In Chinua Achebe’s novel Things Fall Apart, Achebe, through his utilization of rhetorical questions, word choice that show the weakness and strength of the Igbo verses the European people, and the title’s symbolism to the novel as a whole, is able to illustrate the differences between the European colonialists and the Igbo society that caused their inability to communicate, which led to a state of desperation, and eventually resulted in the damage of the Igbo society. Achebe is able to emphasize how deeply the Igbo society was affected through cultural and societal transformations due to the colonization of the Europeans. In part three of the book, the main character Okonkwo and his friend, Obierika, have a conversation concerning what has happened to the land of Umofia in the time Okonkwo was gone due to him being exiled. They converse with frustration about how the European colonialists have taken over a piece of land.
There is this perceived need to stand up for African and other previously colonized indigenous cultures. In this project, I endeavour to critically analyse Chinua Achebe's exploration of colonialism and its impacts on the African society, particularly referring to his first novel, his seminal work, Things Fall Apart. The Igbo society, as depicted in the novel, going through the throes of change due to colonialism becomes symbolic of the entire Africa itself. Analysing the novel closely, I shall look into the contradictory sets of critical views that have come the writer's way, where some critics look at his novel as a simple depiction of a certain society without providing any critique whatsoever while the others appreciate this very style of writing as critiquing the hitherto set Western ideas regarding literary works and their reception. I have also tried to understand Achebe's novel better by studying his non-fictional discourse on colonialism--- essays and interviews, for instance, which have been discussed further in the chapters mentioned.
Throughout the novel, we see Conrad gives us idea about how deceiving one could be. For example when Marlow talks about the map unfamiliar Africa and where unknown part are drawn which turns out white on the map of Africa. Africa appears to be dark through exploitation, colonization and exploration of the rest of the continents. Conrad even uses the idea of light and dark to gives us more idea of the inner status of some of the specific character. In the novel ‘Heart of Darkness’ Mr. Kurtz who is an Caucasian man, who has white skin, but who has the darkest and most corrupt soul in the novel.
When it comes to defining Postcolonial literature the instant thought which comes to our mind is that it addresses the various crisis and consequences of the decolonization of a country or of a nation. The purpose of this paper is to throw light on one of the major theme taken by the Post colonial authors-Lost Identity. Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart made a prominent mark in describing this theme. This paper involves discovering how the main protagonist loses his identity after a series of events in the novel, Things Fall Apart. The author has revealed how Okonkwo, the main character, faces a loss of identity.
Following the ‘canon’ novel, Heart of Darkness, a wide range of misinterpretations of Africans were established by Westerners. Some Westerners, those without any direct ethnic background, actually believed Heart of Darkness’ author, Joseph Conrad, when he described the Africans as “black shapes crouched, lay, sat between the trees, leaning against the trunks, clinging to the earth, half coming out, half effaced within the dim light, in all the attitudes of pain, abandonment, and despair.” Author Chinua Achebe made it his mission to develop a novel that would show the beauty of the cultural ideals and the people of Africa. Through Things Fall Apart, Achebe would not debunk Conrad’s descriptions by focusing solely on the positive aspects as there cannot be life without hardships and controversial acts; he would go on to undermine the beauty of Africa and its people through the truth. As providing an ‘exclusive’ insight to what the African culture truly brought forth; the plot took little importance, while the culture and all its intensities was the main focus. In order to clearly show that intensity while making it a comprehendable read for Westerners, Achebe had to be meticulous about how he would achieve this newfound perspective for the foreign readers.
Colonialism is evil when its purpose becomes looting the economy and hijacking the culture of the people. The title of the novel itself strikes a negative note as it indicates falling apart of things. It is taken from the English poem, “The Second
Achebe’s No Longer at Ease: A Post-Colonial Reading Abstract: This article is an effort to bring in light the theme of corruption, alienation and rootlessness generated by colonial conflicts in Achebe’s No Longer at Ease. The novel directly deals with distress and difficulty of Nigerian youth amidst contemporary social, economic and political problems of Africa. The purpose of this paper is to show how colonial conflicts and resurgent changes in post-colonial life bring changes in the life of natives and how they accustom to corrupt practices and began to alienate from their own roots. Key Words; Post-Colonialism, Corruption, Alienation, African Culture Introduction Chinua Achebe, “the cultural ambassador of Africa” (Panigrahi 162), is a prolific
This essay has discussed how within the novel Things Fall Part, Chinua Achebe attempts to restore the sense of dignity and self-respect of African people by creating a work of fiction that highlights the positive aspects of the Igbo culture within Umuofia, and the negative aspects of colonisation that destroyed the already existing culture. By analysing and referring to three episodes that occurred in the novel, this essay has demonstrated that Achebe’s endeavours to uplift the reputation of the African people pre and post-colonisation were
Shaka chooses instead the framework of Francophone cinematographic discourse that has dominated African cinema. In my opinion, his work is a mixture of progress and retrogression in African film scholarship. Modernity and the African cinema (2004), as a publication, makes no secret of the bones it has to pick with scars inflicted by colonialism and their lingering effects on Africans who still remain vulnerable in their dealings with foreigners (Shaka 2004, 9). What Shaka proposes strongly is a conscious effort to assess traditional African institutions in a bid to understand what has continually weakened them. He carries out his research on cinema as a medium, to assess what has changed of the African reality and what still remains as the unchanging substratum.
Achebe along with many other writers like Wole Soyinka, Buchi Emecheta, Ben Okri, Ama Ata Ai-doo and others had used literature as a medium to express their desires for a reawakening of a society that has lost its values and even its own identity. Gikandi states that Achebe’s works and thoughts always stir many forgotten questions - where, when and why does colonialism begin to seize the initiative in the organi-sation of the African society (Things Fall Apart and Arrow of