It proves and authors argues that contemporaneously, remittance contributes more on long run. So, we can say that the positive impact on both short and long run. If a 10% increase in investment included 5.42 percentage rise in the income level of these regions. It proves the remittance had both contemporaneous as
It illustrates that whenever the stock market development increases by 1%, ROE will fall by 0.23%. A highly developed non-banking financial sector may apply competitive pressure on the banking sector since it is discussed that there is a positive association between market capitalisation and competition. This coefficient is not significant with a p-value greater than 0.05 and t-ratio higher than 1.96. Financial market does not have so much influence on profitability of banks. 188.8.131.52 Real growth rate For economic growth the coefficient is negative which explain that a fall of 1% in economic growth would result in a reduction of 0.735%.
This is reflected in the differential economic growth achievements of different states of the country. Several socio-economic factors are involved in this process. One major growth driver which has attracted the attention of researchers in recent years is the quality of governance obtained in different states and its impact on economic growth outcomes. It will be of interest to know that extent to which differences in the quality of governance influence the regional employment outcomes. The correlation coefficient between index of quality of governance and state GDP is 0.413 and between index of quality of governance and employment growth is 0.525, which are moderately positive.
Akhavein at el. (1997) had conducted a study about the effects of megamergers on efficiency and prices evidence from a bank profit function. Bank mergers have the potential to increase profitability through increases in cost efficiency, profit efficiency, or market power in setting prices. In addition, cost ratios and cost efficiency generally found that the potential for cost efficiency improvement was not realized for most mergers. There have been no academic studies of the profit efficiency effects of mergers and very little research on the market power effects of bank mergers.
The overall literature review shows three main categories of positions: the proponents, who argue for a positive effect of microcredit on poor, opponents, who argue for a negative effect and some researchers who took both sides. Thus, Mahabub Hossain in his study emphasizes how Grameen bank in Bangladesh has achieved to increase well- being of its customers. He found that Grameen bank has improved the livings standards of more than 90 percent of a people who took part in the survey (Hossain, 1998). Other studies of Pitt and Khandker have estimated positive impact of microcredit on borrower’s consumption in Bangladesh, in particular female borrowers. For every additional 100 taka borrowed, the annual household consumption expenditure has increased by 18 taka for women and 11 taka for men ( Pitt and
The military coup in Thailand is insignificant effect on the remittances inflows to the region, implying that the military coup does not affect the remittance directly but indirectly through the economic recession in the country. Within our studied period, few events happened and might impact on the remittance. Obviously, the global financial crisis and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronavirus are resulted to be significant
It has been accounting for some 80% of the annual volume of exports. Nevertheless, high income countries remain important to Vietnamese export trade. However, the augmented gravity model highlights the fact that high-labor productivity countries are not significant to Vietnam’s export trade. They suggest that Vietnam can continue to use its low labor cost advantage. From previous literature on Vietnamese trade shows although the sign is negative, geographical distance is shown not to be a good proxy for trade cost.
A successful accomplishment in a project does not indicate that beneficiaries will avail the same extent. Therefore, the topic is seeking solution mechanisms to narrow down the gap of the functional failure of projects. The issue of sustainability and functional failure of water supply systems is not the concern of Ethiopia only, since developing economies, especially sub-Saharan African countries, have shared the same problem. In the region, the non-functionality rate of systems could rise to 50% (Chaka, 2011, Jones, 2011, and Harvey, 2007&2008). The water supply coverage in their countries is still below 70%.
A high net profit margin ratio means DiGi.Com Berhad obtaining lower expenditures or costs involved in executing sales activities. Moreover, refer to figure 2.3, return on asset ratio on 2010 to 2014 shows positive value, except 2012 was slightly lower value with 79.66 per cent. Normally, a higher return on asset ratio means effective management’s decision to generate profit regardless of resources. Besides, return on owner’s equity is show positive value, which means the success of business in generating profit, especially in 2014 with 301.54 per cent. In overall, DiGi.Com Berhad was in stable position of probability ratios and the company was able to generate profits within a specified
He found that domestic resources have a stronger impact on growth of the country compared to foreign aid and foreign aid did not show any significant contribution to growth. Similarly, Hussain (2014) analyzed the effect of foreign aid on economic growth of Bangladesh by taking 33 years’ data on foreign aid. He finds that foreign aid has positive effect on economic growth of Bangladesh. He also concluded that aid generates decreasing returns in Bangladesh because of the inability of Bangladeshi institutions to use the foreign aid