Arlene Stein’s book “Sex and Sensibility” is a literary masterpiece that develops the framework of content that was essential towards explaining the rise of the lesbian movement; though solid in its message, Stein’s bias is recognized throughout the text, she was cognizant of issues and factors that affected the movement but she fails to piece together the entire spectrum. Stein captures three fundamental factors displayed throughout the text: (1). The recognition of new sexual identities and their associated orientations (2). The separation of the Feminist and Lesbianist movements, and (3). The differentiation of the “Old Gay” and “New Gay”lesbian identities.
A sullen tone is maintained throughout this chapter as Mairs describes the society 's standards for women leaving the readers a choice on how they feel about these standards. By using logos in her essay’s, Mairs is able to further describe the effects of standards have on women, including herself by stating in her quote, she’s spent most of her life suffering from not meeting the standards set for her. The use of short and long sentences in her essays help the rhythmic flow describe what it’s really feel like to fall short of standards people have set for
Emma and Elizabeth are special among other heroines as Emma is able to examine her own state of thinking of being in love to the realization she is not, and Elizabeth shows her own introspection in the process of thinking and re-thinking. Another important feature of Austen’s novels is heroine’s learning experience as a centre of the novel. From the studied literature, it follows that the learning experience leads to the problematic of ‘self’ which Austen’s fallible heroines deal throughout the novels. Jane Austen tried to explore mainly the fields of self-realization and self-knowledge, which means Emma and Elizabeth must overcome their mistakes to find what is right and only then they can reach the ‘self’ development. The first part of the thesis also showed the critical view on the heroines.
There exists a very real relationship between the Female Gothic novel of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth-century and the social context of women at that time. This new class of fiction is essentially treated by women as it addresses women’s experiences offered an opportunity to address “the hidden, unspeakable reality of women’s lives: not just their lives in the private inner world of the psyche, but also their social and economic lives in a real world of patriarchal institutions” (DeLamotte 165). Notwithstanding the success of male Gothicists, Gothic fiction is perceived as a female-dominated genre as Leonard Wolf writes: Despite the triumphs of Lewis and Maturin, the Gothic novel was something of a cottage industry of middle-class
Mrs. Beast, a poem from the World’s Wife that is a collection of poems written by Carol Ann Duffy that often focuses on the female perspectives by using traditional stories that were focused on male character. Mrs. Beast is one of the last poems of the World 's Wife and it sums up the whole purpose of World 's Wife: to present a voice to women of history and literature and to explore aspects of their lives and personalities. As with all the poems in the World’s Wife, Duffy follows the form of a dramatic monologue and through the first stanza draws attention to the history of male domination and female suppression by listing famously victimized women and revealing in Mrs. Beast’s tone, bitter resentment.
Jane Eyre, published in 1847, by focusing on its protagonist’s, Jane’s personality, dependency and self governance. The aim of this study is to look into Jane’s development and analyze her identity with the help of a theoretical framework drawn from psychoanalysis and developmental psychology, and within the context of the Victorian era. The novel focuses on Jane’s experiences and psychological growth from youth to adulthood. Psychoanalytic criticism adopts the methods of "reading" employed by Freud and later theorists to interpret texts or writings. It argues that literary texts, like dreams, express the secret unconscious desires and anxieties of the author, that a literary work is a expression of the author 's own instability.
JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/30210320. Emily Sunstein was a political American feminist activist, who graduated with a bachelor’s degree in Art History in 1944. Keats-Shelley Journal is an article written by Emily Sunstein, an author that analyzes Mellors criticisms of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. Which allows for three authors voice to be wrapped up into one article, making fact and truth inescapable between the three of them. The article begins by going into extreme depth into Mary Shelley 's feminist ideals, which allows the reader to enter Mary Shelley’s mind and see how she views her own past.
Butler suggests that female identity is conditioned by certain socio-political institutions where woman has lost her space of being in the world. Furthermore, she is compelled to speak and write in a language that is completely alien to her natural status of being in society. Therefore, her existence is fully colonized in the web of power politics where her performativity itself is a means of sustaining the roots of male dominance. For instance, Kate Millett takes gender differences to have “essentially cultural, rather than biological bases” that result from differential treatment (9-28). For her, gender is “the sum total of the parents’, the peers’, and the culture’s notions of what is appropriate to each gender by way of temperament, character, interests, status, worth, gesture, and expression”
She is a post colonial writer who reveals the true position of women in a patriarchal society and deals with the problems of women. Her novels present the longing struggle of women to establish an identity. In her novel A Married Woman, Astha is the main protagonist of the story. The story moves around her. It is a romantic story of Astha and her husband, Hemant.
A feminist reading of the poem “The Freaks” The Freaks by Kamala Das is a good example of a feminist reading. Kamala Das is well known feminist Indian writer. Her writings can be a medium to convey the true men and women relationship that is unseen but secretly experienced by most of the married people. Her poem is also a medium to express how women were controlled by the social norms and the women’s lack of individuality. According to Dr. Yousef (Faculty Member, Azad University), Kamala is the first woman to openly talk about Women 's social unrest in respect of education and career, sexual desire and frustration, suffocation of a loveless marriage.