One of the purposes of implementing the virtual reality learning plan as regards to Lewin’s change model is that it helps to create and establish an understanding of the plan accordingly and specifically. As explained in the model, the Unfreeze phase helps to present the plan to school staffs to get them to recognize the need for change and to search for new solutions. This event is the compound that creates the pressure for movement of attitude or thinking, and for change to occur. And the key to this unfreezing catalyst is communication. Secondly, the change phase, which looks for new and better ways to do things.
Positive Reinforcement Parents use positive reinforcement to develop their children's behavior in school, home or anywhere. Parents give their children rewards, praise or merits to show that the behavior they have exhibited is pleasant towards them causing the child to re-enact their behavior. Using positive reinforcement may help the child to be mature and dispel bad behavior. It also help the child to excel more in their academic performance and achieve better grades and test scores. Showing positive comments and feedback to the child may encourage the child to do more.The purpose of this paper was to explore behavior modification by using rewards to encourage positive, observable behavior changes in students (Diedrich,2010).
Differentiation, with respect to instruction, means tailoring it to meet individual needs of the students. Teachers can differentiate content, process, products, or the learning environment, the use of ongoing assessment and flexible grouping makes this a successful approach to instruction. Teachers differentiate the four classroom elements based on student readiness, interest, or learning profile. (Tomlinson 2000). Differentiated instruction can be known as an organizing framework in teaching and learning which calls for a major restructuring in the classroom and syllabus, if done in the proper way, its benefits will transgress the costs.
Students with learning disabilities should be included in the “normal” classroom because it improves their academic performance, social behavior, and communication language. One reason why students with learning disabilities should be in the normal classroom is that inclusion improves their academic performance. In the article “Outcomes for Students With Learning Disabilities in Inclusive and Pullout Programs”, researchers in education programs conducted a study to compare the students’ academic behavior between inclusive and special schools. Throughout their study, the researchers took several factors into
However, it is just as important to recognise and reward positive behaviour by those children who always behave well. By emphasising positive behaviour in the classroom and explaining why, e.g. “look at child X, who is listening well, as they always do”, we are encouraging this behaviour, as we recognise and praise the child for behaving well. This can then improve the behaviour of other children as it is promoting a positive role
When a student displays appropriate behavior the teacher should recognize their action. By stating a positive comment, a student will continue to exhibit the desirable behavior. Teachers should recognize a students positive behavior A procedure prevents a student from misbehaving Teachers say positive comments Teachers demonstrate positive actions Students needs
The importance of good lesson planning and the benefits they have for the teacher. When considering the importance and even the significant of effective lesson planning, quite often we immediately considering the benefits that this can have on the student. Effective lesson planning certainly does benefit the student, discussed later in this essay. The benefits of planning for the teacher However, the teacher benefits of planning must also be considered. This means an effective class and raised teaching standard which in-turn improves the overall motivation of the teacher.
Since the education reform movement identified “good discipline” as a correlate of good schools and teachers a greater attention has been focused on discipline (Shumate & Wills, 2010). The key to behavior modification and without doubt its greatest contribution to an overall plan for dealing with maladaptive behavior, is its advocacy of the use of rewards. The behavior is strengthened by immediate reinforcement, positive or negative. A positive reinforcement can be various forms of praises and rewards given to the student when a satisfied behavior shown, while negative reinforcements is when a student displays a maladaptive behavior their reward is taken away (Gage, Scott, Hirn & MacSuga Gage, 2018). Also, reinforcements and punishments are used immediately after an inappropriate behavior is emitted.
1.3 Research Hypotheses This study proposes the hypotheses that teachers, who are exposed to peer observation process are more likely to improve in their everyday life. Whereas the other hypothesis proposed is that , teachers who are not exposed to a process of observation, face problems in their professional development. Additionally, this study makes attempt to respond to questions in finding out the way to enhance teaching and learning via process of peer observation. Moreover it helps to show the right characteristics of a good Peer Observer as well as cooperative methods and new ways of gaining improvement in teaching and learning English as a second language During the research the theoretical part is conducted with collection of
They defined formative assessment as a concept that teachers use information from activities to determine the next steps in learning and teaching. In their viewpoints, the information from a formative assessment actually is used to adjust instruction ‘to meet students’ needs”. In other words, these adjustments were not only to be made in the instruction but they needed to work. Likewise, Brown (2004) also stated this point in his definition. He defines formative assessment as “evaluating students in the process of ‘forming’ their competencies and skills with the goal of helping them to continue that growth
In other words, when schools adopt a proactive and efficient approach to intervention, they have been able to pursue other initiatives and further improve the quality of education provided to students (Simonsen et al., 2008). The goal of implementing PBIS into schools is to establish a climate in which students perform appropriate behaviors as the norm. When teaching behavioral expectation to students the benefits of rewarding students for following those expectations is much more positive than waiting for misbehaviors to occur and using different avenues to attempt and render the negative