The government saw the certificates as a way to promote assimilation to the Aboriginal people however it did nit work as 14 000 Aboriginals were living in New South Wales at the time and only 1500 certificates were handed out. Since 1880 when the Aboriginal Protection Board (the APB) was established, Aboriginal children with European ancestry were taken away from their Aboriginal families and put into missionaries and foster homes where they were taught the “White way.” The Government believed Aboriginal culture was not a good way of life and they were “protecting”
Critical race theory is a movement that had taken and continuously takes shape as a result from the ideas of pre-existing movements such as the critical legal studies movement and a radical feminist movement. Theorists within critical race theory strive, through the analysis of the structures of law as well as legal traditions within society (particularly within America) to recognise inbuilt racism within the structure of the law through the “history, contemporary experiences, and racial sensibilities of racial minorities”. Critical race theory is a twentieth century movement emerging from the 1970s as a movement created on the realisation for new “theories and strategies were needed to combat the subtler forms of racism” that were remerging in society as a result of the stalling of the civil rights (within America). With regards to the forming of the CRT movement, (Delgado & Stefancic, 2001) asserts that “CRT began as a movement in the law” where law was initially the original discipline under critical race
Foster Care is a system where they take kids away from a family due to situations in the home that may harm the child. However, Foster Care could be the only salvation to a bad situation. Many believe that the absolute goal for the foster system is to get the family reunited, but that outcome is rarely achieved. Foster Care can mean different things to different people. Some argue that the Foster Care system is ineffective and causes more harm than good.
The government definition of destitution is set out in the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 and the Nationality Immigration and Asylum Act 2002. The later definition states that a person and their dependants are destitute if they do not have and cannot obtain both (A) Adequate accommodation, (b) food and other essential items. Children’ society states that destitution encompasses more than economic or material hardship but it includes those without any legitimate status, basic rights or entitlements. The important aspect of destitution is when people lack security and are limited in the degree to which they can plan and hope as in the case of Glory and her children cited in the case study below, due to their unstable accommodation the children
Growing up off reservation or native community has ostracized me from ancestral background and the core part of who I am, but I do know their struggle. The poverty, lack of education and worse; the mental illness. Oddly enough it affects first nation people whether they are in a reservation or not. In my experience, mental illness is not treated properly or acknowledged in time. It leads to substance abuse for small fixes-speed instead of adderall for severe ADHD- these harm not only the person who is taking them but also the people around them.
For many indigenous nations, surviving in the aftermath of residential schools is troubling as many suffer from historical trauma (Anisman, Bombay & Matheson, 2014, p. 320). Other than experiencing mental and physical health problems due to various forms of neglect and abuse, the indigenous population in Canada will continue to suffer as “attending residential schools across several generations will have cumulative effects” (Anisman, Bombay & Matheson, 2014, p. 320). In fact, historical trauma will further undermine the well-being of contemporary members of indigenous nations throughout Canada as historically traumatic events will accumulate across generations (Anisman, Bombay & Matheson, 2014, p. 322). It is, therefore, hard for indigenous nations to forget that they have lost their identities, culture, rights, land, and language under the Canadian government and fellow Canadian who they are constituting a political community
They often find themselves sandwiched between two cultures. The feelings of nostalgia, a sense of loss and anxiety to reinvent home obsess them, consciously or unconsciously. They voice the anguish of the people, living far away from their native land and being discriminated on the grounds of race, colour or
These impacts affected the land in both short term and long term. Imperialism caused many actions that abuse human rights. The traditions also destroyed in the colonies. The uprising and rebellions were prevented by several laws established during that time. After the imperialists left their colonies, the lands were struggled in poverty and also having a hard time to govern themselves.
The rising deaths and DCFS cases is a testament to the disservice our nation is doing to neglected and abused youths. Once kids are placed in the foster care system, they are often moved from one placement to another which may negatively impact all aspects of their lives that are critical to success in later life such as school, social relationships, and environmental/community influences. This constant separation and loss may lead youths to feel hopeless, and resent social interactions as they feel that social relationships are extremely fragile. This affects group treatment as individuals may drop-out of treatment due to a new placement, or decline to actively participate as they feel hopeless and feels distrustful of everything around them. When children and youths cannot trust their caregivers for reassurance, they have no where to turn but the public.
Consequentially, they are “expelled from useful participation in social life and thus subjected to severe material deprivation and even extermination. The material deprivation marginalization often causes is certainly unjust, especially in a society where others have plenty” (Young, 1990). The marginalization these youth face once they are released are disadvantageous to their capacity to be civically engaged. They face stigma when they must note that they do have a criminal record on some job applications, college applications all of which can consequentially influence their material deprivation. Marginalization involves the “deprivation of cultural, practical, and institutionalized conditions for exercising capacities in a context of recognition and interaction” (Young, 1990).
Research has shown that they could suffer from Residential School Syndrome, which has some symptoms that are similar to those of post-traumatic stress disorder (Barton, 2005). In turn, this can have a negative impact on some, if not all, aspects of an individual’s life, because these symptoms tend to remain with a person forever and are exceedingly difficult to eliminate in a short period of time. Moreover, residential school survivors have been noted to possess low self-esteem, bad parenting skills, and unsatisfactory social skills- all of which can be attributed to the detrimental and abrupt disruption of their childhood (Barton, 2005). Embodying these qualities is extremely toxic and will most likely affect a child’s ability to maintain a positive outlook on life once they reach
Other aspects that leave our aging population vulnerable include elder abuse, discrimination, housing needs, depression/anxiety issues, and alcohol abuse. Adjusting to retirement and grand parenting are other stress factors. One aspect that I have to agree with is how the media portrays the elderly. Much of it depicts our elderly population as incompetent, frail, and cognitively impaired. The unfortunate part for many is that they are dependent on children, grandchildren, family, and caregivers that do not genuinely care about their health and well-being.
The Aboriginal people of Australia are still being mistreated over land dispossession and deserve more than what our government has given them. These people are the traditional owners of Australia but do not have access to this land. If they want ownership, they must go through a long and arduous process in which their request for land will likely be denied. Why do we continue to deny them ownership of the land? Our government has gone through a series of half measures in an attempt to resolve the rampant dispossession of the land the Aboriginals faced during early colonisation.