Positivism Theory

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The beginning of knowledge emanates from metaphysics, theological and positivism. And these put much on a critical stance in the discourse of method. Little (2011), explains that method is a prescriptive body of doctrines to guide inquiry. The ideal of understanding social world underlies in whether to embrace and use principles and guiding procedures of the natural world where positivism dominates in the epistemological deliberation. Atkinson & Hammersley (2007), explain that this method has a considerable influence onto social scientist, in promoting the status of survey research and the quantitative analysis According to Bryman (2002), Bryman and Bell (2003) positivism is an epistemological position which calls for the application of the…show more content…
This means that realities and knowledge are confirmed through scientific and systematic investigation. In positivism studies, researchers are completely independent from the study and there are no provisions for human interests within his or her studies. According to Crowther and Lancaster (2008), as a general rule, positivist studies normally adopt deductive approach). Positivism relies on scientific evidence drawn from experiments and quantified facts which target to reflect the dynamics and picture of the social world. Positivism holds the principles of both inductive and deductive which mean that the latter tests hypotheses and the former gathers knowledge that is reached through gathering of evidence. It relies on scientific facts drawn from experimentation and facts that can be quantified and gives meaning to the dynamics in the social world. It holds the principle of both deductive and inductive which implies that the latter tested hypotheses and the former collects knowledge which is arrived by collecting facts. Further, positivism underpins the central principle of value laden free which is not subjective. Positivism postulates objectivism (Bryman 2002). Despite being objective, positivist is…show more content…
The social world is indefinitely multi-stranded therefore seeks explanation through observation. The social world as a domain of phenomena is fundamentally divergent from the natural world, in respect of its degree of law governedness (Little 1993). Marxist method asserts that the social world is notordered. Therefore, natural law is normally governed by a certain causation and itseffects are not adequate enough to explain how the composed is the social world. Little (2011)elucidated that Marxist’s view on social inquiry is underpinned in a summation of many cross-cutting and different and processes, structures and institutions driven by the meaningful actions of persons, within given material and cultural institutions that bear contingent and sometimes accidental relations to each other. Marxists think that methods try to focus on the world plurality. Marxist and Positivism share similarities as the critical realist approach view by Marxism adhere also to have empiricism, unity of science and causal laws. Empiricism emphasizes that the appropriate way to understand the social world is by focusing on both theoretical thinking and reasoning and empirical
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