Nationalism made itself prominent during the 19th century while the continent attempted to maintain peace. Before explaining its impact on European history, it is best to explain the belief system itself. Nationalism is the ideology that people of a similar nationality or culture should unite in their culture and beliefs. Their political beliefs are that each political group should have political autonomy, as well as a tendency to favor liberal or democratic ideals. Along with shared political views, nationalists tended to unite with the economic views with liberals.
The theory of American Exceptionalism is meant to show that although America is similar to other countries in many ways, it has distinct qualities that establish its own identity and portrays it as a unique nation founded on personal liberty. Bender’s third chapter revolves around the era of the Civil War, in which he views the war as having inspired a feeling of “national belonging.” This supports American philosopher Orestes Brownston’s ideas, which show that “the struggle for national unity and integrity” allowed the nation to gain “a distinct recognition of itself.” Bender argues in this chapter what nineteenth-century political thinkers thought, which is that “Without unity, there was no nation; without a nation, there was no liberty.”
He justifies the need for democracy, aristocracy and monarchy depending on location. The three philosophers use their judgment and prior knowledge on each other’s work to validate an ideal society, especially for the uprising continent of America. Governments are an established institution in every society. Though there are multiple types of governments, their purpose is fundamental to determining the influence on a civilization. Thomas Paine opposes the ideology of government, stating that, “Society in every state is a blessing, but government even in its best state is but a necessary evil,” (Paine 3).
Democratic-Republicans fundamentally understood the United States as a confederation of diverse entities or states that unified under specific common interests . Those in the party opposed the creation of a national bank and favored relations with the French as opposed to the Federalist who cared more for the British. The party received much success with four presidential candidates, a strong focus on supporting the middle class, and expanding the United States through the Louisiana Purchase of 1803
A person could argue that freedom creates its own problems and that people are at times abusive of these. However, we live in a country that has these freedoms so valued, it can be found in our national anthem. While there may be always abuses made upon it, we can only hope that the United States will always continue to be the land of the free and the home of the brave. Understanding the importance of freedom and why we have to continually fight for it, is to look at all the ways it has been fought for. Whether it be religion, race, gender equality, right to vote; one thing is for certain, these freedoms came at a cost.
Nationalism is an important factor of many nations because it is what keeps many people from leaving a country ad gives them the sense of pride and patriotism. Many countries believe in different forms of a nation like a civic nation is multicultural and adapts to a different form of culture and tradition. There is also an ethnic nation which is a very closed and shares the same ethnicity, culture, and language. Some of the most important factors that I believe form a nation is National symbols because it is what represents a nation in many different events or celebrations within a country/nation. In addition to this factor, another important factor of nationalism is the important historical event that may have taken place in the past that
Racial nationalism are set to believe that people are held together by common skin color and blood type for the government of self. While civic nationalism is said to be identified as “political and social equality for all irrespective of race.” However, the two contradicted each other, they were combined together for the rooseveltian nation, which Gerstle stated in his book, “ a nation whose outlines are discernible in the first two decades of the twentieth century and whose character would define American society from the mid 1930s to the mid-1960s.”(pg.8). We later on find out that Gerstle believed that the wars during that time sharpen us for the nation we live in now against the enemies we face. “ Wars provided opportunities to sharpen American national identity against external enemies who threatened the nations exestince, to transform millions of Americans whole loyalty was uncertain into ardent
It takes a lot to become an ideal nation, but during the pregnancy of America, great men in history had the same idea of what it takes to become an ideal nation. Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry both agree that liberty is what makes a nation an ideal nation. However, people like Thomas Paine believes that other ideas are more important in creating an ideal nation, Thomas Jefferson believes that to become an ideal nation, there must be liberty. When Jefferson was drafting the Declaration Of Independence, he states, “...that among these are life, liberty, & the pursuit of happiness..,”. Jefferson emphasizes the importance of liberty by putting it in the first lines of one of the most important documents in American history.
Jay emphasized, “ people of America that they should, to all general purposes, be one nation, under one federal government, or that they should divide themselves into separate confederacies”. Jay definitely believes that the first option is the best which is to unite under one strong government. Jay also answered argument from some politicians that argued that the country should not have a central government and that the states should be divided and separated as sovereign states. Jay answers that the country is united in many different aspects. He wrote, “With equal pleasure I have as often taken notice that Providence has
America’s identity is defined differently by every individual. Ideally it was to be a place of freedom and acceptance, identified by its message of liberty and hard-work, however the question arises whether America is a melting pot in which only one culture dominates or it a mosaic of many peoples’ histories. America’s potential and true identity lies within its ability to assimilate and create a natural individualism despite race, class, and immigration standing. A country as powerful and influential as America is within industry, politics, and socioeconomics cannot be abstract in definition. To hold this type of power, a nation must be united under a set of beliefs important to its people.