Introduction Post-colonialism is a newly developing theory in the study of international relations which is concerned with the historical aspects surrounding a community as well as the attempting to make light of individuals, groups or other aspects that are often tomes over looked or not seen. In this essay, I will determine the relevance of the post-colonial theory for the study of international law. This will be done by considering what is post-colonialism, what is international relations and what is the relationship between post-colonialism and international relations like. I will also consider the historical development theories such as subaltern and orientalism which have played a key role in the development of the post-colonial theory.
In a post World War II era of decolonization, the effects of colonization on colonized people came to light and raised questions for historians. The postcolonial perspective historians main aim is to put the colonized perspective at center, to understand the lingering influence of colonialism, and begin to reject the colonial narrative written by European actors. The shift to postcolonial perspectives started in the years following decolonization across much of the world, influencing the question of experiences and interpretations of imperialism, leading to the rejection of prevailing European narratives. The shift to postcolonial history is vital to the field at large because, like Marx, it brings a perspective from those who have been silenced by the colonial elite. The European narrative that dominated the documents, political archives, and literature on the scientific reasoning for colonialism was the historical paradigms written by those in charge.
Colonialism has been part of our sacred history since the beginning of the century and has stretched over the globe ever since. Most of the underdeveloped countries we see today has been somehow colonized by a European country, making them oppressed in a way that innocent lives are taken away forcefully. Comparatively, colonialism is a form of oppression. Ashley Crossman (2017) in “What Sociology Can Teach Us about Oppression” states that “Social Oppression is a concept that describes a relationship of dominance and subordination between categories of people in which one benefits from the systematic abuse, exploitation, and injustice directed toward the others” (Para 1). Colonization is a source that only causes more harm than good in the world by the idea of stripping, lower nations of their precious
Any analysis regarding postcolonial literature first requires an understanding of the period of colonization and the subsequent decolonization of the established colonies. Essentially, colonization was the setting up of colonies by the Europeans among widespread nations, with the aim of spreading the three C’s- Commerce, Christianity and Civilization. The impact thus caused was evident not only in the form of nature’s exploitation but also in the minds of the colonized. Due to colorization, a lot of nations suffered a brutal history with racial undertones and excessive exploitation. This then not only affected their land, but also their minds; as they began to be governed and controlled by the European invaders.
Parenti postulates that imperialism is the process where the dominant politico-economic interests of one nation expropriate for their own enrichment the land, labor, raw materials, and markets of another people (Parenti 1995). Whereas colonialism, as suggested by Wolfgang Reinhard, “constitutes a "developmental differential" due to the "control of one people by an alien one”(reference here). It is important to note that Imperialism is more economic based and does not necessarily lead to political control or colonialism (Rodney,1973). Colonialism was proposed as means of helping underdeveloped countries in their development through the demolition of slavery, but rather was a quest to gain political control over Africa. At this time Europe,
Postcolonial theory is a literary theory or critical approach that deals and concerns with any literature produced in countries that are/were colonized, especially by the European countries. Postcolonial theory concerns and studies the texts that are/were "produced by writers from countries with a history of colonialism" at the same time deals with texts "produced during colonialism" (McLeod, 33). "…the term post-colonial might provide a different way of understanding colonial relations: no longer a simple binary opposition, black colonized vs. white colonizers; Third World vs. the West, but an engagement with all the varied manifestations of colonial power, including those in settler colonies." (Ashcroft et al. 2004, The Empire Writes Back) (200).
Postmodernism is a human right rationalist modernism overemphasized, while the natural human emotion, history, preferences and emotional dependence off a gut reaction." "Narrowly" postmodernism "refers to the 60 s and 70 s 20th century western design trend to develop in the direction of diversification of a new genre, can in the 1960 s as a watershed of modernism and postmodernism." During the period of modern socialist international style still occupy the mainstream position, then modernism began breeding from modernism, and gradually formed his own theory. In summary, postmodernism has a significant impact on all areas of the world, and today I mainly discussed the impact of postmodernism on the design of the 20th century, then we will start with the design to the overall understanding the
Narratives exist in nearly every aspect of our society. The influence and power that these narratives can have on people are infamously represented by the persecution and death by firing squad of Jose Rizal, a Filipino martyr who wrote two novels1 which exposed the Spanish faults during the colonial period. Said (1994) observed that nowadays, it is impossible to be “purely one thing,” due largely to imperialism, which has resulted in the “mixture of cultures and identities on a global scale”; however, “its worst and most paradoxical gift was to allow people to believe that they were only,mainly, exclusively, white, or Black, or Western, or Oriental” [Italics added] (p. 336). This idea ofbeing exclusively something plays significantly into the postcolonial binaries undeniably implanted in our minds. Talib (2002) called these postcolonial binaries as the “rigid division of the world into two categories: the West and the East, the North and the South, the developed and the undeveloped, the First and the Third Worlds, the English and the non-English” (p. 18), them and us, them and the other.
Postmodernism was able to attract educators and university administrators because from the words of the author, postmodernism “questions the borders of education and discipline.”And because of this postmodernism’s fluidity, capitalism was able to co-opt it. What is it with postmodernism that we are afraid of and what will be its implications if promoted in the national university? Postmodernism really is harmful threat given the radical and critical stance of UP towards the societal system. Our history tells us that UP was in the