Postmodernism In The French Lieutenant's Woman

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Postmodernist techniques in “The French Lieutenant’s Woman”

In order to analyze postmodernist literature, it is important to recognize the tools which are used by the 20’s English novelists to bridge the gap between fiction and non-fiction, past and future, tradition and its own relation with modernism. In Postmodernism literature are used various strategies and techniques such as Intertextuality, Pastiche, Metafiction and Experimental Playfulness which became trademarks for the writers. Julia Kristeva coined the term "intertextuality" in 1966, explaining that there are two relationships going on whenever we read a text: there 's the relationship between us and the author (the horizontal axis) and between the text and other texts (the vertical axis). It 's the vertical axis that gives us our definition of intertextuality; still, both axes emphasize that no text exists in a bubble and that we need to recognize how existing works shape current texts and readings (Shmoop Editorial Team). Critics believed that the text will never be recognized as an original and unique unit for its connections and links with other sources and other contexts. As Foucault says, text “is caught up in a system of references to other books, other texts, other sentences: it is a node within a network” (Hutcheon, Poetics 127). The question of originality is embodied in the narrative technique of Intertextuality but the critics explained that no text has been unique,
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