Postmodernism In Literature Analysis

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The topic for this study cuts across more than one substantive literary and philosophical aspect in the review of literature. However, its framework is premised on a strong thematic organization based on the literary, cultural and philosophical impact of postmodernism on both of deconstruction and absurdism from 1950s to present. Major theorists of postmodernism, Jean-Francois Lyotard, Fredric Jameson and Jean Baudrillard asserts that one of the most productive readings of postmodern practices that produce a clear reading of deconstruction and absurdism is to examine oppositional thinking in terms of differ / defer syndrome and the idea of language games. A review of literature and philosophy shows that postmodernism have played a critical…show more content…
The researcher also needs supporting data to analyze the novel therefore; the researcher uses previous researches and books related to the thesis. The researcher has to read about deconstruction and absurdism as philosophical and literary approaches, which depends on postmodernism in order to analyze the novel. There are some available books in the culture of these theories such as Deconstruction as narrative interruption by James Gilbert Walsh, The absurd in Literature by Neil Cornwell, Double Reading: Postmodernism after Deconstruction by Jeffrey T. Nealon, and Postmodern Literature by Ian Gregson. As Kafka is interested in writing about absurdity of existentialism, books like Kafka and his Precursors by Jorge Luis Borges, and Kafka's Jewish Language: The Hidden Openness of Tradition by David Suchoff, and Kafka: A Guide for the Perplexed by Clayton Koelb are helpful. The sources related to Franz Kafka are variable because most of critics see that Kafka is a postmodern writer who tries to bring out all what related to the social and political conflict as well as stating the idea of free play inside the language from a postmodern perspective. Thus, the researcher uses the writer's interviews, thesis and books speaking about his literary and philosophical talent. From the constant research of Kafka, the researcher has found one of his famous quotes that…show more content…
The deconstruction according to Derrida '' has suggested a method in which we can subvert the opposition only by showing that one of the opposite terms can only exist within another'' (Ongur, 2010: 142 cited from Sarup: 2004: 60). Derrida stated that ''the deconstruction is not a method but a reading activity. According to Derrida, the emphasis of deconstruction is about the plurality of meaning. In other words, texts may include many meanings that are different from one another or in similar characteristics'' (Balkin,
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