Planning a solution requires brainstorming and applying certain solution devising techniques, such as; brainstorming and application of solution devising techniques, potential solutions to the problem is created. Afterward, the suggested possible solution to the problem is streamlined to the most practical and effective solution. The final set of solutions or solution should be adopted and subsequently, stated in a clear and concise action plan for implementing the
The aim is to determine the relevance and fulfilment of objectives, efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability. Often evaluation is seen separately from the program but it must be considered as an integral part of the program design as it will help check the progress of the program regularly and understand if there are changes in the situation or has the program deviated from its initial goals. Thus, by incorporating the above component in the design it may be easier to define when evaluation can be done and determines the various stages at which it can be carried out. Thus while designing an evaluation some of the key questions that can be taken into consideration are the purpose of evaluation, for whom is the evaluation, resources available to collect the relevant data. If these are taken into consideration it will be easier to evaluate the program.
Empowering others to act on the vision and remove obstacles Establish the structure for change to take place and continually check for barriers that may obstruct the change process. Removing any obstacles can empower the organization members that are needed to carry out the vision, and it can help the change move forward and closer to completion. The changing of systems or structures that seriously undermine the vision must occur. Leaders must also encourage risk taking and non traditional ideas, activities and actions. 2.
Also, a good leader should take into account the wishes and ideas of those who will implement it.It is based on objective indicators of the effectiveness of both the intermediate and final results. A good plan- it is the success of the project. However, if you cannot identify the main elements of the plan, it is necessary to postpone the start of the project and get more relevant information. Also, if you will read
The first and the most important phase is preparation. It is important to come up with more options in case the one we really want does not work out. There are three aspects that we should take into consideration. Firstly, setting the objectives. It is very important to set objectives which are realistic and possible to reach.
The plan and process need to encourage and develop the skills for those achievable outcomes. Furthermore, prioritising these goals and setting short term manageable levels, maintains motivation and positivity and develops confidence. The planning process is intended to encourage participation and accountability. g. Evaluation
As recent studies emphasize that effective leader is more than manager. In other words, they have vision, and improve common vision, and value the contributions and efforts their colleagues in the institution. A leader should realize good ideas, actively support them, and encourage work. In addition, sometimes good leaders have to draw upon their experience and mentors to help in these complicated situations. They have a set of unique talents, and they have a point of view that no one else has.
Having a program theory can help understand the status of a program and can assist in identifying the type of evaluation that can be done and also if it is in the beginning of a program the design phase can use the program theory to ensure that preconditions for its success is put in place. It also helps in selecting the hypothesis to explore and measure in a systematic manner A sound program theory can help identify problems in the design whether in the theory of action or theory of change and help identify stages of implementation where monitoring and evaluation needs to be done by looking at critical aspects that are to be monitored with respect to inputs process outcomes and any key factors that may affect the outcome and to ensure that the program is working well and on track. It can also help identify key evaluation questions regarding the program. Thus, having a sound program theory will help us identify which part of the causal links failed and the reasons. It will help judge assumptions that were made during the design phase and help make judgements of whether a particular outcome needs to be evaluated as the activities were designed during the program theory and the various success criteria were defined along with the program and non-program factors for the intended outcome and since
The answer is through Good Management. How to make organisations better to achieve progress of success? The answer is through Better Management. Thus, while Good Management is indispensable to run an organisation soundly to achieve the success Better Management is indispensable to improve an organisation continuously to achieve progress of success. From traditional perspective and modern perspective as well with regard to Organisational Management it consists of several functional fields including Production Management (new label is Operations Management), Marketing Management, Financial Management, and Personnel Management (new popular label is Human
Tosi and Stephen J. Carroll and Douglas McGregor as well as more contemporary scholars like Conny Antoni who supported management by objectives in his article “Management by objectives – an effective tool for teamwork?” in 2005. He stressed mainly on the commitment of group towards the achievement of goals in order to promote the satisfaction of employees and boost productivity ( Antoni, 2005: 174–84). Rreviews done on the gains and flaws of management by objectives are several, Henry J. Tosi and Stephen J. Carroll (1973) are said to have done one of the best reviews on the strengths of management by objectives. They focused on the fact that management by objective improves communication between managers and subordinates, stresses collaborative efforts between managers and subordinates which aids in planning and that it also improves the performance review and evaluation process by focusing on results and providing systematic feedback amongst many others. According to Drucker (1955:36), the greatest advantage of management by objective is that it allows the manager to control his own performance.