Positive And Negative Impact Of Population Growth

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A decade ago, world population was growing by 1.24 per cent per year. Today, it is slowly growing by 1.18 per cent per year, or approximately an additional 83 million people annually. The world population is projected to increase by more than one billion people within the next 15 years, reaching 8.5 billion in 2030, and to increase further to 9.7 billion in 2050 and 11.2 billion by 2100. (Esaunorg, 2015)

This human population growth around the world will affect people through its impact on the economy, environment and standard of living in relation to the country’s development. At this current rate of population growth is now a significant burden to human well-being.

The trend of the population growth in the world is related to the development of the country where, there is a very sharp decline in fertility in the developed countries, and how long it has lasted, has been completely unforeseen. Conversely, developing countries have accounted for 97 percent of this population growth. (Prborg, 2015)
The relationship between population growth and per capita income can be both a positive and negative. It is a positive impact as the expanding population in a country leads to economic development which encourages competition in business activities, stimulating market growth. However, it can also bring a negative impact when there is an increase in population will increase dependency burden (eg. the number of people considered economically unproductive such as elderly and
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