Their conditions were way worse than the whites who were guided by relief services that helped them live in a healthy environment. The blacks were repudiated the help from these centers due to racial discrimination. “The Federal Housing Administration, for example, constructed segregated housing for the poor and refused to make loans to blacks buying homes in white neighborhoods.” Blacks were not given loans when they told banks that they wanted to purchase a home in a place where mostly whites lived. They
The Blacks, however were limited in what they could take to get higher in education, and the schools they attended provided them with less resources for learning. During this time, education was a main force for advancement in society. The lack of education, resulted in less paying jobs, which created the stereotype that African Americans were not on the same level of intelligence with the whites. Therefore, the Whites felt as if they were supremacy in the race. Even after, fighting for educational rights over a long period of time.
Board of Education case a parent of a black child named Oliver Brown went to the government in concern that the 14th Amendment, made from the Plessy v. Ferguson case, stated that the race separation should be "Separate but equal". But Oliver Brown believed that this law was not being followed. The white public schools were much different than the black public schools. The white schools were much cleaner, nicer, had better education, more teachers, etc. But the black schools had nothing even close to those opportunities in their school.
Moral reasons combined with the material reasons, which contributed of the scarcity of slavery in the North. The main moral cause in the North was that the white population did not want to be outnumbered and overly influenced by the black slave population (Pg. 329). Therefore, it is “not in the interest of Negros, but of whites” that slavery was rare in the North. Even in states where slavery was abolished, the white population oppressed the black population in order to maintain white superiority.
In this quote, “The Jim Crow school system was patently unfair to the educational aspirations of millions of southern blacks” (American Decades). Black students aspiring to be something great like a doctor, an engineer, or an entrepreneur did not get the education they needed due to the Jim Crow laws. This is a blatant example of unfairness in the Jim Crow laws. The Jim Crow laws made the schools have economic problems as well, “...white school boards badly underfunded black-only schools, failing to provide adequate facilities, textbooks and instructional materials, or qualified teachers” (American Decades). White schools, on the other hand, did get the funding they needed and many whites got the education they needed.
Although the “free” North abolished slavery, the idea of white supremacy was dominant. ‘“...We are of another race and he is inferior. Let him know his place - and keep it.’” (Doc B) The spread of the abolition of slavery throughout the United States began in 1777 through 1865 and sparked the limits of determining a black person’s freedom. The debate is still present: How restricted were blacks in the North, regarding their social, political, and economic freedoms? Actually, free blacks did not have a significant amount of freedom in that time period, especially concerning the listed areas, as they were all severely limited.
( Florida) This makes the civil rights of American citizens very different financially and emotionally. Many married couples have a very big advantage than those who aren’t married. Another Jim Crow law states “The schools for white children shall be conducted separately.” (Florida) This made it hard for white and colored children to connect with each other since they couldn’t even go to the same school. It made whites think differently of colored. Jim Crow law of Alabama states “it should be unlawful to conduct a restraint or other place for serving food in the city,” ( Alabama) This helps explain that different races couldn’t even eat in the same buildings.
Another explanation of the violence that occurs in South Africa is blamed on the ANC government’s service delivery bad record, what Apartheid didn’t damage, the ANC did. South African xenophobia has also been explained by the level of social and economic inequality in the country. It has been noted that the greatest punishments of xenophobic violence have been carried out in borders of formal society, where foreign nationals compete with the poorest South Africans to make themselves a basic living. And then lastly, South Africa’s immigration policies are also blamed for exasperating the problem. There are millions of foreigners in South Africa, with majority being black foreigners and they have come to be seen as a serious threat to the impending economic health of the country.
Many African American women were excluded from women clubs, so they founded their own one called NACW (National Association of Colored Women). At the same time, reality was cruel. Women’s voting rights didn’t become constitutional until 1920, the end of the Progressive Era. No matter how much the government and individuals tried to reform during the Progressive Era, the changes were still conservative, and they weren’t significant enough to influence the society and solve pre-existed social issues. During the Industrial Age, the extent that a
Nelson Mandela and Martin King lived many similar situations which led to their great effort. Commonly, in the past, South Africa’s issues was based on the bad relationship between black and white people were the black people’s rights are completely oppressed. During apartheid, the government divided people into four racial groups and moved some of them, so the system was used to deny the black people rights and needs. For instance, non-white people must carry a special permission paper to give them the ability to work and live in specific areas, also people from different color cannot marry each other or even own a land in some areas which it was owned by white people. As the intolerant situation was spread in South Africa against black Africans, black people of the U.S.A in the 1960s faced the same cases.