The Way of Colonialism Worked in “An Outpost of Progress” and “After the Race” “An Outpost of Progress” was written by Joseph Conrad, and “After the Race” is one short story of James Joyce’s Dubliners. The two short stories in different vision to tell the short stories about the colonialism worked, but the writers all choose representative characters to let people have a preliminary understanding about the way of colonialism worked and to reflect the way colonialism worked under the whole age background. Colonialism means that the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas (Thornton 335). Through the analysis of the characters and characterization as well as plot in “An Outpost of Progress” and “After the Race”, there are three main ways of the colonialism. The first way is that spread colonialism thoughts and culture to control people.
The aim is to investigate how the narrator claims to represent the collective history of India through his own self and to explore the approaches on nationalism that is part of the narrative of the novel. Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children has been used as a representation of paradigm shift in post-colonial studies. According to Elleke Boehmer (189), the novel is the most iconic example of a post-independence narrative with capacity to establish new metaphors of nationhood. Not only with regards to rewriting history, but also to create and to frame defining symbols for the purposes of imagining the nation. The novel presents a change in the way that the narrative is created by means of tension between the form, style and the elements considered paradigmatic in order to discuss a literary work in the English language, whereas Indians are meant to be the national allegories.
The Arab American literature relates to postcolonial literature. Postcolonial theory is a path for the poets to express their thoughts and emotions about their conquered countries openly. The main subjects the postcolonial theory focuses on are representation, migration, and resistance. In addition, postcolonial writing is a piece of literature that gives the exploited people voice to speak about their suffering and needs. C. L Innes has applied the postcolonial studies on literary texts written by colonized people.
Her novel The Holder of the World (1993) is a famous novel of cultural displacement, in which she has portrayed the picture of colonial India on the background of Mughal India. Through this novel she focuses upon the strategy of multiculturalism and
The way of Colonialism Worked in An Outpost of Progress and After the Race An Outpost of Progress was written by Joseph Conrad, and After the Race is one short story of James Joyce's Dubliners. Although these two short stories are about Colonialism in different vision that means different setting, the writers all choose representative characters to become a small point in the colony to reflect the way that Colonialism worked under the whole age background. At the same time, through plot unfolds, which can let people have a further understand about the way that colonialism worked. Setting is the context in which the story takes place, which includes the time, the place, and the social environment (Abrams 363). Characters can be defined as
Literally, postcolonialism refers to the period following the decline of colonialism, e.g., the end or lessening of domination by European empires. Although the term postcolonialism generally refers to the period after colonialism, the distinction is not always made. Postcolonialism does not simply seek to tell the story of what happened after decolonization, but seeks a critical perspective on its ongoing, problematic legacy: as Young writes, “Postcolonial critique focuses on forces of oppression and coercive domination that operate in the contemporary world: the politics of anti-colonialism and neo-colonialism, race, gender, nationalism, class and ethnicities define its terrain” (Young, Robert ,2001: 11). A key theme here is that there is more to achieving liberation through decolonization than the formal decoupling of state apparatuses: as Diana Brydon writes, “Postcolonialism matters because decolonization is far from complete and colonial mentalities, including the inequalities they nurture, die
Postcolonial theory is a literary theory or critical approach that deals and concerns with any literature produced in countries that are/were colonized, especially by the European countries. Postcolonial theory concerns and studies the texts that are/were "produced by writers from countries with a history of colonialism" at the same time deals with texts "produced during colonialism" (McLeod, 33). "…the term post-colonial might provide a different way of understanding colonial relations: no longer a simple binary opposition, black colonized vs. white colonizers; Third World vs. the West, but an engagement with all the varied manifestations of colonial power, including those in settler colonies." (Ashcroft et al. 2004, The Empire Writes
He also presents the ensuing problems of the post-colonial Nigeria African writing in English evolved primarily as a result of the Euro-African colonial encounter and its aftermath, and each of Achebe’s novels marks a significant moment in the growth of this relatively young body of literature. It is important to understand how Achebe relates and deals with the phenomena of change in language and culture as they occur and its role in the history of an African literature which is almost always driven by the desire to imaginatively capture the key moments of African history from the beginning of colonialism to what is now known as postcoloniality. Chinua Achebe’s fiction chronicles different phases in the development of modern Africa. Each of his work is wholly different in character from the other, but together they legitimately can be seen as aspects of piled-up sequence of human imperfection. Things Fall Apart (1958) and Arrow of God (1964) represent a pre-colonial Igbo culture struggling against all odds to retain its integrity against the
The paper would like to focus on the writing and views on leader Franz Fanon by looking at some of his most prominent books and academic articles. The essay will also look into the reading of other writers. The first part of the essay will involve the defining of a number of terms, these terms will be; post-colonial theory; decolonization and literary theory. The second part of the essay will make up the main discussion that is divided into a number of sub headings and will involve discussing the history of colonialism and its origin, just to be familiar with what is going to be discussed; post colonialism theory discussed by Franz Fanon; post colonialism literature discussed by other leaders; writers and articles. The last part of the essay will have a conclusion rounding off the
Toury clarified that the recipient culture, or a certain part of it, which works to determine what to translate and how to translate. Hence, translators are supposed to function in the interest of culture where they are producing translations, but not in the interest of the original texts or the source culture. In addition, he added that culture refers to the whole social context in which the translation takes place, together with criteria, ideology, values and convention of the recipient system. In 1990, Bassnett and Lefevere officially put forward the concept of cultural turn in their volume Translation, History and Culture in which the cultural turn is the key concept and the concept of culture takes on a wider sense. Later, based on the precious studies and findings, André Lefevere put forward the concepts of “translation as rewriting” and “rewriting as manipulation” in his book entitled Translation, Rewriting and The Manipulation of Literary Fame.