Postpartum Depression Case Study

1557 Words7 Pages
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a type of clinical depression which can affect woman after childbirth. PPD is very common among women and is a major public health problem. It is estimated that overall 10 to 15% women experience PND while it ranges from 3.5 to 63.3% in Asian countries. But it is one of the most underdiagnosed condition due to lack of adequate number of studies on the subject. Hence the current study was conducted with an objective of assessing the prevalence of postnatal depression among subjects with normal and caesarian deliveries and to compare the sociodemographic profile between normal and caesarian deliveries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a cross sectional study , conducted in the department of Pediatrics , Apollo…show more content…
7 Approximately 15% of all women will experience PPD following the birth of a child. 7 Thus, the recognition and assessment of this psychological disorder is important. Symptoms of PPD can occur anytime in the postpartum period. These include sadness, hopelessness, low self‑esteem, guilt, exhaustion, emptiness, social withdrawal, low or no energy, feeling of being overwhelmed, becoming easily frustrated, sleep and eating disturbances, inability to be comforted, and feeling inadequate in taking care of the baby. 8, 9. Wide variations in the assessment methods is also one of the reasons for wide variations in the reported prevalence. 10 Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). The EPDS is one of the valuable and efficient way of identifying patients at risk for PPD. 11, 12 How¬ever, Post-natal depression (PND) is diagnosed in only 50% of the women with prominent symptoms during first year after delivery. On the contrary, untreated PND can cause chronic depression and interferes in mother child bonding and even to the extent of suicide as well as infanticide in rare cases.13 However, it is important to distinguish PND from the “baby blues” that occurs be¬tween three and 10 days after giving birth; and “Post¬natal psychosis” which affects one in 500 women in the first week or so after child birth.4 The present study was conducted with an objective to assess the burden of postpartum depression in a group of Indian women attending a tertiary care teaching hospital using EPDS

More about Postpartum Depression Case Study

Open Document