Malaria is a very common disease affecting people all around the world. It has been a life threatening problem since 2700 BC. There are over 100 countries at risk for Malaria transmission, nearly half the world’s population, 3.3 billion. It is especially life threatening in Africa, where 20% of childhood deaths are due to malaria. Additionally, out of the 250 million cases each year, there are around one million deaths.
Also, some diseases are uncontrollable, leading to higher mortality rates. For those who live in tropical regions, they are most likely to be affected by malaria, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, which are rooted in neglected tropical diseases. On other hands, most of these infections threaten societies globally such as malaria which puts people at risk. In fact," malaria deaths reached 445 000 in 2016, a similar number (446 000) to 2015". (WHO,2016).
Steps must be done in order to thoroughly overlook this issue by diminishing the effect of poverty on the spread of HIV and AIDS, and address reliable solutions to solve this issue. Global overview: The global HIV and AIDS epidemic is the effect of the main problem in the world, poverty. Because of poverty, the rates of HIV and AIDS continue to flourish into a worldwide pandemic. Today, nearly 32 million people around the globe are living with HIV (Robinson). In addition, every country worldwide is being affected by HIV and AIDS (HIV/AIDS), and approximately 70% of all cases are located in sub-Saharan Africa.
Comprehensive knowledge of HIV transmission remains low among young people, along with condom use. About 210,000 children died of AIDS-related causes in 2012, compared to 320,000 in 2005. Target 8 Between 2000 and 2012, the substantial expansion of malaria interventions led to a 42 per cent decline in malaria mortality rates globally. In the decade since 2000, 3.3 million deaths from malaria were averted, and the lives of three million young children were saved. Thanks to increased funding, more children are sleeping under insecticide-treated bed nets in sub-Saharan Africa.
Malaria remains the most common cause of illness and death in the country, accounting for about 50% of outpatient visits and 38% of hospital admissions. Malaria accounts for about 41% of all hospital deaths among children aged under 5 years (see figure). Hypertension, diabetes and mental illnesses are increasing with drastic changes in lifestyle and drug abuse. The greatest burden of disease is on rural populations, and on females within the rural population. The greatest burden of disease is on rural populations, and on females within the rural
Introduction and Justification Acute malnutrition is a disastrous public health condition of epidemic proportions. Right now 52 million children of age group of less than five years, experience acute malnutrition and 34 million of them bound to have most severe condition – Severe Acute Malnutrition. Death among under five years of age due to malnutrition was around 1 million every year(1). According to the World Health Organization(WHO), starvation and malnutrition were the single hazardous conditions to the world's public health (2). Mortality rate among malnourished children in the countries like Congo, Bangladesh, Uganda, etc., was 5-20 times higher compared to well-nourished children.
Also, children are affected by AIDS and become orphans due to losing parents to AIDS. Fifteen million children become orphans by AIDS in the world, and twelve million come from Sub-Saharan Africa (Seager 48). Also, whenever a woman who has HIV/AIDS becomes pregnant, the baby will acquire her mothers’ disease. Luckily, the United States and other western countries do not have an equivalent to non-western countries with HIV/AIDS. This disease is causing these developing countries to struggle due to the effects on HIV/AIDS.
Blindness is major health problem. Cataract, trachoma, glaucoma and childhood blindness. Childhood blindness is conduction of measles, vitamin A-deficiency, acute infection and trauma. About 80% of blindness is preventable or treatable (Ministry of health 2014c). Tuberculosis is major cause of death in Ethiopia and over third of population has been exposed to tuberculosis (Center for National Health Development in Ethiopia.)
The author states that in the tropics, “ Malaria kills one African child every thirty seconds and accounts for over a million deaths a year around the world” (“Malaria”). The author is explaining that even today our world is still being affected by diseases. This also shows that the world is becoming even more unequal, while we are able to treat diseases with top notch medicine, and Africa doesn't have quite the technology and money we do. In the end, the deadly diseases that had developed has created an unequal world due to Europe’s immunity while others had struggled in the past, and even still today. This world that we live in has ended up so unequal due to those three main ideas; the location and shape of continents to spread new ideas, having domesticated animals, and deadly diseases.
Poverty is a huge issue in South Africa because people who live in poverty usually turn to crime as the solution in order to survive. People living in poverty become more sick from lack of access to clean water and sanitation and children are prone to malnutrition. South Africa gives out social grants in order to minimise poverty in the country, and according to “Randfontein herald” more than 30% of South Africa’s population relies on a social grant. Which means that the country is using money for social grants that could be used for other important resources, such as education, transportation and other country needs. (Anon., 2014) What is the impact of poverty on South Africa?