Positivist Theory Of Self Help Housing

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The purpose of this section is to highlight the two main theories that will be used to explain the self-help housing phenomenon in the study area. Firstly, the use of the Neo-liberal theory is an attempt to clarify and explain the meaning, nature and challenges of the economic context associated with the phenomenon of self-help housing and housing consolidation. Secondly, the Positivist theory will be used to predict and understand why the self-help housing phenomenon may unfold. In the specific context of housing and for the purpose of this study, the positivist theory will be presented to interpret housing in three dimensions which could explain or justify the reasoning behind incentives of self-help housing for low income households. These dimensions are economic, environmental and social. Neo-liberalism Harvey (2005) defines neo-liberalism is a theory of political economic practices that proposes that human well-being can best be advanced by liberating individual entrepreneurial freedoms and skills within an institutional framework. This means that individual’s welfare should best be emancipated within an economy through a socio-economic setting that permits the use of their skills and abilities to empower themselves and thereafter accumulate wealth. This theory as Harvey (2005) stated, is characterized by strong private property rights, free markets and free trade, while the role of the state is to create and preserve an institutional framework appropriate to these

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