics attributed to his name, his work had been neglected by the literary establishment and only recognised in the underground of literature for a long period of time (cf. Jong 132-3). What is more, basically starting with the publication of his first major novel Tropic of Cancerf.