In a post World War II era of decolonization, the effects of colonization on colonized people came to light and raised questions for historians. The postcolonial perspective historians main aim is to put the colonized perspective at center, to understand the lingering influence of colonialism, and begin to reject the colonial narrative written by European actors. The shift to postcolonial perspectives started in the years following decolonization across much of the world, influencing the question of experiences and interpretations of imperialism, leading to the rejection of prevailing European narratives. The shift to postcolonial history is vital to the field at large because, like Marx, it brings a perspective from those who have been silenced by the colonial elite. The European narrative that dominated the documents, political archives, and literature on the scientific reasoning for colonialism was the historical paradigms written by those in charge.
By looking at the theory of Marxism and postcolonial perspectives, the shifts of ideas and understanding of interpreting history can be viewed to demonstrate examples of twentieth-century history and theory. Both of these schools of thought continue to influence how scholars perceive the history
It was first used by historians after World War II as “post-colonial state” referring to post-independence period. That’s to say in its original usage, the prefix “post” in post-colonial indicated its chronological meaning. Yet, from the late 1970s its scope has been broadened and moving beyond the limited discursive meaning of postcolonialism, referring to the chronological period of post-independence, literary critics used it to problematize the social, cultural, political and economic consequences of colonization on colonized countries. For instance, Ania Loomba defines postcolonialism as a theory about “… the complex forms in which subjectivities are experienced and collectivities mobilized; … and about the ethnographic translation of cultures” (Loomba et al., 13-14). In Postcolonialism- An Historical Introduction (2001), Robert Young proposes that “postcolonial theory is always concerned with the positive and the negative effects of the mixing of peoples and cultures” (Young 69).
Postcolonial literature has been popular for its larger part of the theorist (“Postcolonialism” 225). “ Racial discrimination is a theme that runs throughout postcolonial discourse, as white Europeans consistently emphasized their superiority over darker skinned people,” (“Postcolonialism” 231). Race, language and identity is a main part of Postcolonial. The Postcolonialism was after the countries gained its independence from Great Britain (“Postcolonialism” 225). Cultural difference were one of the main reasons of postcolonial, the separation between two or more ethnic groups.
Colonialism has been part of our sacred history since the beginning of the century and has stretched over the globe ever since. Most of the underdeveloped countries we see today has been somehow colonized by a European country, making them oppressed in a way that innocent lives are taken away forcefully. Comparatively, colonialism is a form of oppression. Ashley Crossman (2017) in “What Sociology Can Teach Us about Oppression” states that “Social Oppression is a concept that describes a relationship of dominance and subordination between categories of people in which one benefits from the systematic abuse, exploitation, and injustice directed toward the others” (Para 1). Colonization is a source that only causes more harm than good in the world by the idea of stripping, lower nations of their precious
Abstract: The term ‘Postcolonial’ applies the notion that the novel or be it any piece of writing for that matter, goes beyond every possible parameters of the locality, region and nation to participate in the global scenario today which is an aftermath of European colonization. This paper examines the cultural and social implications which exist in The God of Small Things written by Indian postcolonial writer Arundhati Roy. The novel does reveal a decisive post colonial condition; through its dialogues, characters and various events and instances it encompass. The study analyzes Roy’s work according to the postcolonial theory and gives importance to the premises of main theorist in this field. Postcolonial literary texts like Roy’s are rewritings
Postcolonialism is an academic discipline including methods of intellectual discourse that examine, explain, and reply to the cultural legacies of colonialism and imperialism, to the human values of guiding a country and establishing colonists for the economic abuse of the native people and their land. Postcolonialism seeks to contribute in the formation of truths, based on separate modes of sense and forms of knowledge that advance justice, peace and political pluralism. Moreover, postcolonialism questions and reinvents the modes of cultural perception—the ways of viewing and of being viewed. As anthropology, postcolonialism records human relations among the colonial nations and the subaltern peoples exploited by colonial rule. As critical
The third source thinks greatly of the idea of colonialism as he believes that he is relieving the Aboriginals, and saving them from their problem. There are various views of how people perceive colonial to be, whether it is positive, or negative. It all depends on which side you had come from, and what you have
The appropriation of postcolonial and at times decolonial rhetoric in relation to the postsocialist countries in the increasingly unipolar (in spite of all multipolar proclamations) world, has gone quite unevenly. In postsocialist Eastern Europe it was faster, more successful, and less censored because the liberating rhetoric logically shifted from the old dependence on Russia and the USSR to a critique of the new dependence on Western Europe and the US without touching the interests of the new national elites. Therefore the postcolonial discourse was not only harmless but even somewhat useful for the new independent states. The postsocialist intellectuals started to write on the subalternization and peripheralization of Eastern and Central
Post-colonialism marks the end of the colonial period and the beginning of new era. People have relieved from the clutches of the colonial rule which lasted for one hundred and fifty years in the subcontinent. Post colonialism has become a very debatable topic for the postcolonial thinkers with reference to the subalterns, especially after the publication of ‘In the Words’ by Spivak (1987), ‘The Empire Writes Back’ by Aschcroft (1989), Nation and Narration (1990) by Bhabha and Culture and Imperialism by Edward Said (1993). The very first attempt goes back to Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth (1990), as he says: The first step for the colonized people in finding a voice and an identity is to reclaim their own past. For centuries, the Europeans