I think it would be fascinating to explore the statistical discrepancies between differing pain treatment between races and ponder on how to close the gap between them. In my paper, I would like to briefly address the factors that created and perpetuate these disparities, such as socioeconomic status and racism in society.
Jay MacLeod’s book Ain’t No Making’ It is a treatise on social reproduction theory, that is, the ways in which class inequality is reproduced across generations, and is equally relevant and informative to understanding the cycle of poverty today as it was in 1987 when it was first published. The explanations of the life trajectories of the men studied in this book are especially important in light of the inflamed rhetoric and intense debate that characterize the interactions between the two distinct ideologies that have bifurcated the theorists of educational reform: Economically deterministic theories and the theories emphising the autonomy of the cultural level. Though the attempt of the author is to provide a perspective which allows for the simultaneous existence of the two theories. We will see that neither perspective can be said to be entirely endorsed by the conclusions found in Ain’t No Makin’ It. Building off previous scholarship of Bowles and Gintis, Bourdieu, Bernstein and Heath, Willis and Giroux, McLeod seeks to investigate the tension between personal agency and structural barriers to social mobility, or in his words, how “class based institutional mechanisms set limits on mobility, thereby ensuring social reproduction, while cultural innovations can be at once both functional and dysfunctional for
How might the following 3 theoretical approaches explore the topic of poverty in the family - structural functionalism, social conflict, symbolic interactionism? Structural functionalism a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability (Macionis et al,2013, p.10). Structural functionalism can be a very valuable theory when addressing poverty. It focuses on the structure of things and can be used to analyze the effects that structure has on poverty. One main point of the structural functionalism theory is that the erection of a family directly impacts their likelihood of living in poverty.
In contrast with the essay by Tianna Gaines-Turner talks about the steps to solve the poverty. She gives ideas to readers how to get out of the situation with hope. Although both essays address the topic of poverty, there is a notable difference between the purpose of the authors and rhetorical appeal.
However, some would question the necessity of these social safety nets and would perhaps be cynical of the impact of such intended benefits on the citizens. Additionally, global experts have also critiqued the quality, reach and viability of the social safety nets implemented in developing countries. As such, this essay aims to study some of these safety nets and analyse their adequacy, inclusiveness and sustainability. 1.a Approach of Paper While reading this essay, there are some questions that one might consider: 1. Why is there a need to implement social safety nets?
Overall Singer claims that there is a major problem with absolute poverty; in order to prevent some of this poverty people should be obligated to assist the poor if nothing significant is comparable. He effectively breaks down and elaborate on his convincing premises by giving examples, and sufficient reasoning why we ought to prevent absolute poverty. In addition, there were some objections against Singers proposition, but his argument validated his conclusion. I was very convinced by Singer’s argument because his counter arguments were more persuasive and realistic. If society doesn’t prevent some poverty this problem of suffering from being poor it will continue.
The economist, on the other hand, sees inequality in the distribution of wealth or income, or, following Sen, in the distribution of certain ‘outcome indicator’ like health or educational status. Why has the economist been rather less concerned about inequality across racial, ethnic or caste groups? The answer probably lies in the methodological
Social inequalities can be described as the differences in “income, resources, power and status” (Naidoo and Wills 2008, in Warwick-Booth 2013, 2) that advantage a social class, a group or an individual over another, and thereby establish social hierarchies. It also affects inequalities in regards to gender, race, access to health and education, and general living conditions. In sociology, the dichotomy between the conflict theory approach and the functionalist approach has led to a discordant opinion in regards to social inequalities. The conflict theory seems to admit that social inequalities needs to disappear in order to install a common and equal base for all individuals, whereas the functionalist approach believes that social inequalities
Poverty can also be defined into absolute or relative terms. The first concept has to be with the income necessary to meet basic needs, like food, clothing and shelter. On the other hand, the second concept takes into account the social and cultural aspect of someone’s life, defining poor as the failure to meet some pre-established standards of living in a certain societal context.
By making this metaphor and at the same time using poverty in different contexts, Hare raises the question, whether or not it is possible to escape from poverty or will the environment which you grew up in always leave traces. The reader clearly understands his point and Hare has created a foundation for further reflection upon the
Misconceptions the public has about poverty mostly who is responsible for preventing it. a. This work can be used as a source to add in chapter 11 of the book since it delves more deeply into why there is poverty in America. b. The author 's main goal is to inform people as to how poverty occurs, to whom it occurs to, who is affected and ways to prevent it.
Is it really a good thing to raise the minimum wage to meet the basic need for poor people? Is it the best way to prevent poverty rate and income inequality? Answers must vary from skeptical to comprehensive response depending on whoever answers these questions. Amid a debate on this
Title: Why is care work under-valued and under-rewarded? Key Words: paid and unpaid care work, wage penalties, undervaluation Abstract This literature review draws upon relevant literature on undervaluation and relative wage penalties of work associated with care. By dividing care work into paid and unpaid, the article departs from the fact that most care work is under-valued and under-paid, despite some exceptions. It aims at investigating the reason that causes the current phenomenon, via comparing and inducing different frameworks and theories. The article reveals that the “public good” theory is the major explanation to undervaluation of care work.
The effect is that Ehrenreich is able to show the readers the conditions in which the impoverished work in and the daily obstacles that they face in life; also there is an appeal to logic and a reference of a poverty idiom. Why: Ehrenreich is deliberately using these rhetorical strategies to incite the readers about the fact that changes need to be done to poverty because it is a detrimental thing to society. Second Body: What: Metaphor Pg. 29, Imagery Pg. 100.
Contrastingly, Rose and Baumgartner mention politics, include graphs, and use the terms “poverty-threshold,” “GGI” and other technical jargon that would likely bore less-educated individuals (Rose and Baumgartner). Granted, they do tell readers what GGI is referring to, but even the explanation is wordy and confusing to the type of audience Hooks wrote for, “The GGI is the percent of total government spending on nonmedical [sic] means-tested programs divided by the poverty gap” (Rose and Baumgartner, 38). The authors make a point to mention other statistics as well, including amounts of nonmedical poverty spending and its rise through the years, various themes about poverty written in newspapers such as The New York Times, The Chicago Tribune, and three others, not to mention, noting time periods critical towards the increasingly negative mindset affiliated with the