Children born into homelessness can be at higher risk for infectious disease, stunted growth rate, and anemia. These deficiencies can be caused by environmental factors and poor nutrition(Hart-Shegos 2). In the novel, the Tillerman children all struggle to be accepted in school because of their obvious differences, likely caused by the time they spent homeless. They have experienced great hardships that they could not control, for example, their delayed development. This can be explained by, “Studies of pregnant women in New York City welfare hotels have shown their babies are twice as likely to weigh less than five pounds at birth when compared to all pregnant women.
The cause of death is usually diarrhea, but behind it is acute deficits of necessary micronutrients. About 2 million children die from pneumonia. Antibiotics to treat it cost 27 cents a dollar. Their families lack them. In total, 18 million people die each year from poverty-related causes.
studies shows that children with incarcerated parent demonstrate that even deeper and complex risk factor exist, for example, according to Dallaire, (2007). “Children with incarcerated parents may be particularly vulnerable to poor outcomes because of their exposure to an array of background, contextual, or sociodemographic risk factors such as poverty and single parenthood. They also are exposed to incarceration-related risk factors, that is, risk factors uniquely associated with parental imprisonment” (p. 441). Furthermore, she goes on to say, “Contextual risk factors. Sameroff et al.
In 2010, an estimated 7.6 million children over 20,000 per day died of starvation. 6. Hunger problem exists mostly in underdeveloped countries. Hunger could be transmitted from mother to child. Every year, million of children are born underweight because their mothers are also
Reece claims that “child neglect is strongly associated with poverty and with the correlates of poverty, including dependence on public assistance, low parental education, maternal depression, large numbers of children, crowding, and limited resources” (Reece et al). This shows that children living in a family with multiple children, or in a low income household, are more likely to suffer from abuse than children in high income households, or only children. This is an important discovery to help develop a method to help prevent the abuse from
Children in foster care often have a high risk of having developmental problems. Seeing that most children in foster care were, taken away from unfit parents a lot of these children have faced some, type of maltreatment. "Proponents of foster care note that 70– 80% of children in out of home placements have been maltreated in the home of origin..."(Lawrence 58). Because, maltreatment is common before placement, poor development outcomes are a risk. Consequently, foster children are at risk of falling behind in development, and up to 80% of foster children have a developmental problem.
According to the State of America’s Children in the United States and Alabama 2017 Factsheets, 18 percent of the U.S.’s children were poor in 2016, and 25 percent of Alabama’s children were poor in 2016. These statistics are overwhelming due to the fact that child poverty affects all areas of their lives. Children exposed to poverty at such a young age are at a disadvantage in several areas; these children are at risk of low academic achievement, resulting in lasting negative effects. Our economy is not able to thrive if child poverty continues. Children living in poverty are also at risk of dropping out of school, being unemployed, and entering the juvenile justice system.
Inefficient policies all around the world and especially in our country are contributing to problems in the society. And the biggest problem which the world faces today is the problem of “Poverty” and “Inequality”. It is hard for one to determine whether poverty causes inequality or is it the other way around because both these problems are interrelated. Poverty is something which is caused due to transferring wealth in to the hands of a specific group and the unjust policies of the government. And inequality is discriminating a person in all spheres of life which gives a rise to sense of deprivation.
Chronic hunger claims and affects many victims by famine each year. Women are more likely to be sick and have smaller babies that would die earlier, resulting in high levels of infant mortality. In areas where chronic hunger is a problem the communities are in a vicious cycle of malnutrition and death. Effects also include vulnerability to common illness, more than two million children die every year from dehydration caused by diarrhea. Malnourished children often lacks the strength to survive a severe case of diarrhea.