Postcolonial Literature Study

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Significance of studying Postcolonial literature and its relevance Mr. SIMHACHALAMTHAMARANA (RESEARCH SCHOLAR), Dept. of English ANDHRAUNIVERSITY thamarana.simhachalam@gmail.com ABSTRACT A brief introduction to Postcolonial literature is to be given at the outset. Then the indication of the word ‘Postcolonialism’ along with the origin and development of this Postcolonial studies have to be examined. Various representative authors like Rushdie, Achebe, Ondaatje, Fanon, Derek Walcott and J. M. Coetzee in addition to some female writers like Jamaica Kincaid, Isabelle Illende, and Eavan Boland are to be presented critically. Moreover, some representative works of most renowned authors under the literary movement Postcolonialism are presented…show more content…
It is connected with imperialism from the moment of colonization until 21st century; “The word imperialism derives from the Latin imperium, which has numerous meanings including power, authority, command, dominion, realm, and empire” (Habib 737). It describes many interactions between ‘coloniser’ and ‘colonised.’ Majority of the world was under the control of European countries. Especially the British Empire consisted of “more than a quarter of all the territory on the surface of the earth: one in four people was a subject of Queen Victoria.” It is the literature and the art produced in the countries such as India, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, Senegal and Australia after their independence, called as Postcolonial literature. Edward Said’s prominent book Orientalism is an assessment of Western representation of the Eastern culture under the label ‘Postcolonial Studies’. Canada and Australia are often treated as ‘settler’ countries as they are part of British Commonwealth of Nations. Most famous postcolonial writers like Rushdie, Achebe, Ondaatje, Fanon, Derek Walcott, J. M. Coetzee, Jamaica Kincaid, Isabelle Illende, and Eavan Boland etc. Most of their literary works were representing interrelations between the coloniser and the colonised, such as Things Fall Apart (1958), Midnight…show more content…
Britain’s loss of empire at the outset of World War II. After that Britain lost most of its formal colonies in Africa, the Caribbean, the Mediterranean, the Pacific, South-East Asia and the far East including Persian Gulf etc., In the 17th century, Britain had gained control over many parts of North America, Canada and Caribbean Islands along with slaves from Africa and market development in India. Nevertheless, Britain viewed its imperialistic expansion as a moral responsibility and exerting greater control over the countries like India, Africa and China. A famous British writer Kipling referred this responsibility, ‘the white man’s burden’ of civilizing the people who were obviously incapable of self-governing. Many colonised countries such as India, Pakistan, Ireland, Kenya, Nigeria and so on started writing a type of literature reflecting and representing their own experiences while and after colonization. Frantz Fanon laid essential theoretical foundation for the future colonial theories in his famous book The Wretched of the Earth (1092). He argues that a new world can come into being only with a violent revolution by African farmers. In another instant, he used his personal experiences in his book Black Skin, White Mask (1952) to show relationship between colonized and colonizer in terms of psychology in observing emotional damage to both colonized and

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