On July 26, 1945, Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender (Potsdam Declaration) was presented by the President of the United States, the President of the National Government of the Republic of China, and the Prime Minister of Great Britain. This Potsdam Declaration was issued to give Japan a chance to terminate the war by making them accept it. Then, the leader of the Soviet Union later signed the Potsdam Proclamation and decided to join the war. Although Japanese leaders had already knew that they would not achieve a victory in this war, they did not confirm the declaration until atomic bombs were dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the United States and ended up accepting the unconditional surrender on August 15th of the same
In 1941, the battle of Hong Kong took place when the Japanese Imperial Army attacked Hong Kong. This attack focuses on Shing Mun Redoubt, which was a defense line for the British in Hong Kong that fell to the Japanese. The reason why Shing Mun Redoubt fell is debatable, as some believe that the Japanese were simply just too strong, but other believe that it was the lack of strength in the Ally’s defense line was the cause of this fall. Both of these reasons were supported by evidence, but to come to a complete conclusion, we will have to see which of these two reasons has the most evidence. Japan attacked Hong Kong as it was under Britain, which were their enemies, and it would be a jab to them if they lost, and the Japanese were on a train ride, with every stop being another success; after winning against China, a huge country, Hong Kong didn’t seem like a strong opponent.
The dropping of the bombs were necessary and fair due to the refusal of the Japanese to surrender, the millions of lives saved by a quick end to the war, and the warnings given to the Japanese. To begin, the Japanese soldiers have it ingrained in their brains that it is dishonorable to surrender. The author of Drop the Bomb as agreed by saying that “the Japanese have demonstrated a willingness to fight to the death”. During the war there were many times for the Japanese to surrender, but it was never done. With this in mind, they would have continued to drag out the war, which shows that dropping the bombs sped up the war which lessened the casualties.
The debate over the legitimacy of the atomic bombings of Japan generally revolves around what it was going to take to get Japan to agree to an unconditional surrender and what that might cost in American and Japanese lives. Those who supported the use of the bomb took the utilitarian view that it would end the war quickly and thereby save even greater numbers of American and Japanese lives by avoiding an Allied invasion of the home islands. In the context of The Just War Theory, however, the issue still comes down to the legitimacy of targeting civilians in industrial cities this line had already been crossed. Utilitarian considerations, such as the doctrine of double effect, only apply if the intended target is indeed military. Strategic bombing in World War II essentially was a decision to kill people not because of their military role, but because of their nationality.
This further emphasizes that since the Japanese were not simply going to give up, Truman came to the conclusion that in order to save millions of lives, he had to take thousands. President Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb on Japan to warn the world about the new found power of the United States, force an unconditional surrender of the Japanese, and save millions of lives. With the controversy over whether or not Truman should have dropped the bomb, some consider the decision irrational and unnecessary. However what these sceptics don 't realize is that the use of the atomic bomb not only helped end the war, but facilitated the dominance of the United States that the Japanese finally gave in to. In the section titled, NOTES OF THE INTERIM
In order for them to support the war, the government used propaganda to evoke feelings of nationalism. While the United States joined the war as an opportunity to get revenge on Japan, propaganda was often censored to guarantee that Americans only saw the damage Japanese soldiers had done to Americans. To insure that Americans would not be put off and maintain the desire for war, images of dead Americans were prevented from being published to the public. (“Supporting Evidence”). Government officials knew that citizens were unable to withstand the gruesome photos taken of the realities of the war.
The Executive Order 9066, signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, authorized for land to be established as military zones for the deportation of Japanese Americans into internment camps. The deportation of Japanese Americans was a pusillanimous act ridden by the fear that Japanese American people would act a saboteurs for the Japanese government. Without concrete evidence, innocent lives were led astray solely because of their Japanese ancestry. Japanese Americans were surmised as still remaining undeniably loyal to their ancestral home instead of America, despite that many Japanese Americans were still regarded as “aliens” in the first place. The federal government [at the time] claimed it was merely out of concern for America’s safety but it still cannot be denied that Japanese Americans were stripped of their constitutional rights without contrition or true reflection.
The opposition would claim that the people were aware of a bomb and that the Japanese committed similar crimes by attacking pearl harbor. As for the claim that an attack was justified, one crime cannot justify another. And for the claim that the Japanese knew of the invasion, If all the 15 countries that Hitler invaded had pamphlets tossed at them from the sky warning them of an invasion just hours before he started his campaign would we still think of him as a murderer? would a warning change the fact that Hitler was a war criminal? as the evidence would later prove, Truman knew fairly well of that the initial targets of his Fat Man and Little Boy were not purely military because otherwise he would not have ordered dropping of pamphlets warning the citizens of an invasion.
Over half a century has passed since the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but the debate over the decision to drop it is still alive and well. While there are valid points for both sides, the evidence and reason shown leans in favor of the side protesting the dropping of the bombs. The atomic bombs have caused so many problems since they have been dropped - problems that could have easily been prevented. If Truman just stopped to assess the situation with a clearer perspective, he would easily be able to see that the dropping of such a bomb would leave lasting psychological and physical negative effects, that Japan was already in a fragile state and would have surrendered soon anyways, and that if he were to go through with the atomic bombs he should have at least warned Japan. Due to the actions of the American government, the Japanese constantly lived with a thirst for vengeance.
This devastating event has led to the debate between whether or not bombarding Japan with atomic bombs was truly justified. Through thorough analysis of reasons for the dropping of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs and evidence proving the decision unnecessary, it was determined that the use of the atomic bombs was justified to a small extent. One could argue that the decision to attack the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki with atomic bombs was necessary. The bombs had to be dropped in order to achieve American victory and prevent casualties in America and Japan. The goals of bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki was to gain victory with the least amount of American casualties as possible.
naval base Pearl Harbor, for no reason. The biggest reason for attacking Pearl Harbor was that the Pacific Fleet, Pearl Harbor’s fleet, was the only thing that stood in the way of Japan taking over the South Pacific. At first, Japan wanted to destroy China, because of their marketing, but it soon became much bigger than that(Pearl Harbor). World domination was their main goal. Another reason for the attack was our relationship with Japan, for at the time war was inevitable between us and Japan.
Japan was planning on surrender, before the bomb was dropped. One reason was, Japan was getting ready to negotiate a peace settlement, yet Truman still decided to drop the bomb. The U.S. saw they were going to surrender (they knew). The U.S. was able to set up spying devices, and were able to hear some of the plans Japan was negotiating. Moreover, Japan’s not the reason this war started, yet two of their cities were obliterated, and many civilians died for doing nothing.
The Japanese Internment The Japanese were welcome in America once until the attack on Pearl Harbor which lead Japanese to concentration camps and were watched over by americans. Was it ok to for the Japanese to be treated this way. The internment of the Japanese was Justified because of military necessity, the attack on Pearl Harbor, and the US thinking there would be an invasion. The first reason why this is Justified is because of military necessity. “The security of the Pacific Coast continues to require the exclusion of Japanese from the area now prohibited to them and will so continue as long as that military necessity exists(Dewitt,1943).” So military necessity will help us become more secure and safe.