Similarly to the Cultural Theory of Poverty, which explains how belonging to a socio-economic class (specifically being in poverty) for generations produces a new family culture that is distinct from others. Here, people are placed into situations beyond their control and are forced to adapt to that environment, thus resulting in a culture of poverty (Small 8). While this theory only explains that a culture of poverty exists amongst families that experience poverty for generations, it does not explain why that poverty occurs in the first place, highlighting a flaw. The Structural Theory of Poverty offers explanations for this occurrence.
Few of these innate plaques are lack of education facilities, children goes to work in order to help their parents, lack of basic hygiene and transmission of diseases. Unemployment and very low pay among parents create a situation where their kids are unable to go to school; they just don’t see how hard work can improve their life as they see their parents fail at a daily task. In the end, poverty is a major ground of social tensions and threatens to divide a nation because of the issue of inequalities particularly income inequality. This happens when wealth in a country is not well distributed among its citizens. In other words, where a tiny minority have all the money.
“Studies consistently document that most educator themselves come from middle-class background, making it difficult for them to relate personally with students who live in poverty” (Zeichner, 2003). I had to get to know my learners better to understand why they behaved in the way they did. One learner in particular had me going up the walls, his language skills was very poor as most of the learner’s home language was Xhosa and the school’s language of instruction was English. Fleisch (2008) confirms this as a problem in South Africa as 70% to 80% of primary schoolchildren who are from disadvantage areas are not fluent in the language of instruction. According to Hart and Risley’s (1995) study, children from poverty backgrounds have a smaller vocabulary than children who are from more affluent families.
The value of a country's needs and its currency is the amount of goods and services by a unit of currency in the country can buy decision, namely the decision by its purchasing power, and therefore the exchange rate between two currencies can be expressed as the ratio of the purchasing power of the two currencies. However, the size of the purchasing power is reflected by the price levels. Based on this relationship, domestic inflation will mean their currencies depreciate relative to foreign currencies. Relative PPP definitely makes up for some deficiencies in terms of purchasing power parity. Its main points can be simply stated as: currency exchange rate between the two countries will be based on the difference between the two countries the rate of inflation and adjust accordingly.
WHAT IS MICROECONOMICS? The branch of economics that analyzes the market behavior of individual consumers and firms in an attempt to understand the decision-making process of firms and households. It is concerned with the interaction between individual buyers and sellers and the factors that influence the choices made by buyers and sellers. In particular, microeconomics focuses on patterns of supply and demand and the determination of price and output in individual markets. QUESTION: 1.
Therefore, chronically poor are those who are not able to meet their minimum subsistence needs, lack access to the hey productive assets and are highly dependent on public and/or private transfers(Devereux,2003). But chronic poverty is not limited to destitution, and includes people who are active in the labour market. Chronic poverty is therefore a phenomenon that is permanent in nature, and prevails for
Moreover, this uneven distribution of wealth has contributed enormously to increased poverty and deprivation in the US. In fact, 1 in 7 Americans today experience hunger and 16 million children live in poverty. Additionally, too great economic inequality prevents the economy from growing. In view of middle-class worker’s reduction or stagnation in salaries, they have less disposable income to spend. Thus, businesses suffer and must cut costs, which inevitably leads to even more reduced revenues for
The children at schools all-black schools (usually dependent on Government) they usually do not go to university, do not have a sustainable job, and an unprivileged life. In South Africa, our life chances are mainly determined by race, by birth, and by where you went to school. Most businesses would rather have employees from other companies that employ and trained talented people who lack skills and work experience but could add value in the long term. (This, in results in the fact that rate of unemployment in South Africa is HUGE, businesses struggle to fill vacancies.) We need to look at the fact the large, poorly educated, mostly black population do not have social capital to get
Pakistan is placed at 136th position for having only 49.9% educated population according to the human development report. It has only 57% literate males and 36% literate females. Flaws in education system: Here are listed some of the flaws of educational system of Pakistan 1. In both public and private sector the medium of education is different which create inequality and divide people into two segments. It is basic cause of rural illiteracy and school dropout.
Abstract Poverty is a social phenomenon in which certain sections of the society are unable to fulfil bare necessities of life. India is known for the poor people it has poverty gives birth too many other problem. Our India is well aware that poverty is the biggest barriers in the development of the nation. Various number of anti- poverty policies had been introduced since 1950 's. In India poverty is measured by a poverty line.