As a literary theory it emphasises the issues concerning customs in colonialism and shows how the optic of ethnicity enables the colonial powers to represent, reflect, refract and make visible native cultures in inferior ways. It starts with the hypothesis that colonial socio cultural practices (writings, arts, legal systems, science) are always marginalised according to race and unequal where the colonial have power over the colonised. Post colonialism concentrate on the historical, political, cultural and textual consequences of the happenings between the east and the west, starting in the sixteenth century and continuing in recent times. In this sense Post colonialism is a term that can be used to describe a theoretical approach in literary and cultural studies which is used to describe the politics of transformational struggle to unreasonable and unequal forms of colonial practices. Post colonialism gets it main ideas from the concepts that developed during the anti-colonial struggles in the affected colonies.
Black English like any other dialect, it has its features in pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary, unlike improper English. It is continually developing and it has standard syntactic rules. The blacks who lived in urban communities spoke different accent from those who lived in rural communities according to the need for vocabulary. Standard English speakers often cannot understand the speech of Black people. So the black people did not speak Black English all the time.
The European narrative that dominated the documents, political archives, and literature on the scientific reasoning for colonialism was the historical paradigms written by those in charge. Western ideas of social Darwinism, bringing capitalism and advancements to ‘backwards’ countries comprised the rhetoric of colonialism. Postcolonial, however, bring culture and agency back to the colonized people. The discussion of the term postcolonial in it of itself represents the continued problems historians face. Historians question if the word “postcolonial” is accurate, as
The European narrative that dominated the documents, political archives, and literature on the scientific reasoning for colonialism created the historical paradigms written by those in charge. Western ideas of social Darwinism, bringing capitalism and advancements to ‘backwards’ countries comprised the rhetoric of colonialism. Postcolonial historians, however, bring culture and agency back to the colonized people. The discussion of the term postcolonial in and of itself represents the continued problems historians face. Historians question the accuracy of the word ‘postcolonial’, as European descendants of
It was first used by historians after World War II as “post-colonial state” referring to post-independence period. That’s to say in its original usage, the prefix “post” in post-colonial indicated its chronological meaning. Yet, from the late 1970s its scope has been broadened and moving beyond the limited discursive meaning of postcolonialism, referring to the chronological period of post-independence, literary critics used it to problematize the social, cultural, political and economic consequences of colonization on colonized countries. For instance, Ania Loomba defines postcolonialism as a theory about “… the complex forms in which subjectivities are experienced and collectivities mobilized; … and about the ethnographic translation of cultures” (Loomba et al., 13-14). In Postcolonialism- An Historical Introduction (2001), Robert Young proposes that “postcolonial theory is always concerned with the positive and the negative effects of the mixing of peoples and cultures” (Young 69).
Postcolonial literature has been popular for its larger part of the theorist (“Postcolonialism” 225). “ Racial discrimination is a theme that runs throughout postcolonial discourse, as white Europeans consistently emphasized their superiority over darker skinned people,” (“Postcolonialism” 231). Race, language and identity is a main part of Postcolonial. The Postcolonialism was after the countries gained its independence from Great Britain (“Postcolonialism” 225). Cultural difference were one of the main reasons of postcolonial, the separation between two or more ethnic groups.
However, racial segregation was practiced with the greatest severity in South Africa. In fact, South Africa has world’s most complete system of racial segregation. South Africans use a specific term for racial segregation- ‘apartheid’. This term has, probably, originated in 1940s from Afrikaans language, one of the official languages of South Africa. It developed in 17th century, around the period when Dutch invaders settled in South Africa.
Shigenobu highlights the usage of slavery by European and American imperialists to underline the belief of Whites that they are the superior race. Even after the abolishment of slavery we still see massive amounts of racially motivated hate crimes occurring throughout the United States and throughout Europe. This is indicative of the lasting effects of colonialism in the lives of all those involved in its practice. Racism and the idea of superior and inferior races permeates the lives of both the colonized and the
In this essay, I will critique the Eurocentric nature of International Relations theory and world politics. The one-sided understanding and definition of global problems that leave out the problems of the Third World, where majority of the conflicts take place. Post colonialism is a concept that sees International Relations and global politics as presenting a partial outlook of the world political scenario and discredits the current economic, social and political structure that has emerged as a result of colonialism. Postcolonial theory is a critique of the main stream International Relations theory and challenges the central nature of the European nations. Post Colonial approaches help us to make sense of the current political scenario, we can relate the current events to the acts of Imperialism and Colonialism and the ways in which people were affected by them.
The Arab American literature relates to postcolonial literature. Postcolonial theory is a path for the poets to express their thoughts and emotions about their conquered countries openly. The main subjects the postcolonial theory focuses on are representation, migration, and resistance. In addition, postcolonial writing is a piece of literature that gives the exploited people voice to speak about their suffering and needs. C. L Innes has applied the postcolonial studies on literary texts written by colonized people.