After we had fought the brutal, decimating Civil War, white supremacy in the caused our nation to take two steps further than we were even before the War. Obviously, hearing this, sounds like extreme conflict. Ironically enough though, this major step back in history was called, “The Compromise of 1877.” Unfortunately, this “compromise” did way more harm than good for African Americans. The Compromise of 1877 was a corrupt agreement between three powerful southern states and Rutherford B. Hayes that led to him being elected President and the stripping away from African American rights. After the Civil War, “Lives of black slaves had improved greatly and there was hope for emancipation of slaves in those states.
Numerous people in the South believed that ending slavery in the United States would put the nation’s economy in debt. In general, from U.S. History stated, “Defenders of slavery argued that if all the slaves were freed, there would be widespread unemployment and chaos” (“The Southern Argument for Slavery”). In other words, the defenders of slavery thought setting the slaves free would cause massive destruction around the United States and many of the defenders of slavery used biblical verse to get their point across. Specifically, abolitionists argued that there are no laws protecting slaves and that slave owners held to much power. For example, in 1852 a woman named Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote a book called Uncle Tom’s Cabin to portray those thoughts.
He represented the Republican Party which supported the abolition of slavery. According to Document 6, Abraham Lincoln also supported free territory which meant that he believed slavery should not be legal in new territories admitted to America. As shown in Document 7 most of Lincoln’s support came from the North. Lincoln winning the presidential election caused the South to secede because they did not agree with his ideas of free territory and the abolition of slavery. There were many economic and political factors that caused the South to be angry with the North.
“Their (Mississippi, South Carolina, or Louisiana) framers intended and did disfranchise a majority of their citizenship [deprived them of the right to vote] because of “race and color” and “previous condition”..” [Doc. 7] This lead to the ratification of 15th Amendment. The 15th Amendment protects the right to vote of the emancipated slaves as it says on the document, “the right to vote shall not be denied on the basis of race, color, or previous condition.” The aftermath of civil war, resulted with good economical changes. The slaves used to work on their master’s plantation. However, when they were freed they spread out and became independent.
Although many attempts were made to prioritize freedom and equality for all, these values were undermined by racist Southerners who wouldn’t accept equality. In the end, Reconstruction had failed and former slaves endured another hardship akin to slavery. However, Reconstruction still could have prospered. There are multiple events that, if they had occurred, Reconstruction would not have failed. For example, had the government continued to fund the Freedmen’s Bureau, then the South would have legislated their discriminatory laws much later, if not at all.
Equal Protection involves the 13th and 14th amendment. An issue that they had in the past was slavery. Some people thought that it was not right to have blacks as slave. Even if you were black and free you had no rights to do anything, they were not citizens. Dred Scott is what caused the Civil War, which Abraham Lincoln was President of the northern states.
Because of this, the only ruling in the Constitution that dealt with slavery was the Fugitive Clause which enforced Free states to help recapture runaway slaves who had escaped their masters' states. However, that only further benefited Slave states. Slavery was disputed again when Northern states wanted the government to have complete power over trade with the other nations. Southern states depended heavily on trade and feared that the North would get enough votes to interfere with their slave and agricultural
He also mentioned that Jefferson also worried that the abolishment of slaves would leave the large farming lands that’s dependent mainly on slaves to fail due to the reduced amount of labor work(3). Despite of Jefferson’s thoughts he continued on with his long journey to abolish slavery. In 1776 Jefferson and other founding fathers presented The Declaration of Independence. This was one of Jefferson 's first attempts at abolishing slavery and promoting equality. Unfortunately; representatives from South Carolina, Georgia and some from New England were in disagreement with Jefferson’s words against slavery and didn’t want to sign it.
It was meant to fight against slave owners but not against slavery. President Lincoln knew he did not have the power to end slavery because of how evil it was, but he believes he could end it to keep the Union going. He read the Emancipation Proclamation at the battle of Antietam where the Union had taken the victory. The Proclamation warned all of the Confederacy to surrender or their slaves would be freed. On January 1,1863, he issued the final Emancipation Proclamation.
Opressing and enslaving other cultures that are extotic or foreign to the Untied States has been a large dark stain in the fabric of history of the Unites States that can never be washed away. This is most prevalent in the case of African-Americans who for almost a century were bought, sold and treated like property and their suffering can still be felt to this day. Although slaves were emancipated by the Emancipation Proclamation written by President Lincoln in 1869 they never got the equality that allowed them to live their lives equally up until the late 1960s. Many states were quick to pass oppressive and discriminatory laws called Jim Crow laws, which were designed to systematically oppress African-Americans people and to prevent them