Post Mao Reform Essay

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Post Mao Reforms

During the Mao Zedong's regime (1949-1976), the Communist Party of China (CCP) has realized that material production and social welfare institutions were two important aspects given to citizens of China by providing basic social goods. Private ownerships were abolished on the basis of inequality and exploitation. Though, there are some inequalities between people from different areas, egalitarian way of income distribution among households was implemented. Collectivization in rural areas made peasants as members of communes and gained work for subsistence. (Wong and Mok, 1995)

State took responsibility of social welfare services, universal employment provision and reduction of inequalities in consumption and living standards among citizens in urban areas. Citizens of urban area got used to works assigned by labor bureaus, enjoyed benefits given by employers and life time employments. Apart from these services, state handled education and health facilities which are not in the rural areas. Citizens living in urban areas were dependent on their employers. All kinds of social welfare services by state were through work units. This is Mao's way of Chinese welfare society which also known as "enterprises running society". Due to this, authoritarian mode was followed as the
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Adaptation of “One Child Policy”, at first treated as unrealistic policy but made impact in controlling the population of the country. However, it created tension and contradictions as it cuts down the basic unit of agricultural production and increase the value of child labor. In urban areas, though urban couple found no threat in one child policy, but they felt the clash between private and public interests because of high political mobilization like Cultural Revolution. There are various programs on social security and arrangements for social insurance (Davis, D., & Harrell, S.,
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