LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1. INTRODUCTION Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common and potentially devastating clinical problem. Because prompt proper management of TBI sequelae can significantly alter the clinical course especially within 48 hour of the injury, neuro-imaging techniques have become an important part of the diagnostic work up of such patients, determining prognosis, and guiding rehabilitation.8 Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a traumatically induced physiological disruption of brain function, as manifested by at least one of any period of loss of consciousness; any loss of memory for events immediately before or after the accident; any alteration in mental state at the time of the accident
A mental disorder refers to the disruption of one's feelings or thinking as a result of dysfunctional of part of the brain. Besides being misunderstood and misdiagnosed many in the society fears mental illnesses. The only solution to this kind of fear is a result of creating awareness about the condition and ensuring best clinical practice is followed at all times. Best clinical practice and intervention measures in neurology are aimed at mitigating the adverse effects associated with mental illnesses such as language deterioration, loss of vision, loss of agility, loss of speech, and other adverse effects. Mental disorders display numerous symptoms that can sometimes be difficult to identify in a patient.
Repressed Memories: Causes, Mechanisms, & Coping Strategies In some cases, individuals may experience a traumatic event that causes a strong stress response via the sympathetic nervous system, that memory of the events becomes repressed, and generates negative emotions lead to intense sensations of: anger, depression, fear, guilt, hopelessness, or shame. These emotions didn’t interfere with cognitive function and memory processing, and cause a” gap” or lapse in memory surrounding the time of the trauma, makes some individuals forget significant details surrounding the traumatic event, while others may forget the entire experience. This memory that submerged beneath conscious perception is called “repressed memory”. What are repressed memories?
If symptoms are present, a doctor will perform tests to see if other diseases such as medication side effects that could cause these symptoms. Some tests might include a medical history, physical examination, X-rays and blood tests. If the doctor can’t find any symptoms, the patient might be referred to a psychologist or psychiatrist. They will use interview and assessment tools to evaluate a patient for a dissociative disorder. Dissociative disorder is treated by helping the patient come to terms with how stress or trauma that may have triggered the fugue.
He shows signs of survivor's guilt along with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Survivor’s guilt (survivor syndrome) is a mental condition that occurs when a person believes they have done something wrong by surviving a traumatic event when others did not. The experience and manifestation of survivor's guilt will depend on an individual's psychological profile. When the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM-IV) was published, survivor’s guilt was removed as a recognized specific diagnosis and redefined as a significant symptom of post-traumatic stress disorder. Conrad shows signs of PTSD, as listed in DSM V, like direct exposure to the traumatic event, persistent nightmares and flashbacks of the event, loss of appetite, inability to concentrate in class, disinterest in regular activities, and a feeling of isolation (American Psychiatric Association,
This type injury is a serious form of brain injury that requires immediate medical attention. Because there is an open wound, open head injury victims may be exposed to infection and contamination. It can occur in car crashes, sports accidents, work accidents, or gunshot wounds that create a skull fracture. Objects like a screwdriver can pierce the skull and cause brain injury. If the object leaves in a different location than where it entered, it’s known as a perforating open head
During his investigations of this theory, he gathered sufficient evidence, which included problems, and details of medical issues that patients faced. Boca concluded in this study that his patients understood language; however, they had distinct matters regarding their speech and suffered a great deal of damage to the left side of their brains within their earlier life. As a result, he believed there was a link between specialized hear trauma and the development of speech-based problems (Galotti,
Sickle cell crisis. This is the moment or the state sudden pain begins in a patient suffering from sickle cell. Normally the pain could come in any part of the body all over sudden. Pain is subjective by the fact that the pain felt by the patient is
If you are reluctant to go through treatment, but want to stop on your own, you should consult with a physician and let them determine the best way for you to go through detox. For maximum safety and comfort, a medically monitored detox process in a licensed treatment clinic is by far the best option. As you body adjusts to the lack of alcohol, medical professional will be standing by to minimize the effects of withdrawal with medication and nutrition. Detox at New England Recovery Center If you are considering going through detox and addiction treatment at the same facility, New England Recovery Center in Westborough, Massachusetts, would be a great choice. Along with a first-class medically monitored detox program, you could be easily transitioned into the facility 's inpatient or outpatient treatment program for therapy and counseling.
Step five of recovery is helping to deal with the flashbacks or nightmares. In the case of a flashback, it is important to try to use the senses to bring them back to the present ("Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)"). It is important to provide reassurance that the event is not occurring again in the present. The final step to recovery is seeking professional treatment. Professional treatment for PTSD includes cognitive-behavioral therapy, medication, and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (Smith).
Post-traumatic anxiety issue (PTSD), once called shell stun or fight exhaustion disorder, is a genuine condition that can grow after a man has encountered or seen a traumatic or startling occasion in which genuine physical damage happened or was undermined. PTSD is an enduring result of traumatic difficulties that cause serious apprehension, powerlessness, or awfulness, for example, a sexual or physical ambush, the startling passing of a friend or family member, a mischance, war, or common fiasco. Groups of casualties can likewise create PTSD, as can crisis faculty and salvage specialists. The vast majority who experience a traumatic occasion will have responses that may incorporate stun, outrage, apprehension, trepidation, and even blame.