In this paper I will demonstrate that ethical tourism is the better option that guarantees a stable economic growth while keeping cultural integrity and environmental protection. Even though mass tourism accounts for the rise in employment and gross national product, its economic benefits become marginal as social and environmental costs increase. I will show that ecotourism and pro-poor tourism, as forms of ethical and responsible tourism, contribute to the conservation of the wildlife heritage and to the development of a sustainable growth. Mass tourism concerns all those activities that include shifting of large groups of tourists, high volume of sales, utilization of holiday packages and development of infrastructure and transportation systems. After the second World War, mass tourism increased substantially.
Here transnational institutions as the World Bank have a negative impact on health by promoting market-oriented concepts of health sector reforms, favoring private provision and financing. This leads to an increase of out-of-pocket payments by individuals, making health a private good which is dependent on the free market (Labonté & Schrecker, 2007). Globalization therefore has positive and negative effects on SDH. In order to balance these
i) Trade liberalization promotes free trade between countries by removing tariffs and non-tariff barrier on the exchange of goods. The reduction of tariff and non-tariff barriers includes tax charged on imported goods, licensing rules, quotas and other requirements (1). Trade liberalization benefits a nation by lowering price for the scarce resources which enables domestic firms to create more products and foster economic growth. The other advantage is that countries involved in free trade can specialize in production based on comparative advantage for goods. From academic research of rapid development in Asia around the 1990s; the reduction of trade barrier and growth showed positive relationship.
David J. telfer & Richard accept that tourism impact destinations in developing countries, where the difference in cultural and economic characteristics between local people and, primarily, relatively wealthy western tourists is likely to be greatest (WTO 1981). At the same time in respect it would be considered unfortunate for tourism not to have some socio- cultural consequences on destinations; as a catalyst of development, tourism is usually promoted with the purpose of economic and social betterment. Moreover, tourism is seen by some as a means of achieving greater international harmony and understanding (WTO 1980) although, perhaps inevitably, it is the negative (and, frequently, emotive) socio-cultural impacts of tourism that attract
Immigration contributes critically to the economy of the host country, either positively or negatively. This paper has argued that immigration should be encouraged in order to improve the host country’s economy because there are obvious benefits to the economy of the host country in terms of state revenue, the labor market, and country development. Although, some might argue that immigration leads to mass deportation, and an increase on border-patrol budget as well as a decrease in the wages of native-born, high-skilled workers. As discussed before, immigration increases gross domestic product and provide cheap services, enabling high-skilled, indigenous workers to focus on their work more, rather than doing domestic jobs, such as house cleaning. Moreover, immigrants create innovations, such as Google, and they increase the number of scientist in the U.S. As a suggestion, the host country should inspire companies to employ workers depending on their experience, so immigrants have a great opportunity to compete with the natives.
Successful advertising movements such as the “All you need is Ecuador” campaign have generated results and prizes as recently the country was awarded for the best tourism video of the Americas by the World Tourism Organisation. In 2014 all this investment caused a 14% increase in International tourist arrivals, growing three times faster than the world average. There are a number of reasons as to why tourism is beginning to flourish in Ecuador. It has been recognised as one of the countries with the greatest megadiversity in the world per square metre. Almost 8% of amphibian species, 5% of reptile species, 8% of mammal species, and 16% of bird species on Earth can be found in Ecuador, a country that makes up only 0.2% of the world’s land area.
According to UNWTO “over the decades, tourism has experienced continued growth and deepening diversification to become one of the fastest growing economic sectors in the world.” In Belize, tourism is one of the growing industries that has to a large extent, a great influence on the economy. The tourism industry has demonstrated success and commitment to maintain the authenticity of its attractions fostering attractive platforms for investors looking to cater the growing number experience-Based tourist. Yet tourism is not the only successful industry in Belize, there is the citrus industry, sugar industry, banana industry and also the marine industry which help the economy. Therefore tourism does indeed help the development of Belize because it provides jobs, nevertheless tourism is seasonal, therefore it only provides jobs for certain season such a summer, Easter and Christmas. This agreeing with Paul that, “the tourism industry seems to be the most efficient branch of the economy in generating jobs and income in less developed, peripheral countries / regions, where development opportunities are limited.” (2012, p2) Belize being a developing country it is where tourism is necessary for the growth of the economy.
The global economy has been in a rapid growth in the last decades, although there has been periods of recessions, nonetheless it is undeniable that the produce and goods we enjoy today are only possible due to an intricate system of international commerce as well as the manufacturing capabilities of recently industrialized nations. However if we view the state of affairs a hundred years ago we recognize that there were significant developments in the early 20th leading till today. Colonialism and protectionism are the key traits of the global economy in early 20th century. Thanks to the increase in foreign investments, as well as the decrease in transportation costs, the European colonial powers shifted progressively towards its colonies to
Therefore, this study attempts to test for the previous studies using other countries which have different result compared to Malaysia. Hence, this study will focus only on FDI at Malaysia. 1.2 Problem statement In Budget 2013, the Prime Minister announced from the first focus the boosting investment activity stated to transform Malaysia from producer to a global integrated trading hub 3 for oil and gas industry. The existence of valuable mineral resources, such as oil and natural gas make blessed Malaysia to get more revenue from oil and gas. Therefore, the government have to undertake several strategic measures to enhance the nation’s capability, particularly in providing an ecosystem to support the development of the chain of refining, storage and trading.
Specialists and professionals have debated as to why a persistent rift is transpiring despite efforts to reduce the gap between these two, and one factor that can hold accountable for is globalization. With the current power and influence of core countries, there is an easier diffusion of their beliefs and culture to the peripheries. Because of the wealth they possess, these Western nations are capable of developing themselves, while leaving poor nations to pointlessly attempt to imitate them. Moreover, the peripheries’ vulnerabilities prevent them from progressing, and keep them dependent to these dominant nations. The hegemony has been manifested for a long time now and this has caused vexations for the affected nations, consequently and gradually creating what is now known as global terrorism.
An $8.8 million grant was provided to "promote education and understanding ... in a society that had largely ignord the history of its original inhabitants" (The Cairns Post, 1996). Pro-poor tourism is an approach to sustainable tourism that was applied to the Park to increase economic income and value to the Djabugay culture. It should be noted that "pro-poor" does not necessarily refer Djabugay peoples as 'poor ', but rather a strategy to increase net benefits to the area. Pro-poor tourism was first established as an approach to ecotourism in 1999 by the United Nations Commission in a meeting on Sustainable Development. Pro-poor tourism is a subject of debate because it has been argued that it is controlled by private sectors and foreign companies, enhancing leakage in the Multiplier Effect.