However, Zeus saw the two sides of the gods’ feelings towards Odysseus. “‘Great Odysseus/ who excels all men in wisdom... it’s the Earth-Shaker, Poseidon, unappeased,/ forever fuming against him..’” (1.78-83). Zeus created an equilibrium so that Poseidon could take out his anger on Odysseus through punishment, and Athena receives the duty of making sure Odysseus gets home to Ithaca.
Consequently, it is my firm opinion that Zeus serves a favorable role in Greek mythology. Many famous Greek myths, including Kronos and Zeus, show Zeus being a satisfactory god. The myth states, “They came of age and, when the time was right, they agreed to help fulfill the prophecy that would unseat Kronos from his throne” (Kronos and Zeus 1). Kronos was a terrible titian, he was very selfish and worried more about his power than his own children. As a result, whenever one of his children was born he ate them.
Achilles and Hector, both of them heroes like any other, extraordinary like the gods “'Brave you may be, godlike Achilles” Homer, book 1 but mortal men like the humans “"Andromache, dear one, why so desperate? Why so much grief for me? No man will hurl me down to Death, against my fate.” Homer, Book 6. The two of them are foils to each other.
His decision to avoid destructing the city of Troy immensely aggravates the goddesses Athena and Hera, and as he protects the city it is clear that he is siding with the Trojans: “Athena and Hera, why are you so troubled?” (8:447). He also manages to manipulate nature to work in his favour. He throws lightning bolts to cause the Greeks to disperse or surrender. The more he throws the more the Greeks are pushed towards their camps and gives an advantage to the Trojans: “the lightening will grant us to fend off the enemy’s assault and drive them back to the city,”
1. Aristotle once stated, “a man doesn’t become a hero until he can see the root of his own downfall (bisd303.org).” Oedipus epitomizes a true tragic hero in both his past and his actions, although he did not have any control regarding his fate. He had excessive pride and self-righteousness; he dares to compare himself to the gods in saying “you pray to the gods? Let me grant your prayers (33).”
Homer, author of the ancient Greek epic poem The Odyssey, explains the story of Odysseus, king of Ithaca, and his journey back home after the fall of Troy. Odysseus is illustrated as a man with a very complex personality, to which he obtains the expected qualities of a hero; yet he also acts against the idea of heroism. Many people believe that Odysseus fits the standards and expectations of a hero, because he possesses the desired traits of one. While others would disagree and argue that Odysseus is not a hero due to his foolish and selfish actions. Although, there are two sides to every argument, it is much more reasonable and clear to view Odysseus as unheroic.
The term hubris refers to the act of extreme pride in a foolish manner. Lastly, all the Greek heroes are decedents of the gods, whether it be one of the major gods or minor deities. Heroes have some form of divine relative that gives them an advantageous connection during the ancient Greek era. These traits merge together to create a traditional Greek Hero.
While serving as lord of the gods and men, Zeus functioned as the supreme ruler and judge over law and order. Despite his views on justice and virtue, he frequently asserted his dominance and took part in many sexual affairs. Traditionally, affairs like these would be contra to order, yet Zeus seemed to bypass the rules. The Greeks who worshipped the gods viewed the gods as holy beings that are supreme. I believe that due to Zeus’s function as a god, his supremacy, and his power, Greeks along with other gods were frightened to discuss the problems with these affairs and therefore had to accept that Zeus could do as he pleased.
Achilles possesses godlike invincibility, however it is his weaknesses that have made him remembered in history. In mythology, it is his human traits which resonated with the values of the ancient Greeks. His grief following the death of Patroclus and his rage towards Hector allow the audience to identify with Achilles. He redeemed himself by showing respect towards his enemy and towards the gods. It is through these events, and not his victories on the battlefield, Achilles became a hero.
An epic hero has the six characteristics which Aristotle described in his book Poetics. Romeo fits this model accurately . Romeo is a tragic hero because he was a character of noble standing and greatness, his downfall was his own, and although he is great he contains his own flaws. For a character to be considered as a tragic hero they must be of high social status and greatness. The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet begins with the chorus reading the prologue for the entire play, and the chorus reads , “Two Households alike in dignity”.
In the poem “Casey at the bat” and the story “David and Goliath,” a comparision of David and Casey shows differences and similarities. One similarity between the two is that, they both are confident that they will win. One piece of evidence from “David and Goliath” says, “Sir, I have killed lions and bears that way, and I can kill this worthless Philistine. He shouldn’t have made fun of the army of the living God! 37
In Book 23 of “The Odyssey” Homer uses imagery to show Odysseus’s moment of glory after wiping out the suitors. Odysseus was found, “...in the thick of slaughtered corpses;/there he stood and all around him, over the beaten floor,/ the bodies sprawled in heaps, lying one on another... /How it would have thrilled your heart to see him-/Splattered with bloody filth, a lion with his kill” (23. 48-52). The slaughtered corpses made the scene visually appealing, emphasizing Odysseus’s victory at last against the suitors.
Throughout the story, Odysseus demonstrates his courage that ultimately allows him to survive. One of these moments was during his journey back to Ithaca, where he faces a race of man eating giants called the Cyclops. Odysseus originally stops his ship there to relish a feast while on his journey back to Ithaca, but while doing so, out of curiosity explores the island. Soon, he finds a deserted house and decides to wait of the owner. The owner was unknowingly one the Cyclops, named Polyphemus.
Everyone has their own definition of a hero. Many people think of superheroes who fight for the good of humanity. Others think of great warriors in ancient Greece and Rome. While it's nice to know what heroes might look like, it's more important to understand what makes someone a hero. Odysseus is one of these important heroes whose actions should be explained.
Imagine being apart from your family for over ten years, fighting for your life in a war, and in the many battles and problems you will face on your way home from war. Would you be able to fight a cyclops, pass a dangerous whirlpool and have to face the fact that your crew betrayed you? In the novel The Odyssey written by Homer, Odysseus must do all of these things and more. He has been away from his wife, son and many other family members for over ten years now, fighting for his life on his journey home after fighting in the Trojan war.