Post American World Order And Globalization Case Study

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1. In my opinion, Post-American World Order will increase the relevancy of the Clash of Civilizations. To answer this question, I would like to explain about globalization and realism theory. The advancement of technology and information has taken place in many countries. The Advancement of communication technology with the more extensive network of television, radio, and the Internet spread in different countries with different cultures create a society in a country can easily get information from countries around the world. This has led globalization. Globalization is the process whereby individual lives and local communities are affected by economic and cultural forces that operate world-wide (Ashcroft, Griffiths, & Tiffin, 2000). Opportunities…show more content…
According to Fareed Zakaria in his book “The Post American World”, he mention “three tectonic power shifts” which is one of it is “the rise of the rest” (Zakaria, 2011). He said that “the rise of the rest”, the United States will no longer become the superpower country because there are many country that are have a great power in dimensions: industrial, financial, educational, social, cultural. Such as for example, the world's biggest plane is built in Russia and Ukraine, its leading refinery is under construction in India, and its largest factories are all in China (Zakaria, 2011). Although the United States is still the number one of political force in the world, looking from the rising of great powers from several countries, it because of Globalization. The distribution of power is shifting, moving away from American dominance (Zakaria,…show more content…
The people can also easily can learn and communicate with people from a different country. However, when there is an advantage, there will be also disadvantages of globalizations. The disadvantages of globalization such as loss of native culture of a region or a country; enterprises have to compete also with international competitors, and exploitation of natural resources. Also, one thing that mostly people forget about the negative impact of globalization is clash of civilizations. However, some perspective sayings that clash of civilizations caused by globalization can be solved by dialogue among civilizations. So, how can Dialogue between Civilizations contribute to the management of negative impacts of Globalization? The idea of "dialogue among civilizations" is a response to Samuel Huntington’s thesis, an American political scientist who said that the world today was hit by a "clash of civilizations". According to Seyyed Mohammad Khatami, “while negotiation and debate focus on differences, dialogue is based on commonalities. The goal is to reach for mutual knowledge and coexistence, and peace (and perhaps political achievements) can be gained from dialogue” (Iranian Diplomacy,

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