Methanol, has a molecule containing CH3OH it being the smallest, ethanol having more carbons and hydrogens than Methanol comes second, CH3CH2OH, and propanol, CH3CH2CH2OH, is the largest of the three molecules. Aim: The aim of this experiment is to see the effects of different alcohols and concentrations on the biological membrane of the beetroot. Research Question: How do different alcohols and concentrations affect the biological membrane of a beetroot? Hypothesis: As the alcohols increase in toxicity and concentration, the damaging and breaking down of the membrane will increase leading to more red pigment being released into the solution causing the absorption of the solute to increase.
Introduction Metabolism is the sum of all anabolic and catabolic reactions within a living organism to sustain life. The energy required to perform these reactions is provided by oxygen in the form of ATP, therefore the oxygen consumption rate can be measured to determine the metabolic rate. Since oxygen is obtained through respiration, the efficiency of an organism’s respiratory system affects its metabolism. Previous studies have shown that caffeine affects the human respiratory center and occasionally dilates bronchus. It can thus stimulate human respiration and increase the metabolic rate (Haggins et al, 1915).
The data observed and recorded in this lab shows that the concentration of miracle gro’ does affect the growth rate and germination speed of black eyed peas. The data is shown through two graphs and two data tables. The control group in this experiment is the seeds with a 0% concentration of miracle gro’, therefore the seeds with just water. The experimental groups are different concentrations of miracle gro’ including a 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, and 30% concentration. The variable in this experiment is the amount/concentration of miracle gro’.
In this lab when looking at cells, we observed the salinity and osmolarity of the cell when placed in the environment. With the different concentrations of NaCl, we are able to see how different environment can constrain an organism and see the wide range of responses to regulate in cell’s osmolarity. The cells we studied was sheep red blood cells (erythrocyte), because they are the most studied membrane system and therefore used as ideal membrane to study the relationship between water and the passing of the different concentration of NaCl across the membrane. The purpose of the experiment was to observe the cell and infer which direction of the flow of the water due to the cell volume change.
Introduction: In this lab, of water in a hydrate, or a substance whose crystalline structure is bound to water molecules by weak bonds, is determined by heating up a small sample of it. By heating, the water of hydration, or bound water, is removed, leaving only what is called an anhydrous compound. Based on the percent water in the hydrate, it can be classified as one of three types: BaCl2O ⋅ 2H20, with a percent water of about 14.57%, CuSO4
Diffusion and Osmosis Lab Report By: Jettica Williams BIOL 1107 Lab September 21, 2016 Prepared for Mrs. Fulford Lab Course Page Break The cell membrane act as a roadblock for cells. The cell membrane has a very hectic job. It restricts the access to what comes in and what goes out. The bond the membrane shares with others is the idea of accountability.
In this practical agar jelly cubes will be used to represent a cell. AIM: To model diffusion in a practical form and investigate the effect of surface area to volume ratio. HYPOTHESIS: It is hypothesised the smaller the cube the quicker and bigger the rate of diffusion will be and with a larger cube there will be a smaller percentage of diffusion due to its bigger volume.
This also shows how much water was transferred from the egg to the sugar solution. The higher the percentage of corn syrup was, the faster the rate of osmosis was. As a result, the egg placed in 75% corn syrup, 25% filtered water had the lightest weight (0.5 oz), while the egg placed in 25% corn syrup, 75% filtered water weighed 2 oz. Overall, the importance of this lab was to understand the process of osmosis and how it differs depending on the type of
Additionally, it was difficult obtaining a piece of rhubarb that was thin and particularly red, therefore the effect could not be best observed in the cells. Part B: Design your own experiment Parts of this practical were taken and slightly altered from the following link http://www.markedbyteachers.com/gcse/science/investigate-the-effect-of-surface-area-on-osmosis-in-potato-tissue.html Aim: To observe the effect different surface area: volume ratios have on osmosis in potato tissue. Hypothesis: If the potato has a larger surface area: volume ratio, the quicker osmosis will take place and the larger the mass will be at the end of the experiment, therefore the difference in mass of the potatoes from the start of the experiment to the end of the experiment will be larger. Additionally, the potato pieces left in a saltwater solution will decrease in mass, whereas the pieces left in water will increase in mass.
The hypothesis we came up with for this project was that in the distilled water there wouldn't be no change in the potato, we wouldn’t see a gain or loss with the water sitting in the beaker. The beaker with the 30% Sucrose and Distilled water we predicted that there was going to be weight gain to the potato. And for the distilled water with the 30% sucrose and we predicted weight loss. But the results came out to be the first bag content being isotonic the second bag came out to be hypotonic and lastly the result came out to be
By using the same mass of potato slices and putting them in different concentration of solutions for a specific amount of time will tell us how the concentration changes the mass of the potato slice. Therefore changing the rate of osmosis. Hypothesis: I predict that, if the piece of potato was put into a solution that has a high concretion of sucrose then the potato slice would lose mass as it would lose water from its cells because the water is moving out of the cell from a high concentration to a low concentration of water through a semi- permeable membrane. The cell is hypotonic and the solution is hypertonic.
An egg naturally has a lot of stuff inside, so the outside solution has to be very concentrated for this to happen. That’s the case when an egg is treated with corn syrup or buried in salt. By contrast, when an egg is treated with distilled water, or a dilute salt solution, the solute concentration is higher inside the egg than out, so the water moves into the egg, increasing its mass. It may be easier to think about osmosis in terms of water concentration rather than solute concentration. If the solute concentration is high, then the water concentration will be low by comparison.
For this lab I will be using water and sucrose to demonstrate the rate of osmosis. In this lab I will be exploring how temperature impacts the rate of osmosis by placing pieces of potato of equal size in solutions of different temperatures and observing the change in mass of potato after a given period of time. The change in mass will indicate the rate of osmosis.
Introduction In class, a series of experiments were performed that pertained to the enzyme known as catalase, which converts hydrogen peroxide into oxygen. Due to peroxide being toxic to the tissues of both plants and animals, both possess the enzyme catalase, which breaks into two non-toxic compounds: water and oxygen gas. Enzymes are proteins that react to certain substrates to create a product, and continue doing so afterwards. Methods and Materials To test reactions between catalase and hydrogen peroxide, groups of three to four people were formed.