In this essay, PATA and United Nations, an international and supranational organisation respectively, will be evaluated on their roles, responsibilities and on how they implement sustainable tourism planning and policies, how the destination is affected from the intervention of these organizations and how effective the impact was. Besides that, the involvement in tourism at international level and the three aspects of sustainable tourism will be discussed as well. Tourism is a vital role for national development, therefore leading to the intervention of international organizations to expand the tourism industry nationally or internally by developing the social and natural environment. On international level, efforts are more focused on marketing
Introduction Tourism is one of the largest economic sectors worldwide and fastest-growing industries nowadays. One of the major issue and growing global significance is climate change. The importance of tourism and outdoor activities, and the interrelation especially significant for recreation is weather and climate. Climate influences the temporal distribution of tourists throughout the year, and defined the environmental context for example flora, fauna, resources such as rivers or glaciers in tourism activities development. For some destinations, they are the main reason for the tourists to travel to the regions for certain climatic characteristics marketed as an attraction (ref).
The tourism industry has been developing rapidly and has been changing at a fast pace. As more people are fond of passing their time in nature, ecotourism has become the quickest developing segments. Thus, it creates chances characterized by natural attractions, wildlife and wilderness habitats. It aims to preserve and maintain development in the economy so that the local communities may benefit from it (Libosada, 2007). In addition, ecotourism will not only open business opportunities but may also generate funds which can support both environmental projects and ecotourism destinations development.
Peric (2005), said that improving the infrastructure supports to promote the rural area. In return, by improving healthcare, education and sanitation, they are indirectly also improving the standards of living of the people living there. Furthermore, the constructions of higher standards hotels, resorts and villas helps accommodate coming visitors increases the hospitality service which will attract them to visit again some other time. Due to the increase of tourists, the constructions of new buildings, souvenir shops and restaurants will also provide new job opportunities for
These impacts being social, cultural, economic and environmental. To develop local tourism huge money must be invested in the heritage of a specific place, the upkeep of local facilities and the improvement of infrastructure. With all of these societal changes better education is developed, technological advances are made, general welfare is boosted and new tax revenue is generated. By new tourists coming in from all parts of the world the locals get the chance to “interact with the tourists, mix with people from diverse backgrounds which creates a cosmopolitan culture in the region” (Mdusm, Prince). The growth of an economy, due to the demand of better services and growing social atmosphere, employment opportunities are created which causes locals to stay in the inner city rather than travel to other areas to earn their living.
As a result, the more wildlife lives, the more destination attracts visitors. Turning to the second benefit, wildlife habits are improved and restored. Besides, the other benefits are conservation breeding and population maintenance. NCWOR tourism marks a clear change from the traditional consumptive uses of wildlife resources. However, according to Wagar, using wildlife in tourism is as an experience rather than a tangible product and in the future, more and more people will use this resources and become abuse because this tourism can be a factor leading to be consumptive of the wildlife resource such as gaming hunting or fishing.
Travelling is one of the most valuable and enriching experiences in our lives; increasing our knowledge, opening our minds, enriching our spirits, extending new moral values; and you can find many destinations in the world that would fulfill your desires. Thousands and thousands of people are travelling every day to new places, whether it is for leisure, educational or health purposes. Some people use travelling as a means of releasing stress while some do it as a hobby. Tourism brings people close around the globe while helping to enhance the status of various countries. Most tourist sites have gained their names as UNESCO heritage sites, mostly because tourists have and are still visiting those areas.
“Going green” has become a trend that can only help the cause; making ecotourism a vital and invaluable business. We have established that ecotourism is a fairly new concept in Dubai. With the rapid development of country and its infrastructure a huge toll has been put on the wildlife and heritage. This reinforces the notion that ecotourism is a great way to promote tourism while decreasing the damage that will be caused by further economic development. Many more attractions have been centered on the natural environment like Dessert safaris, horse riding, bird watching, and surfing creating various tourist activities, whilst leaving the environment unscathed.
1.1 Overview of Tourism Tourism is the temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence. It involves the motivations and experiences of the tourists, the expectations and adjustment made by residents of reception areas, and the roles played by the numerous agencies and institutions which intercede between them. (F, 2010) Tourism is a commercial activity hence, brings socio-economic benefits to the community in terms of faster economic growth, larger employment opportunities, income generation, balanced development of backward areas and weaker sections, and sustainable human development. 1.2 What is Eco-tourism? Eco tourism is an activity that focusses on natural and cultural product while striving
Polluted air from tourist transportation has impacts on the global level, especially from carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions related to transportation energy use. And it can contribute to severe local air pollution. Some of these impacts are quite specific to tourist activities. When the number of tourist increases it is certain that not only the mode of transportation should have more facilities but also it has to increase its capacity leading to more number of vehicles and aeroplanes which means greater pollution of