Chapter 1. Current Conditions Of The Listening Skills Of The English Language 1.1. Listening is a modality of language learning Listening is a skill that underlies rest of the necessary skills. It is the key to developing and maintaining relationships, making decisions and solving the problems. People spend as much as half of their communication time for listening.
According to Persulessy (1988), listening is a skill that tends to be neglected and one of the reasons for this opinion is the feeling among language teachers that this skill is automatically acquired by the learners as they learn to speak the language. Most of the teachers believe that listening will develop naturally through the process of language learning; also they assume listening is synonymous to breathing, automatically (Thomas and Dyer, 2007). As Hamouda (2013) stated, English listening comprehension is not given serious
It is undeniable that listening provides the foundation and cognitive development and plays a life-long role in the process of communication (Hyslop & Tone, 1988). Notwithstanding the listening effects on all aspects of language, it was not until the new wave of interest in the development of communicative competence in language teaching that the awareness of the significant role of listening has been increased (Joiner, 1984). Listening comprehension has received more systematic attention in language teaching and learning. In other words, it has taken a long and struggling journey, which evolved from a long-ignored skill to become a crucial component in language acquisition. A study by Feyten (1991) finds that 70% of the average adult’s working
It's no wonder that in recent years the language teaching profession has placed a concentrated emphasis on listening, as it is considered to be a major component in language learning and teaching. Naturally, there are obstacles that make listening, which is a general purpose in most learning situations, difficult, as it is more than merely hearing words. As G.Buck states, "listening is a complex process in which the listener takes the incoming data, an acoustic signal, and interprets it based on a wide variety of linguistic and non-linguistic knowledge", i.e. listening is the ability to identify and understand what others are saying /Buck, 2001: 10/. This involves understanding a speaker's accent or pronunciation, his grammar and his vocabulary, and grasping his meaning.
The longman dictionary of English teaching and applied linguistics describes listening comprehension as “the process of understanding speech in a first or second language. The study of listening comprehension processes in second language learning focuses on the role of individual linguistic units (e.g. phonemes, words, grammatical structures) as well as the role of the listener’s expectations, the situation and context, background knowledge and the topic. It therefore includes both top-down processing and bottom-up processing. While traditional approaches to language teaching tended to under-emphasize the importance of teaching listening comprehension, more recent approaches emphasize the role of listening in building up language competence and suggest that more attention should be paid to teaching listening in the initial stages of second or foreign language learning (Richards & Schmidt,
Although listening definitions differ to some extent, they basically consider listening as a mental process that requires a great deal of cognitive effort on the part of the listener such as interpreting the sounds, figuring out the meaning of the words, and activating the background knowledge. What makes listening difficult in a second language? There has been a general agreement in L2 listening research that all second language learners encounter difficulties while listening to the target language. However, the degree and types of the difficulty differ, and many L2 listening research has been conducted to examine these differences or to identify the factors that can influence the difficulties that face the listener, (Flowerdew and Miller,
Listening is a crucial part in communication that allows us to become more effective and productive in our personal lives and also in a professional setting like in school. As a student at UC Davis, listening is essential in order to obtain success in my classes as I must listen to my professor’s lectures in order to comprehend the class material. By examining 4 listening practices and putting them into action helped me become a better listener during lectures and become more efficient and productive in my classes. The first listening concept from the articles that I chose to do was to prepare ahead of time. Before listening to my class lecture, I prepared beforehand by reading the assigned chapter and also re-reading notes from the previous lecture.
Children learn new words through listening, and this is supporting the development of their vocabulary. 4. Listening to story helps and enhances children’s awareness of story structure. From questioning, children can recall and comprehend the story structure, or even creating a new story and adding more story elements. 5.
Listening is a process that we do with our perceptions of what we hear. Therefore, what one hears is analyzed by cultural
According to Vandergrift (1997), “reception strategies are the Cinderella of communication strategies” (p.494). Since listening falls under the category of receptive skills, the aforementioned statement implies that the listening skill along with the underlying techniques to construct meaning and achieve comprehension have been neglected. However, the position of listening in curriculum design and implementation has been widely restored. Dunkel (1986) emphasizes on the importance of incorporating listening at the very beginning of the learning process on the grounds that it contributes to the mastery of the second language. Moreover, listening seems to exert considerable influence on the development of reading and writing (Oxford, 1993).