Positive And Negative Effects Of Tourism

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People love to travel, so much so that in 2008 over 922 million people from different nationalities traveled the world by air, land and sea. (Ibike, 2015) From city holidays to hiking trips, travel can be beneficial in a number of ways for the community, the environment and personal well-being. Tourism has developed an important part of the economic foundation of many countries, especially those with historical culture or natural beauty; that is why tourism is considered the leader in the production of new jobs to many economic levels of the society. In addition, local communities consider tourism a source of pride for them, therefore it allows and motivates them to look at their history and cultural heritage and develop their own community identity. This helps the local residents to maintain their traditions and culture, while also show it with proud for all the visitors. On the other hand, tourism has its negative effects; many of the negative impacts from tourism occur when the amount of visitors is greater than the environment 's ability to cope with the visitor volume. Tourism is a social, cultural and economic phenomenon which entails the movement of people to countries or places outside their usual environment for personal or business/professional purposes. These people are called visitors and tourism has to do with their activities, some of which imply tourism expenditure. (Media.unwto.org, 2015) Indeed, tourism has different benefits on the government, economy
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