Introduction Aim: To compare the effectiveness of compost and earthworms on the germination and yield of a spinach crop. Motivation: Fertilisers are mixture of chemicals that add nutrients to the soil to establish better yielding crops (Berger, 2013). Though these products have proved to provide many beneficial aspects to the agricultural sector, they have many negative environmental consequences. Fertilisers contain many substances, including mostly potassium, phosphorus, sulphur, calcium, magnesium and nitrogen. These substances, when they accumulate in the soil, can have harmful side effects on the environment and subsequently on the productivity of crops (Vimpany and Lines-Kelly, 2004).
Promotion strategies might also be used to increase the adoption of safe practices among farmers. The working and living conditions also require improvement to decrease occupational risks for farmworkers. Although basic and applied research is needed to identify, evaluate and develop control strategies for specific agriculture work related musculoskeletal disorders and to assure their practicality and usability in work places. Management of MSDs in agriculture can be done by application of engineering controls, administrative controls and use of properly designed ergonomic equipment. Further, area specific research is needed to identify material handling jobs in agriculture work with high risk of back injury and pathophysiologic mechanisms of chronic musculoskeletal injury for developing safe work
Fertilizers (microbial inoculant) offer a solution, as they not only revitalize the soil, improving soil fertility, but also a powerful tool for increasing efficiency (Minaxi et al., 2012) and reducing soil diseases. Furthermore, its application is one of the most economical strategies developed to assist
The organic agriculture techniques are known as ecological sustainable by • Improving soil structure and fertility through the use of crop rotations, organic manure, mulches and the use of fodder legumes for adding nitrogen to the soil fertility cycle. • Prevention of soil erosion and compaction by protecting the soil planting mixed and relay crops. •
Plants and animals that have been genetically modified can become more resistant to the unexpected problems of disease. The beneficiaries have also been the agrochemical industry (pesticides, including insecticides, herbicides, fungicides and nematicides), large petrochemical companies (BASF, Dow Chemical, and ExxonMobil), manufacturers of agricultural machinery, dam builders, and large landowners. As stated by PG Economics, “The insect resistant (IR) technology used in cotton and corn has consistently delivered yield gains from reduced pest damage.” Pest control is very important to GMO farming and benefits the value of the crops. For others, the idea of GMO farming is a bad one because it leads to reduced genetic diversity, increased vulnerability to pests, soil erosion, water shortages, reduced soil fertility, micronutrient deficiencies, soil contamination, reduced availability of nutritious food crops for the local population, the displacement of vast numbers of small farmers from their land, rural impoverishment, and increased tensions and conflicts. Also, many of the farmers that use GMO for agricultural production do not follow all of the standards.
Did you know you can turn you spoil in to rich soil by composting? As Mississippi University of Mississippi said “the best way to have rich and fertilized soil is to compost”. Well you might be thinking how can food waste turn into rich soil? Since the food waste has nutrients in it the soil absorbs it which will turn it into rich fertilized soil. Another benefit of composting is that it can reduce the amount of times you need to water your plants.
This conveys that sucrose concentration shall affect water potential, therefore the higher the sucrose concentration, the lower the water potential. This is how osmosis is linked to water potential and why experiments testing osmosis can be used to create methods to find and/or test water potential within plants. In addition to this, concentration of sucrose in a solution and in a plant cell or plant tissue shall have an effect on water potential. The experiment shall use several concentrations of sucrose solution and a substance known as Methylene blue. A piece of potato/ carrot shall be placed in a boiling tube and the solution shall be poured into it.
Your second hand farm machinery once again will be useful for preparing the soil for these areas. Draw a layout of your garden design ideas to ensure that your separate areas do not overcrowd your backyard. You need to provide the plants sufficient space to grow and expand. In addition, sketch in the plants you plan to add to these sections. Remember that you need to place shade plants together and full-sun plants together.
The U.S. food supply is the most varied and abundant in the world. In 1994, the food supply provided an estimated 3,800 calories per person per day which enough to supply every American with more than one and a half times of their average daily energy needs. Therefore, few of the Nation’s resources have traditionally been devoted to measuring or reducing food waste. There are two types of food waste, not recoverable for human consumption and recoverable for human consumption. The examples of not recoverable for human consumption are livestock condemned at slaughter because of disease, spoiled perishable food like meat, dairy and prepared items.