This concept is necessary in order to explain individual differences. In the study, the appraisal concept is used in the questionnaire as a means of measurement for motivational disposition in the coping mechanisms section. Appraisal has two basic forms: Primary appraisal concerns whether something of relevance to an individual occurs and Secondary appraisal which concerns coping options. In relation to the concept of appraisal, since, this study focuses on the level of stress of different people and the factors causing stress, the researchers, through the analysis of the tabulation results of the survey, could possibly evaluate the conditions of the respondents based on their responses to their stress level in a specific factor. Being limited to the same group of individuals as respondents, which specifically are students in the accountancy program, the respondents’ current state with regards to the effects of stress in their studies, would most likely be assessed by the researchers having enough data of dealing with the different factors of stress.
Annotated Bibliography The projected study attempts to design a research that would examine the competence of mindfulness therapy. The design would evaluate the progress of the selected individuals who are receiving mindfulness therapy in comparison to those receiving another kind of therapy over a given period of time. The following articles will discuss about the effects of mindfulness therapy to different kinds of patients. Fjorback, L.O., Arendt, M, Ornobol, E., Walach, H., Rehfeld, E., Schroder, A., & Fink, P. (2012). Mindfulness therapy for somatization disorder and functional somatic syndromes – Randomized trial with one-year follow-up.
This essay is occupied with analyzing whether the agentic state theory developed by Professor Stanley Milgram is a valid explanation for the behaviour of participants in obedience experiments. It starts with defining and describing the abovementioned theory and continues with providing academic research evidence, in order to illustrate the arguments for and against the statement presented above. The essay ends by providing the key conclusions drawn from the analysis, while also attempting to give an answer to whether Milgram’s agentic state theory could indeed be characterized as valid in explaining the behaviour of participants in obedience experiments. The agentic state theory is one of the two main theories that Milgram has developed (the other is the theory of conformism), in order to explain the behaviour of its participants in its obedience
So if you are depressed, for instance, a psychiatrist is best placed to help you think about whether a biological treatment like antidepressant drugs may help. And a clinical psychologist is best placed to help you think about whether a psychological therapy like cognitive behavioural therapy may help to manage the underlying cause of depression and to make you able to deal with it effectively. Clinical psychologists will usually be able to help you see a psychiatrist if that would be helpful for your problem, and psychiatrists will usually be able to help you see a clinical psychologist if they would be more able to help you with your
Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory-3: Critique The Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory-3 (SASSI-3) is a concise and simply administered psychological assessment tool that aids in the detection of the likelihood that a person has a substance use disorder (Lazowski & Miller, 1997). Subsequently, this resulting document is an evaluation of the SASSI-3 by means of critiques from the Mental Measurement Yearbook (MMY). The two critiques utilized were authored by; Ephram Fernandez, who is an Associate Professor of Clinical Psychology at the Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas, and David J. Pittenger, who is the Head and Associate Professor of the Department of Psychology at The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, Tennessee. Overview The SASSI, which was first published in 1988 is an empirically established psychometric assessment intended to reveal the probability of substance dependence by applying questions that are less expected to prompt suspicion and deceitful responses (Pittenger, 2003). In other words, indirect items (subtle scales) that appear disparate from substance use allow the SASSI to identify persons with alcohol and drug
Cognitive dissonance is the concept I chose from chapter thirteen. All three concepts I have chosen relate to the field I plan to go into after graduation. Before coming to Ashland, I was struggling with picking between psychology and social work as my major and I settled on psychology in a last minute decision. After realizing that psychology is not quite the field
The study chosen discussed patients’ needs during the year after a suicide attempt. The study was conducted as a secondary analysis instead of a primary analysis. Secondary analysis is characterized as an examination and translation an original research study. The technique for composing secondary research is to gather detailed research information that is important from the original research study and translate the essential information found in that particular study (study.com) This study was considered a randomized study. It investigated whether two telephone interventions in addition to treatment as usual during one to twelve months after a suicide attempts had any impact on treatment attendance and thereby suicidal behavior and psychosocial functioning (Cedereke & Öjehagen 2002).
By using within-subject design , the experimenter will make the same group of participants listen to different genres of music while they are studying. He/she will then ask the students which genre disrupted their studies the most. A within-subject design is an experiment in the which the same group of participants are exposed to different situations or treatments. 17) An experimenter wants to find out whether drugs and medications or home remedy cures groups of patient suffering from fever at a faster rate. By using between-subject design, the experimenter gives the first group of patients drugs and medications such as an Aspirin
However, the CBT model we will be using in this work is based on the Cognitive Therapy which is also known as CBT. Role of Negative Thoughts in CBT Understanding negative thoughts is an important area of focus in CBT, as Beck’s model was developed to treat depression. Mclead (2008) asserts that CBT is based on the model that it’s not events themselves that upset us, but the meanings we give them. Furthermore, Mclead notes that individuals whose thoughts are too negative, find hard to see things or participate (2008) in activities that disconfirm what they believe is true. Therefore, depressed
Having some limitations on time periods for the study was included. The elimination process during the study began if participants were students outside of the United States, as well as if the studies did not include some specific criteria with a primary focus of depression. The report included an experiment on students who were recruited and used treatments to test the levels of depression. Students who were recruited were also compensated during an introductory psychology course. Including facts like how the analysis conducted a nonexperimental study in which undergraduate students taking psychology classes who had a recent onset major depressive episode were paid or received course credit for their research participation.
In table 2 & 3, the compares of categorical suicidal risk factors shows the variables. The reliability and the validity should be tested before the interview. Bigler (2008) suggested that various cognitive neuroscience measure, either by themselves or combined with functional neuroimaging methods, holds promise for more accurate assessment of the effects of TBI on behavior and
We could identify the factors of mental health problems, and find ways to prevent it. Overall, I believe that this assignment is informative. This assignment enhances my understanding of Social Psychology by having me identify the psychological principles behind an historic event of extreme act of violence wherein dislike for others played an imminent role and the event had large and widespread implications. It helps me to learn how to apply psychological principles in current and historic events such genocides and
Notwithstanding strong proof for CBT 's viability and broad selection, the ways by which it is functional in the treatment of depression are not clear so far (Hollon et al., 2006) (Longmore, Worrell, 2007). Cognitive behavioral models deal with the part of human behaviors and thoughts through the development, support, and also, treatment of depression. Beck, Rush, Shaw, and Emery 's cognitive model which was developed in 1979, proposes that thoughts that are dysfunctional, core views, and data preparing predispositions are precursor to and increment hazard for wretchedness, and that CBT treats depression by evolving these. Behavioral segments of CBT (Beck et al., 1979) and behavioral actuation (Hopko, Lejuez, Le Page, Hopko, and McNeil, 2003) (Martell, Addis, and