The entire situation is pitiful, especially because it Eurylochus, a trusted advisor and friend to Odysseus, that leads the charge. Homer narrates: “Eurylochus put an evil counsel before his companions: ‘Listen to what I say, my companions, though you are suffering evils’” (XII, 339-341). Eurylochus had acted as a voice of reason for the crew up until this point, being the one to warn Odysseus that something strange was afoot on Circe’s island. Here however, he is the opposite, coaxing his crewmates to do something that they know will lead to death. The primal hunger was so strong that Eurylochus continues to say: “All deaths are detestable for wretched mortals, but hunger is the sorriest way to die and encounter fate” (XII, 341-343).
In the epic poem The Odyssey, Homer portrays Greek gods and goddesses as possessing human qualities and faults. Through their actions and emotions, Homer emphasizes the detrimental effects of lust, envy, wrath, and greed in ancient Grecian society. He also never fails to remind readers of the importance of respect for holy figures because of their powerful abilities to create chaos and wonder". Homer wants to prove that gods and humans share a variety of traits, and the only difference is that god don’t allow these flaws negatively to impact their society. To help further his argument, we can compare Greek gods and goddesses to that of Christianity.
She threatens the other girls with violence if they refuse to go along with her plans, and she does not hesitate to accuse them of witchcraft if their loyalty proves untrue: “Let either of you breathe a word, or the edge of a word, about the other things, and I will come to you in the black of some terrible night and I will bring a pointy reckoning that will shudder you!”(Miller 19). In one of the court scenes, she claims, “Oh, Heavenly Father, take away this shadow!” (Miller 97), to prove that Mary Warren is threatening her with something evil. The hypocritical reference to God in order to trick the individuals in Salem reinforces Abigail’s cunning and devious character and the readers are given a sense of Abigail’s intelligence as she manages to perfectly manipulate the situation to her
They are expected to serve the suitors and put up with their rude demeanor. Furthermore, social traditions like xenia for example are strong, important and sacred. That is the most important reason why Penelope and Telemachus can’t take the suitors out of the palace, despite their disgraceful behavior. This typical realistic scene of Ancient Greece blends with the supernatural throughout the epic. In fact, there are many examples in the Odyssey when fantasy is present in the epic’s reality:
Odysseus receives supernatural help to escape death, thus making him a survivor and someone who will always persist to become victorious when encountering evil. Athena, a goddess who constantly provides supernatural help to Odysseus asks “Why is Poseidon so enraged with you that he sows nothing but disasters in your path? At any rate, he shall not kill you however hard he tries … Here; take this veil and wind it around your waist with its divine protection you need not be afraid of injury or death” (Homer 97). Homer portrays Poseidon as evil because he tries to complicate Odysseus’ journey. This shows the continuity between the natural and supernatural world as Poseidon and Athena who are gods are able to interfere with a life of Odysseus a human.
This act of being too generous, especially to someone Poseidon considers as an enemy has damaged Poseidon’s honor and reputation. Poseidon exclaims to Zeus, “Zeus, Father, I will lose all my honor now / among the immortals, now there are mortal men / who show me no respect—Phaeacians, too, / born of my own loins” (Od. 13.145-48)! This exclamation shows that the act of tending to every needs and granting hospitality to anyone has offended Poseidon and he wants retribution against the slight made by the Phaeacians. Zeus replies to
The Odyssey teaches many interesting themes all through the book. I believe the most evident theme was an individual's relation with the gods. “No, it’s the Earth-shaker, Poseidon, unappeased, forever fuming against him for the cyclops whose giant eye he blinded…” (Zeus/page 79/lines 81-83). This piece of evidence proves that Odysseus’ relationship with Poseidon is very poor. Poseidon
Poseidon immediately hears this wish. Because Polyphemus is his son, Poseidon is enraged and carries out this wish, as demonstrated throughout the book. The phrases “never” and “broken man” indicate that both Polyphemos and Poseidon crave the worst possible fate for Odysseus. Poseidon has clearly conveyed his hatred for Odysseus, fueling his course of action for Odysseus’s destruction. All in all, Poseidon is ensuring that his influence will ruin Odysseus and impact his destiny negatively.
“Fortunate is the man who has never tasted God’s vengeance!” (Sophocles, pg. 215) this statement is about fate, where it is trying to pity Creon as the God’s will curse him because of his unjust law. Although the quote implies “men” Antigone, who is the daughter and sister of Oedipus, is also pitted because the gods have cursed the family. Both Creon and Antigone are unfortunate human beings because the gods are punishing them. Also, due to past disastrous event, specifically when Oedipus killed his father and married his mother, it had angered the gods and cursed the Oedipus’ family.
While Oedipus slanders the gods at every chance given, Creon is more respectful, he listens to what the gods say and follow their instructions, so the chance of yet another plague due to the anger of the gods is unlikely. The destruction that hailed onto Thebes was due to Oedipus’ murder of Laius, but one has to think that perhaps the reason the gods even brought up now was because of his constant smearing of the gods skills and knowledge. Perhaps, if he was more respectful, the price of his murder may have been let off and forgotten, seeing as he is a hero. Yet he brought this anger down on himself, on all of Thebes, and Creon was the one who knew how to fix it not Oedipus. Creon was the one who called for Tiresias, who knew that the gods needed something in return for the cease of the