Marxism was a theory of conflict. It was part of the society as a bases and superstructure. It supported capitalism under the concepts of Labour theory of value, exploitation, alienation and class consciousness. Marxism as a theory of conflict: The conflict that went on was between the working class or Proletariat and the capitalist or the Boergeoisie on the other hand. The worker class was treated like slaves because the capitalist owned the factories and businesses and used the workers class to do their work for them so that they can be rich and so that they can live in poverty.
This theory involves a dialectical and materialist, or dialectical materialist, approach to the application of Marxism to the cultural sphere, specifically areas related to taste such as art, beauty, etc. Marxist aesthetics overlaps with Marxist theory of art. It particularly concerned with art practice, with the prescribing of artistic standards that are believed socially beneficial. This materialist and socialist orientation may be seen to invoke the traditional aims of scientific inquiry and the scientific method. Marxist aesthetics forms only an important branch of their work, depending on how one defines the term.
Marxism reframes economic relationships to be at the core of human history, focusing on the innate need for material items. Placing economic relationships at the core of human history, Marxism focuses on the innate need for material items while simultaneously emphasizing the relationship between industry and exchange to understand humanity. Marx recognized three epochs of history, including, tribal phase, feudal phase, and capitalist phase. Following these stages, Marx theory leads to a conscious revolution from the repressed class. Once the revolution has taken place, the final stage of human history leads to socialism.
They argue that in capitalist societies, there is less emphasis on communal aspects and more emphasis on sexual partner and transformation of family into a means through which property can be inherited. This is very important to those who own private property because the Patriarchy and ownership of the women as part of the private property. Therefore Marxist feminists argue that gender inequality is the result of the development of the private property, there is that interconnection to class relationship (Anderson, 2012). Moreover, Marxist feminists argue that because of this gender division of labour, women’s work is devaluated on average. Because, in capitalist societies, most women are in the secondary market usually hunting jobs.
Marxism is a system of economic, social, and political philosophy based on ideas that view social change in terms of economic factors. A general opinion is that the means of production is the economic base that impacts or resolves the political life. Marxist literary theory of how everything relates back to wealth and social and financial status, reflecting on the economical experiences of Fitzgerald. It is clear that Fitzgerald has a Marxist message in the way he develops his characters in his novel. In the Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald demonstrates the concept of Marxist critique through social-economic relationships and conflicts that it can create.
According to Marxist Criticism Theory it’s a theory in which it is listed into different principles and practices. These principles allows readers to analyze actions done within the reading and it’s characters personality. An outside source “Introduction to Literature” by Michael Delahoyde, Delahoyde states “Marxists generally view literature "not as works created in accordance with timeless artistic criteria, but as 'products' of the economic and ideological determinants specific to that era" (Abrams 149). Literature reflects an author's own class or analysis of class relations, however piercing or shallow that analysis may be” (Delahoyde). In other words, Marxists view class struggle, wealth defines the characters and view literature as products of the economic.
Therefore, in the perspective of understanding materialist art history by the discussion focused on the labor of the production line, different forms of arts then no longer refer to the product labeled and produced by the so-called ‘artistic genius’, but a product of complex relationship between social, economic and political sphere. (Klingender, 1943) To be more specific, the relationship between materialist art history and Marxist art history is demonstrated with the practice of artwork in relation to society, economy or politics, with detailed and specific analysis in the context of social cultures and the idea of class in the capitalist society. (D’Alleva, 2005) In a particular cultural environment, we can realize the outgrowth of the interactions between patrons and artists in a more complicated way. Art therefore is no longer believed to be the product made by the so-called artistic talents under the manifestation of
They believe that education is very beneficial and important for the affiliation of society. If an institution exists then there must be a positive reason for it. The Functionalist perspective of education looks at education as a training system for students so they are given their appropriate place in society. However, Marxists believe that education teaches us the norms and values of the
Steinbeck seems to have quiet been sympathetic towards many elements of Marxism. Marxist is the analysis of human events and productions that focuses on relationships among socioeconomic classes, both within a society and among societies and it explains all human activities in terms of the distribution and dynamics of economic power. They 're all based on the theories of Karl Marx, who was influenced by philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. This topic consists of the ideas on class differences, economic, as well as the implications and complications of capitalist system. Marxist critical approach literature by focusing on the individual psyche and the economic systems that structure human societies in the text.
Marxism is arguably one of the most influential theories in historical analytics. Its influence is due to its application in almost all historical schools of thought. Ranging from various elements of social history, political and economic history, Marxist theory reaches across academic disciplines. Created by German philosopher Karl Marx in the 1840’s, Marxist seeks to give voice to the “history from below” or an ordinary peoples history. The base of the theory is rooted in the concept of the economy, and that class struggle is the center of historical