Irving plays off of various inspirations and his character Rip undergoes the typical heroic journey. Although his ends in an impasse. The lines between reality and fiction, what is credible and not, blur suggesting that the myth America will create for itself is disingenuous. The need and desire to fabricate the past results in no real accountability or adequate satisfaction to society. The story proves that society does not want to recognize its past.
One of the obvious and main criticisms of Varisco about Said’s Orientalism, is the absence of “real” Orient voices in his book. As Varisco rightly observes, “The force of Said’s argument persuades in large part because the real Orient is all absence” (55). This is for instance clearly visible in the sources Said uses when he talks about Napoleon conquering Egypt. He chooses sources from Napoleon and French travelers, yet the voices of the people of Egypt itself are missing. According to Varisco there are sources that represent these Egyptians, but Said “simply assumes them to be mute”
While in post- modernism a form of literature which is marked, both stylistically and ideologically. While in the 21st-century literature refers to world literature in prose produced during the 21st century. 3. Give at least 3 greatest literary contributions during these eras. Modernism Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness (1899/1902) Blast: Review of the Great English Vortex (1914 and 1915) James Joyce, Ulysses (1922) Post-modernism Molloy, Malone Dies, The Unnamable by Samuel
As the Japanese investigators are questioning the authenticity of the animal story, Pi responds, “which story do you prefer” (352)? They only had Pi’s word to go off of and had to other evidence as to what story really happened, so they can only believe in the
Fragmented Humanity -Michael Ondaatje's The English Patient, through the lens of Postmodernism Fragmentation, being the major tool of Postmodernism; the concept of fragmented identity has its due importance. The humanity was in a great search for identity after the World War II. Michael Ondaatje's novel The English Patient reads the pulse of the postmodern era. The idea of fragmentation is dealt exclusively in the novel. The distinct nature of post modernity is analyzed through the various forms of fragmentation employed in the novel.
He concentrates on advocating the facts that Christianity was not fair to Hinduism. The context clearly influenced him to fail to consider the judgment of others such as the Mahatma Gandhi. He notices the failures that Mahatma made through regarding all religions as tolerant and concludes he (Mahatma) was not aware Christianity was evil and the missionaries had hidden their true self. According to Ram, Mahatma thought taming Christians would have been possible through his reasonability. Sita was blinded by the context of his book in such a way that he completely failed to consider the philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi and simply branded him as a failure since.
Elissa Marder, a professor of French and comparative literature at Emory University, in her essay Trauma and Literary Studies: Some “Enabling Questions” alsoobserves that’ In the late 20thcentury, Cathy Caruth, a distinguished research professor of comparative literature and English is considered as one of the leading pioneers of trauma theory, she theorized the concept of trauma in the light of literature. That, literary texts are means through which the nature of trauma is revealed by its witnesses. . She argues that literature enables us to bear witness to events that can’t be absolutely known and introduces us to experiences that might have otherwise stayed unspoken and unheard. Caruth powerfully and convincingly shows that despite the fact that certain kinds of events can’t be completely understood,
Ray Lankester’s Degeneration: A Chapter in Darwinism (1880) puts forward the theory of evolutionary degeneration, a theory which H.G. Wells expanded on in his own novel, The Time Machine (1895). Wells’ presentation of mankind’s degeneration, the Eloi, reveals the cultural anxiety of how mankind, having prospered beyond the drive of necessity, could adapt into a more vulnerable state. Many critics have focused on Wells’ overt allegorical warning to humanity not to degenerate into the Eloi, however, I argue there is a much more immediate anxiety that runs throughout the text in the presentation of the Time Traveller himself. The Traveller is an experiment of Lankester’s theory, in that he finds himself ousted from a condition of security.
2. The English Novel 1945-1990 The history of the post-war novel in English, and also that of drama and poetry, cannot be understood without reference to the coexistence in the first half of the twentieth century of Modernism and the more traditional approaches to literature inherited from the Victorian period. The Modernist writers reacted against realism in fiction and the remains of Romantic sentimentalism in poetry by introducing technical innovations that could be used to look at reality from the point of view of the irrational, the subconscious, the anti-sentimental, or the highly individualistic. In drama, the revolution followed other lines, with G. B. Shaw 's introduction to the English stage of the naturalistic drama developed by