Birth Order and its Impacts on Personality Development Human psychological development being a complex system is affected by number of potential internal and external stimuli. Starting from the simple prenatal period to environment exposure until 5 years, greatly shape a child’s personality. Out of these the one of the commonly neglected factor is birth order. So what is birth order and how it determines and influences the personality development? Birth Order: “It is an order or a sequence in which a child born to a
DEVELOPMENT PSYCHOLOGY: REFLECTIVE ESSAY In life of an individual there are several developmental changes or events which occur as continuity of span of life. Some of life developmental stages include infantile, adolescence, maturity, and adulthood. These phases have biological, social, psychological and physiognomic reasons to which an individual completed the course of life. Psychological analysis upon the developmental stages include the focus on characterization, demarcation and the social interaction of individual’s life (Baltes & Schaie, 2013). Adolescence is the stage which has more potential and energetics but with all positive aspects this stage has some developmental events which need to be observe and controlled for making a normal and good personality.
Overall, studies of temperament and parent adolescent conflict suggest that higher levels of difficult child temperamental characteristics (even at very young ages) are associated with more frequent parent-adolescent conflict. Behavior problems are also associated with parent-adolescent
Most children are entering foster care in the early years of life when brain growth and development are most active. It is known that emotional and cognitive disruptions in the early lives of children have the potential to impair brain development. Child maltreatment during infancy and early childhood has been shown to negatively affect child development, including brain and cognitive development, attachment, and academic achievement. The experiences of infancy and early childhood provide the organizing framework for the expression of children 's intelligence, emotions, and personalities. When those experiences are primarily negative, children may develop emotional, behavioral, and learning problems that persist throughout their lifetime, especially in the absence of targeted interventions.
This leads to the formation of new synapses. This means when you feel valued the next time, the positive feeling will be stronger. Norman Doidge has shown that the human brain is a fascinating thing and is a lot more flexible than you know. The above-mentioned tips will enable you to change the functions of the brain in a positive
When transitioning from an adolescent to an adult, one will undergo drastic changes that allow room for the challenges and responsibilities ahead. For example, one of the largest cognitive changes that takes place in this period is the enlarging of the prefrontal cortex. This brain structure functions in decision-making, which is an essential criterion of entering adulthood. Another cognitive difference seen between adolescents and young adults is the brain's activation of the limbic system, an area that functions more towards the emotional and social sides of cognition. The overuse of this brain area during adolescence is linked with insecurities and often socioemotional distress; however, as one matures into adulthood they tend to outgrow these thought processes and develop a better sense of higher-ordered thinking.
Furthermore, Erikson’s psychosocial theory, which perceives conflicts between the individual and society as necessary instigators of growth, states that conflicts that are attended to and resolved, allows one to move to a higher stage of development as we just saw. We just spoke about all the positive effects that one can have when successfully navigating Erikson’s stages, but what if one was not successful? negative effects can occur, leading to increased behavioral problems throughout life. These issues can lead children to develop identities into adulthood that are filled with feelings of guilt, inferiority, confusion, isolation, stagnation, and finally, despair. Erikson has influenced an array of developmental theorists, researchers, and psychotherapists and continues to be a major force in the psychological world (Feist, 2013, p. 239).
During the years of adolescence, people tend to distinguish trauma because there are a lot of new, divergent changes in this particular stage of life. Adolescents are especially sensitive to the effects of trauma, and trauma can have an immense impact on their development. Adolescents are discovering their identities, which can result in them engaging in hazardous behavior and experience a variety of emotions. Teenagers facing trauma is very important, due to the fact that significant emotional and physical growth occurs. Experiencing trauma will change his or her perspectives of life, affect one 's growth, and have lifelong impacts.
The aforementioned five personality traits would be developed in childhood and adolescence. However the evidence of minor changes in neuroticism and agreeableness seems to translate to the sociocultural view of maturity. One can perceive the significance of physical decline and illness in adulthood is high due to the realisation of mortality in this latter stage of life. Physical changes ranging from menopause to dementia have serious psychosocial implications relating to relationships and self-esteem. Conclusion In summary, adulthood cannot be categorized as balanced and free of changes as it is comprised
They may begin to feel or wonder will they fit into society and where and actually will they be accepted into society. As a teenager is searching to find who they are they may drift from different peer groups, go through phases or also go through different personality, behaviour stages but this is a positive thing according to Erik Erickson. This is important because it is all in the process of forming a strong identity and also a sense of direction in their lives. It is important for parents or guardians to be support through this exploration stage of their child’s life, as a child will remember this support as they become older and also it may contribute to who they may become. Whilst in the crisis of identity vs role confusion an adolescent may become concerned how they appear to others.
you see that these traits that define adolescence make us more adaptive, both as individuals and as species”(Dobbs). Dobbs is describing that the traits that we have as kids, help us come of age and be mature adults. When kids are young they really do not know the difference between moral and wrong, but that is what we must understand when we advance in our years of life. Overcoming the stage of adolescence in our life is a big step, and a huge part of coming-of-age. Becoming more mature than adolescence is a part of life.