The important effect of the book The Empire Writes Back has been the recognition of the role of literary creativity in the former colonies. As theorists, they might be slow to acknowledge the role of specific literary works such as V.S. Naipaul’s The Mimic Men (1967) and Samuel Selvon’s immigrant novels The Lonely Londoners, Moses Ascending and Moses Migrating. They do provide some account of discussion of the various ‘models’ of post-colonial theory. The remarkable upsurge of writings in countries involved in the decolonization process and the theme of resistance since the Second World War, from third world countries has led readers worldwide to see that their own communities could produce writings of great power and relevance, if in the language of the former colonizers.
Existentialism in the field of literature has been so greatly portrayed thus it became the highly discussed theme. Although, existentialism is a widely used literary movement but the underlying concepts are constant: * Mankind has free will * Life is a series of choices * Few decisions are without any negative consequences * Some actions and incidences are unreasonable or strange, without description. * Once you take a decision you should act upon it. As it has already been mentioned about Sartre that he and
Modernism is traditionally related to the Enlightenment which describes a collection involving cultural actions that took place in the late 19th and the early 20th centuries mainly in North America and Europe. According to Hasa (2016), “Modernism marks a strong and deliberate break from the traditional styles of prose and poetry. The horrors of the First World War and the changing ideas about reality are developed by prominent figures such as Charles Darwin, Sigmund Freud, Karl Marx, etc.” (p. 1). This showed the need for the existing
In many ways, postmodernism is perceived as a direct contrast to modernism and postmodern artists embody a large sense of rebellion seen explicitly in their works. (Postmodern Powerpoint) In terms of literature, writers during the postmodernism period used a lot of play and irony as the main themes and juxtaposed fiction with non-fiction. (Postmodernism Powerpoint) For example, in Kurt Vonnegut’s Slaughterhouse Five, the reader finds that the main
Reason and enlightenment played a dominant role during the period of the age of reason. Satirical and skeptical were the mode of their writing style. Emotions, feelings, instinct and idealism are key for the writer those emerged during the Romantic and Gothic period in American literature. Imagination and autobiographical elements dominate in the works whereas supernatural elements are blended in the works of the Dark Romantics. Autonomy and individualism are given preference by the transcendentalists.
In conclusion , modernism is a remarkable literary movement of the nineteenth and twentieth century . Although some critics pointed out that modernist literature is dangerous and incomprehensible, modernists left a distinctive imprint on literature by breaking new literary grounds . This is exemplified by the use of new literary techniques and exploring challenging
History today is generally taught as overview of a specific time period, recognizing things that happened in the past but never plunging farther than material on the surface. Colson Whitehead’s novel, “The Underground Railroad” uses the concept of historical fiction to stress an interpretation of history through fictional humanization and other literary devices, motivating emotional appeal in the reader with a specific story, albeit fictional. By developing pathos, novels resembling Whitehead’s are able to give the world a new account of history—one that is likely to be more memorable due to the influence on human appeal. While the novel uses fiction to explore history, it does so without taking away the reality of history, using the facts presented in the story to build logos. Historical fiction novels allow the reader to explore outdated philosophies by presenting the information from a different perspective with pressure on having an authentic mindset from the time.
Leaving behind the overused themes of the Romantic period, authors from the 1860s to the early 1900s created a fresh style of writing to depict new changes in America after the Civil War. In Mark Twain’s short story, “The Diary of Adam and Eve”, he exhibits elements of American Realism such as anti-sentimentalism, social criticism, and depiction of ordinary American life as well as common gender stereotypes and issues. After a long reign of Romanticism and Transcendentalism in American literature and art, a very different style called Realism took its place. The previous literature styles had common themes of nature, spirituality, and imagination, which opposed Realist values. Resulting from the Civil War’s conclusion in 1865, a new nation arose, therefore, uncovering social issues that needed to be addressed (Smith 12).
As a matter of fact colonized people attempts to articulate their identity and reclaim their past in the face of that past 's inevitable otherness. It can also deal with the way in which literature in colonizing countries appropriates the language, images, scenes, traditions and so forth of colonized countries. (Slemon, S 1995: 99-116) Typically, the proponents of the theory examine the ways in which writers from colonized countries attempt to articulate and even celebrate their cultural identities and reconstruct them from the colonizers. They also examine ways in which the literature of the colonial powers is used to justify colonialism through the perpetuation of images of the colonized as inferior. However, attempts at coming up with a single definition of postcolonial theory have proved controversial, and some writers have strongly critiqued the whole concept.
the novel Shameela by Henry Fielding (1742), which was a parody of the gloomy epistolary novel Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded (1740) by Samuel Richardson. Metatextuality: when a text takes up a relation of commentary to another text it unites a given text to another which it speaks without necessarily citing it, in fact sometimes even without naming it. Literary criticism occupies a vital part in popularizing the particular text. Robert Heitman’s The Great Stage is metatextuality to King