This gives the researcher an opportunity to be better focused on the problem in hand and better identify the analytical process to be used thereof. Cons • One risk associated with secondary data is the fact that its accuracy is sometimes not assured no matter how good the quality of the source. We may not have information about how such data was collected or the scope of the survey. This has a direct impact on the usefulness of the secondary data to one’s own research. • Secondary data is not possible or useful in every situation.
Collecting and analyzing data comes as an essential step in any research to give an end result. In every research a data is the main source of information, whether it is quantitative or qualitative research. According to Anselm Strauss and Juliet Corbin there are three main components of Qualitative research and first one is data which actually comes from “sources like interviews, observations, documents, records and films.”(A Strauss, J Corbin, 1990, p 11-12) Qualitative data are not numeric like in Quantitative data which can be calculated with accuracy. “Qualitative data is extremely varied in nature. It includes virtually any information that can be captured that is not numerical in nature.”(William M.K.
Primary data can be collected through a number of different methods outlined below: Questionnaire: As observed by Collis and Hussey (2003), questionnaire is a record of wisely organised questions, selected after substantial testing, with an opinion to causing dependable replies from a selected sample. There are two types of questionnaires. First is self-administered questionnaires which are managed electronically through the internet or intranet, sent to respondents or delivered by hands to each respondent and gathered later and the second is interviewer administered, recorded on the base of each respondent's reply (Saunders et al.,
Data Collection Method: The data collection methods used in this research objective are: Secondary Data: Articles, Online Data, Magazines, Books, Research Papers, etc. Primary Data: In the primary data, questionnaire was designed to assess the answers and opinions from the individuals regarding the brands which are engaging the customers more. Questionnaire: A questionnaire is a data collection tool designed to collect responses from a targeted sample size in the chosen sample frame. It is an easier option to take a research survey. The questionnaire contains two types of questions: 1.
System quality and information quality have positive effect on user satisfaction and intention to use e-learning system. Service quality has positive effect on perceived ease of use, satisfaction and intention to use e-learning system (Bhuasiri et al.,
expectancy –value model of motivation is intrinsic value (E.M Anderman and L.H. Anderman, 2010, p15). E.M Anderman and L.H. Anderman (2010, p13) enunciate that some treatment of intrinsic motivation emphasizes the affective quality of students’ engagement in an activity- the degree to which they enjoy or derive pleasure from the experience. This kind of motivation keeps students interested in the work they are doing leading to a desirable outcome.
2. DATA COLLECTION IN NURSING RESEARCH Data refers to result/information acquired through assessment interpretation, analysis, reflection, evaluating, computing and so on which are subsequently recorded. The collected data can be in form of a primary, secondary or tertiary records which can be derived from either internal and external sources or both. Hence, making data available to establishments inexhaustible. The choice of data collection strategies is often a challenge to organizations and thus they must be cautious and discerning whenever there is a need to collect data.
5.2 Data Gathering Method Various types of data were collected in the process of research implementation. Data, such as pupils’ work, reflective journal, observation data, interview, questionnaire and photographs, were collected in order to ensure that the result can be analysed and presented accurately. 5.2.1 Before the Implementation of Intervention Questionnaire was given to the targeted group before the implementation of my intervention. The response scale used in the questionnaire is ordinal type. According to Brace (2008), ordinal data are usually found in questionnaires as ranking scales, where respondents are asked to rate the items according to their preference.
1)observation method 2)Interview method 3)Discussion method SECONDARY DATA: When the investigator does not collect data originally for the research enquiry but use data already existed, available in published or unpublished form is called secondary data. Different sources used for collecting secondary data. Books Internet Company report SAMPLE DESIGN: A sample design is the framework or road map, which serves as the basis for the selection of a survey sample and effects many other important aspects of a survey as well. Population: customers from
Methodology: Primary Data vs Secondary Data. Based on review, the researcher practiced most on the secondary data where he collected the information from the previous books, journals, articles, news and internet. Ths can be see through the books of Mintzberg and Waters (serial book and journal from 1972 – 1986), Brunet, J.P.H. Mintzberg and J. Waters: ‘Does planning impede strategic thinking?’, Chandler, A. D.: Strategy and Structure, MIT Press, Cambridge, 1962. and many others.