Positivism Vs Interpretivism Research

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Positivism vs. Realism vs. Interpretivism Research Philosophy
According to positivist paradigm, data that has undergone empirical observation and is explained by means of logical analysis falls under the category of positivism. Therefore, nullifying the harsh external reality of world , be it psychological trauma induced due to poverty , to ever escalating crime rates etc. However, interpretivists also tend to believe that the subjective analysis of the events, unravel the real face of the events.
In philosophy, the term realism is defined as the acceptance of reality just the way it is and every entity exists independently, despite our theories regarding them. Positivism is complementary with natural sciences’ experiments, mean while, conducting
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This happens, usually, prior to conceiving any conceptual knowledge or relationship hypothesis. This means of research, aids in determining the best research design, data collection method and selection of subjects, all this takes place primarily to explanatory relationship posit Explanatory research is research conducted in order to elucidate the research question, and is systematically explained. This area deals with ‘how, when and why’ subdivision of a research, and is , typically, carried out by means of questionnaires, group discussions, interviews, random sampling,…show more content…
This research mainly aims at answering ‘why and how’. This type of research is generally used by doctors and psychologists.

According to Mitchell & Jolley, 2012., In a descriptive research, a phenomena taken, is illustrated in such a detail, so as to fill in any missing parts , leading to expansion and better understanding of the topic .
Probability vs Non-Probability sampling method
Since most data assembling methods involve a choice of experimental subject. This choice can be through use of probability-based methods, where the selection is done by some "mechanical” procedure, involving lists of random numbers, or the equivalent. This class of sampling is known as probability sampling method Alternatively, the choice may be made by other methods, invoking some elements of judgment. Methods involving judgment are referred to as non-probability selection.
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Simple random sampling
Simple random sampling is the fundamental sampling technique where a group of subjects, are being selected, from a larger group , known a population. Each individual is elected entirely by chance and each member of the population has an equivalent chance at being selected. This method works finest for a relatively homogenous

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